The opinion of the court was delivered by: H. Kenneth Schroeder, Jr. United States Magistrate Judge
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c), the parties have consented to the assignment of this case to the undersigned to conduct all proceedings in this case, including the entry of final judgment (Dkt. #21).
Currently before the Court is the defendants' motion for summary judgment (Dkt. #31).
Plaintiff commenced this pro se action on or about July 27, 2006 pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 (Dkt. # 1). Plaintiff's amended complaint alleges various violations of the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution (Dkt. #6). At all times relevant to the allegations in plaintiff's complaint, plaintiff was incarcerated at Wende Correctional Facility ("Wende"). Defendants were all employees of the New York State Department of Correctional Services ("DOCS"). Defendant Correctional Officers James Callens ("Callens") and Christopher Czarnecki, ("Czarnecki"), Sergeant Scott Lambert ("Lambert"), Hearing Officer Thomas Schoellkopf ("Schoellkopf"), Dr. Jacqueline Levitt ("Levitt"), and Robert Stachowski, R.N. ("Stachowski"), were assigned to Wende. Defendant Donald Selsky ("Selsky"), Director of Special Housing/Inmate Disciplinary Programs, was assigned to DOCS office in Albany, New York.
Plaintiff has asserted four causes of action, sub-divided into the following claims: (1) Correctional Officers Callens and Czarnecki assaulted plaintiff without provocation in violation of the Eighth Amendment; (2) Callens and Czarnecki deprived petitioner of his due process rights when they denied plaintiff recreation and withheld his property; (3) Sergeant Lambert failed to supervise Callens and Czarnecki; (4) Dr. Levitt and R.N. Stachowski failed to provide plaintiff with adequate and appropriate medical treatment in violation of the Eighth Amendment; (5) Schoellkopf violated plaintiff's due process rights at a disciplinary hearing; and (6) Selsky violated plaintiff's due process rights by refusing to reverse the disciplinary hearing disposition. Plaintiff seeks compensatory and punitive damages. Dkt. #6, ¶ 56-62.
Since filing his opposition to the instant motion for summary judgment (Dkt. ##46-48), the plaintiff has been deported from the United States to the Dominican Republic.
For the reasons that follow, defendants' motion for summary judgment is granted in part, and denied in part.
The following facts are undisputed unless otherwise noted.
A. Plaintiff's arrival at Wende; Incident of August 9, 2004
On August 2, 2004, plaintiff arrived at Wende from Upstate Correctional Facility ("Upstate"). He was in keep-lock status from August 2 through August 8. Dkt. #32, ¶¶ 44-45. During that time, plaintiff did not receive his personal property from Upstate. Id. at ¶ 46. On August 12, 2004, plaintiff filed a grievance requesting the return of his personal property. The grievance was reviewed by the Inmate Grievance Review Committee ("IGRC"), which informed plaintiff that his property arrived and was reviewed and processed on August 14, and was issued to him that same day. Plaintiff appealed the response of the IGRC to the Superintendent, who affirmed the response on August 27, 2004. Plaintiff then appealed the decision of the Superintendent to the Central Office Review Committee ("CORC"), alleging that he was called out to receive his property on August 7, 2004, but that his property was intentionally withheld from him. The CORC observed that there was no record of plaintiff being called out to receive his property on August 7, and that his property did not arrive until August 14, 2004. Id. at ¶ 47-48.
On August 9, 2004, Correctional Officer Callens received information that an inmate in 11 Company, Cell 2, may be in possession of a weapon. Dkt. #32, ¶ 9. After receiving authorization to search plaintiff's cell, Callens ordered plaintiff out of his cell. According to defendants, as plaintiff exited the cell, he raised his fist at Callens, who then grabbed plaintiff's right arm while Czarnecki assisted in restraining plaintiff. Id. at ¶ 10-12. Plaintiff has disputed this fact, alleging that he was assaulted by the two officers without provocation. Dkt. #48, ¶¶ 13, 15. The two Correctional Officers then placed plaintiff's hands behind his back and escorted him to the second floor lobby. Dkt. #32, ¶¶ 10-13. Sergeant Lambert heard the commotion and responded to the second-floor lobby. Callens explained the situation, and Lambert placed mechanical restraints on the plaintiff. Id. at ¶ 14.
Arrangements were then made for the plaintiff to be moved to the Special Housing Unit ("SHU") at Wende. Id. at ¶ 8. Plaintiff did not attend recreation the day of the incident. Id. at ¶¶ 49-50.
Callens returned to plaintiff's cell and, in searching it, he recovered a plastic, sharpened object concealed in a cardboard sheath. The object was taken to Lambert, who placed it in the Captain's Evidence Locker. Id. at ¶ 21. Plaintiff was thereafter charged with violating DOCS Rule 100.11 (Assault on Staff) and Rule 113.10 (Weapon Possession) and a Misbehavior Report was issued by Callens. Id. at ¶ 22. As a result of the August 9, 2004 incident, plaintiff was moved to SHU. Id. at ¶ 8.
Shortly after the incident of August 9, 2004, plaintiff was examined by R.N. Robert Stachowski. Plaintiff complained of pain to his nose, left shoulder, and left wrist. Stachowski observed a small avulsion to the nose, approximately three millimeters in length, and documented the results of his exam on a Use of Force Report and Inmate Injury Report, in accordance with DOCS procedure. He determinated that there was no evidence of any additional injury and that plaintiff did not require further medical treatment. Id. at ¶¶ 9, 16-17; Dkt. #35, Ex. B-C.
On August 11, 2004 Dr. Jacqueline Levitt examined plaintiff after he complained of pain to his left wrist and nose. Levitt observed a small bruise on the bridge of plaintiff's nose with no deformities, and no deformity to his wrist. In her medical judgment, Dr. Levitt determined that plaintiff had suffered a soft tissue injury and that no further treatment was needed at that time. Dkt. #32, ¶ 54. On August 18, 2004, plaintiff complained of pain in his left wrist and left shoulder, and decreased flexion of the fifth digit on his left hand. Levitt's examination revealed that his wrist showed no swelling and had a normal range of motion. Plaintiff also had a normal grip. She did observe some decreased flexion of his left fifth digit, and normal range of motion of his left shoulder. Levitt determined that no treatment was needed for those injuries at that time. Id. at ¶ 56. One week later, plaintiff again complained of pain in his left wrist and shoulder and requested x-rays. Levitt saw no deformities to his shoulder, wrist, or left fifth digit and determined that there was no bony injury and thus no need for x-rays at that time. Her assessment had not changed when she saw plaintiff again on September 1, 2004. Id. at ¶ 59-60. On September 8, 2004, plaintiff again complained of wrist and shoulder pain and decreased range of motion of his fifth left digit. Dr. Levitt examined plaintiff and observed decreased flexion but no deformity in the fifth left digit. She determined that the decreased flexion of plaintiff's finger was not clinically significant. Id. at ¶ 62.
On September 15, plaintiff was examined by another physician following complaints of poor flexion of the left fifth finger. That doctor noted that plaintiff had persisting left upper extremity complaints and ordered an x-ray of his left finger, and indicated that he would follow-up with an orthopedic consultation if necessary. Dr. Levitt agreed with that plan of care. Id. at ¶ 64.
Plaintiff was transferred out of Wende on September 23, 2004. Id. at ¶ 68. Upon his transfer to Upstate Correctional Facility, plaintiff was examined by a physician and it was determined that his left fifth digit had full range of motion and no treatment was needed. The finger was again examined at Upstate on October 18, 2004. The nurse noticed decreased flexion, but that it did not warrant any treatment. Id. at ¶¶ 69-70. Finally, an orthopedist consulted with plaintiff on May 26, 2005, and concluded that there was decreased flexion of plaintiff's left fifth digit but that there was no "long term problem." Id. at ¶ 71. Due to plaintiff's chronic complaints of pain in his shoulder and ulnar and failed conservative treatment, a diagnostic study of his left shoulder was completed at Clinton Correctional facility. An MRI did not reveal any injuries, therefore an arthoscopic surgery was required to diagnose and treat the affected shoulder. That surgery was performed on December 21, 2006. Id. at ¶ 73.
C. Misbehavior Report and Disciplinary Hearing
In preparation for the Tier III Superintendent's Hearing arising from the Misbehavior Report dated August 9, 2004, plaintiff was assigned an employee assistant pursuant to 7 N.Y.C.R.R. § 251.4. Id. at ¶ 23. Plaintiff requested that seven inmates be interviewed as potential witnesses. The employee assistant was unable to locate one of the witnesses, three refused to testify, and two were denied as witnesses by Hearing Officer Schoellkopf. The remaining witness agreed to testify at the hearing. Id. at ¶ 24. The hearing was then conducted before Shoellkopf on August 11, 2004. Id. at ¶ 25.
At the commencement of the hearing, plaintiff complained that his employee assistance was inadequate, and requested additional witnesses. He also requested that another Hearing Officer complete the hearing. Id. at ¶ 26. Schoellkopf adjourned the hearing and proceeded to locate and interview four witnesses based on the plaintiff's requests. That testimony was recorded and played for the plaintiff at the SHU hearing room on August 31, 2004. Id. at ¶ 27-28. Testimony was also given by Correctional Officers Callens and Sergeant Lambert. Schoellkopf denied plaintiff's requests for additional witnesses, determining that further testimony would be redundant pursuant to 7 N.Y.C.R.R. § 253.5. Id. Plaintiff objected to the proceedings, claiming that he did not have the opportunity to question witnesses and did not receive certain documentary evidence. He also claimed that he was denied the right to a fair and impartial hearing officer. Id. at ¶ 29.
After hearing and considering the evidence, Schoellkopf found plaintiff guilty of assault on staff and weapons possession and sentenced him to one year in SHU, and one year loss of packages, commissary, phone, personal television, and good time. Id. at ¶ 31. Plaintiff appealed the hearing disposition to the Commissioner of DOCS. Upon review, Donald Selsky, Director of Special Housing/Inmate Disciplinary Programs, affirmed the hearing disposition on November 18, 2004. Id. at ¶ 35. Plaintiff then brought a proceeding pursuant to N.Y. C.P.L.R. Article 78 to review the Commissioner's determination. The Appellate Division, Third Department, dismissed the weapon possession charge for insufficient evidence and directed that all references thereto be expunged from plaintiff's record. Id. at ¶ 37; see Fernandez v. Goord, 27 A.D.3d 806 (3rd Dept. 2006). The Appellate Division further determined that plaintiff was afforded meaningful assistance from his employee assistant and that there was no merit to the assertions that Hearing Officer Schoellkopf was biased and improperly denied plaintiff the right to call witnesses. Id.
In accordance with the Appellate Division's determination, Director Selsky modified the hearing disposition by removing the guilty finding pertaining to the weapon possession charge.*fn1 Dkt. #32, ¶ 40.
D. Grievance Relating to the August 9, 2004 Incident
On August 12, 2004, plaintiff filed a grievance alleging that Callens slammed plaintiff's face and body into a wall and hit his left shoulder with a baton. He further alleged that Czarnecki and Callens spun him around and again slammed him into a wall. Id. at ¶ 41. Following an investigation, the Superintendent concluded that the use of force was consistent with the manner prescribed by DOCS rules. Plaintiff's grievance was denied, and an appeal was taken to CORC , which unanimously upheld the determination of the Superintendent denying the grievance, observing that the medical ...