Appeal from an order of the Supreme Court, Oneida County (Bernadette T. Clark, J.), entered February 8, 2010 in a personal injury action. The order dismissed the complaint after a non-jury trial on the issue of liability.
Fiebiger v Jay-k Lbr., Inc.
Appellate Division, Fourth Department
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Decided on February 10, 2011
PRESENT: SCUDDER, P.J., FAHEY, PERADOTTO, LINDLEY, AND MARTOCHE, JJ.
It is hereby ORDERED that the order so appealed from is unanimously affirmed without costs.
Memorandum: Plaintiff appeals from an order dismissing the complaint following a bench trial on the issue of liability. We affirm. "To establish a prima facie case of negligence in a [slip and fall] case, a plaintiff must show that the defendant either created the condition [that] caused the accident or that it had actual or constructive notice [thereof]" (Panetta v Phoenix Beverages, Inc., 29 AD3d 659). Here, the weight of the evidence supports Supreme Court's determination that defendant did not create or have actual or constructive notice of the hydraulic fluid spill that caused plaintiff's fall. Contrary to plaintiff's contention, the court's questions to witnesses did not deprive him of a fair trial, inasmuch as those questions sought only to clarify the testimony, and there was no indication of prejudice or bias against plaintiff (see Lewis v Port Auth. of N.Y. & N.J., 8 AD3d 205; Hemmerling v Barnes [appeal No. 2], 269 AD2d 752; Delcor Labs. v Cosmair, Inc., 263 AD2d 402, lv denied 94 NY2d 761, rearg denied 95 NY2d 792). Entered: February 10, 2011 Patricia L. Morgan Clerk of the Court
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