The opinion of the court was delivered by: Johnson, Senior District Judge
Presently before the Court is Plaintiffs' William Duffy, Gene Panessa, and James Mascarella (collectively, "Plaintiffs") motion for a preliminary injunction:
(1) Staying Defendant International Union of Operating Engineers Local 14-14B ("the Union"); Defendants Edwin L. Christian, Walter J. McKenna, Christopher T. Confrey, John R. Powers, and Daniel Noesges, officials in the Union; any members or agents of the Union; and Defendant George Stamboulidis, Ethical Practices Attorney, from suspending or revoking Plaintiffs' membership in the Union, commencing disciplinary proceedings against the Plaintiffs or taking any other actions that could affect the Plaintiffs' membership in the Union ("First Request"); and
(2) staying Defendant The New York City Department of Buildings ("the Department"); the Department's Commissioner, Robert LiMandri ("Commissioner"); and the Department's officers and/or agents from suspending, revoking, or taking any action that would affect Plaintiffs' Hoist Machine Operator licenses ("Licenses") ("Second Request").
This Memorandum and Order addresses only Plaintiffs' Second Request-to wit, the request to prevent administrative proceedings instituted against Plaintiffs pursuant to the Commissioner's authority.*fn1 After considering the parties' submissions and oral argument, the Second Request in Plaintiffs' motion for preliminary injunction is DENIED.
In May 2010, the Department filed petitions against each Plaintiff at the Office of Administrative Trials and Hearings ("OATH"), an independent agency that conducts administrative hearings for other City agencies. (See Plaintiffs' Order to Show Cause and Temporary Restraining Order Exs. 5--7.) The petitions allege that Plaintiffs violated provisions of the New York City Administrative Code requiring carriers of the Licenses to be "of good moral character." (Id.) The bases of the charges were Plaintiffs' guilty pleas to federal criminal charges involving the construction industry. (Id.)
To succeed on a motion for a preliminary injunction, the moving party "must demonstrate (1) the likelihood of irreparable injury in the absence of such an injunction, and (2) either (a) likelihood of success on the merits or (b) sufficiently serious questions going to the merits to make them a fair ground for litigation plus a balance of hardships tipping decidedly toward the party requesting the preliminary relief." Fed. Express Corp. v. Fed. Espresso, Inc., 201 F.3d 168, 173 (2d Cir. 2000) (citations omitted); see also Lynch v. City of New York, 589 F.3d 94, 98 (2d Cir. 2009) ("Where the moving party seeks to stay governmental action taken in the public interest pursuant to a statutory or regulatory scheme, the... [C]court should not grant the injunction unless the moving party establishes, along with irreparable injury, a likelihood that he will succeed on the merits of his claim.").
Here, the Court need not consider the second prong because Plaintiffs cannot bear their burden under the first prong. Plaintiffs cannot show that, in the absence of this court enjoining the Department from proceeding with the OATH hearings and the Commissioner from making a decision based on the hearings' findings, Plaintiffs will suffer irreparable harm. As the Court noted during oral argument, the Administrative Law Judge's findings of fact support only a recommendation, not a decision, that the Commissioner may adopt, reject, or modify. See N.Y.C. Charter § 1046. Plaintiffs have adequate remedy in state tribunals to raise any due process concerns with the Commissioner's decision. See N.Y. C.P.L.R. art. 78 (providing for judicial review of agency determinations).
Therefore, because Plaintiffs have failed to demonstrate irreparable harm, their request for a preliminary injunction as to these possible actions by the Department and the Commissioner must be denied.
For the foregoing reasons, the portion of Plaintiffs' motion for preliminary injunction staying the Department and the Commissioner from taking any action that would affect Plaintiffs' Licenses is DENIED. As to the portion of Plaintiffs' motion for preliminary injunction staying the Union and the remaining Defendants from taking any other actions that could affect the Plaintiffs' membership in the Union, this Court will reserve decision pending oral argument.
STERLING JOHNSON, JR. Senior United States ...