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William Anthony Evans v. United States of America

UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE SECOND CIRCUIT


April 6, 2011

WILLIAM ANTHONY EVANS, PETITIONER-APPELLANT,
v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, RESPONDENT-APPELLEE.

Appeal from a May 17, 2010 order of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York (Joseph F. Bianco, Judge).

10-2124-pr

Evans v. USA

SUMMARY ORDER

8 Rulings by summary order do not have precedential effect. Citation to summary orders 9 filed on or after January 1, 2007, is permitted and is governed by Federal Rule of Appellate 10 Procedure 32.1 and this court's Local Rule 32.1.1. When citing a summary order in a document 11 filed with this court, a party must cite either the Federal Appendix or an electronic database 12 (with the notation "summary order"). A party citing a summary order must serve a copy of it 13 on any party not represented by counsel. 14 15 At a stated term of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, held at the 16 Daniel Patrick Moynihan United States Courthouse, 500 Pearl Street, in the City of New York, 17 on the 6th day of April, two thousand and eleven.

19 PRESENT: 20 21 WILFRED FEINBERG, 22 JOHN M. WALKER, JR., 23 JOSE A. CABRANES, 24 Circuit Judges.

7 UPON DUE CONSIDERATION, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND 8 DECREED that the judgment of the District Court be AFFIRMED.

10 Petitioner-appellant William Anthony Evans ("Evans"), now incarcerated and pursuing this 11 appeal pro se, appeals from a May 17, 2010 order of the District Court denying as unripe his petition for a 12 writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241.

14 On December 7, 1988, Evans pleaded guilty to robbery of an employee of the United States 15 Postal Service, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 2114. On November 25, 1991, Evans was sentenced 16 principally to a term of 40 months' imprisonment, to be followed by a term of 5 years of supervised 17 release. At the time of his federal robbery conviction, Evans was serving a term of imprisonment of 25 18 years to life for multiple state robbery convictions. He remains incarcerated pursuant to that state 19 sentence, with an "earliest release date" of March 6, 2015. Upon his release from state custody, Evans 20 will begin serving his federal sentence. We assume the parties' familiarity with the remaining factual and 21 procedural history of the case.

23 In his petition for habeas corpus, Evans seeks credit toward his future federal sentence for time 24 served in state custody and for time during which he was erroneously released from state custody.*fn1 The 25 District Court denied Evans' petition as unripe because the Bureau of Prisons ("BOP") has not yet made 26 a credit computation regarding his federal sentence. We hold that the District Court properly denied the 27 petition. As we explained in United States v. Whaley, 148 F.3d 205 (2d Cir. 1998), "[t]he Attorney General, 28 through the BOP, possesses the sole authority to make credit determinations pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 29 § 3585(b); the district courts do not have authority to order the BOP to either grant or deny credit or to 30 disregard the BOP's calculations. Although prisoners may seek judicial review of the BOP's sentencing 31 determinations after exhausting their administrative remedies, the district court is without jurisdiction to 32 compute sentencing credit if a prisoner . . . has not sought administrative review." Id. at 206-07 (internal 33 citation omitted). Thus, the District Court may not render Evans' credit determination in the first 34 instance; rather, it may only review a decision by the BOP.

1 CONCLUSION

We have considered Evans' claims on appeal and find them to be without merit. The judgment of the District Court is AFFIRMED.

FOR THE COURT,

Catherine O'Hagan Wolfe, Clerk of Court


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