UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
April 27, 2011
SECURED SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, INC., PLAINTIFF
FRANK LILL & SON, INC., DEFENDANT
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Charles J. Siragusa United States District Judge
DECISION AND ORDER
This action involves a dispute arising from a construction contract for a project in the State of Connecticut. Plaintiff Secured Systems Technology, Inc. ("Plaintiff") is a New Jersey Corporation, and Defendant Frank Lill & Son, Inc. ("Defendant") is a New York corporation with its principal place of business in New York. Plaintiff maintains that the contract is governed by the law of the State of New York, while Defendant contends that the contract is governed by the law of the State of Connecticut. By Decision and Order (Docket No. [#73]) entered on June 17, 2010, the Court granted Plaintiff's objections to a non- dispositive decision by the Honorable Jonathan W. Feldman, United States Magistrate Judge, which had held that the subject contract was governed by the law of Connecticut. In sustaining Plaintiff's objections, this Court granted partial summary judgment to Plaintiff, and held that the parties' contract is governed by New York law. Now before the Court is Defendant's motion [#76] for reconsideration of the Court's Decision and Order [#73], pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure ("FRCP") 59(e). The application is denied.
FRCP 59(e) STANDARD
Plaintiff brings the subject motion pursuant to FRCP 59(e), and it is well settled that when making such a motion, the moving party must show that the Court overlooked the controlling decisions or factual matters that were put before the Court in the underlying motion. Nakano v. Jamie Sadock, Inc., No. 98 Civ. 0515, 2000 WL 1010825, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. July 20, 2000); Walsh v. McGee, 918 F.Supp. 107, 110 (S.D.N.Y.1996). However, in addition, "[a] court is justified in reconsidering its previous ruling if: (1) there is an intervening change in the controlling law; (2) new evidence not previously available comes to light; or (3) it becomes necessary to remedy a clear error of law or to prevent obvious injustice." See Nnebe v. Daus, No. 06 Civ. 4991, 2006 WL 2309588, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 7, 2006). New evidence, for these purposes, must be evidence that "could not have been found by due diligence." Word v. Croce, No. 01 Civ. 9614, 2004 WL 434038, at *4 (S.D.N.Y. March 9, 2004).
These rules are "narrowly construed and strictly applied so as to avoid repetitive arguments on issues that have been considered fully by the court."
See Walsh, 918 F.Supp. at 110. Strict application of these rules also "prevent[s] the practice of a losing party examining a decision and then plugging the gaps of the lost motion with additional matters." Polar Int'l Brokerage Corp. v. Reeve, 120 F.Supp.2d 267, 268-69 (S.D.N.Y. 2000). The moving party may not use a motion for reconsideration to advance new facts, arguments, or theories that were available but not previously presented to the Court. See Graham v. Sullivan, No. 86 Civ. 163, 2002 WL 31175181, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 23, 2002); Leonard v. Lowe's Home Ctrs., Inc., No. 00 Civ. 9585, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. April 12, 2002).
U.S. v. Billini, No. 99 CR. 156(JGK), 2006 WL 3457834 at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Nov. 22, 2006). A district court's decision to deny a motion under Rule 59(e) is reviewed on appeal for abuse of discretion. Munafo v. Metro. Transp. Auth., 381 F.3d 99, 105 (2d Cir. 2004).
A detailed description of the factual background of this motion was set forth in the Court's prior Decision and Order [#73] and need not be repeated here. Very briefly, the underlying motion for partial summary judgment involves the interpretation of a purchase order ("the purchase order") between Plaintiff and Defendant. Paragraph nine of the purchase order's "terms and conditions" states that, "[t]he contract arising from acceptance of this order shall be governed by the laws of the State of New York." The next paragraph, paragraph ten, states that the purchase order is subject to a separate agreement between Defendant and a third-party, Stone & Webster ("Stone & Webster"), as follows:
OWNER SPECIFICATIONS. This purchase order is subject to the Agreement between the Buyer [Defendant] and the Owner [Stone & Webster]. The conditions of the contract between between the Buyer and Owner including drawings, specifications, all Addenda issued prior to and all modifications issued after execution of the Agreement, are as fully a part of this purchase order as if repeated herein.
Significantly, the separate agreement between Defendant and Stone & Webster contained a Connecticut choice-of-law provision. Defendant maintains that pursuant to paragraph ten, the New York choice of law provision in paragraph nine was nullified, and the Connecticut choice-of-law provision in the separate agreement was incorporated into the purchase agreement instead. The Magistrate Judge determined that Connecticut law applied to the parties' dispute, and denied Plaintiff's motion for partial summary judgment. The undersigned sustained Plaintiff's objections to the Magistrate Judge's decision, and granted Plaintiff's motion for partial summary judgment, finding that New York law applies to the dispute. In that regard, the Court held that paragraph ten of the purchase order incorporated the specifications from the separate agreement, but not the Connecticut choice-of-law provision. The Court further held that it would reach the same outcome regardless of whether it applied New York law or Connecticut law.
In the subject motion for reconsideration, Defendant maintains that the Court erred in the following ways: 1) the Court assigned undue significance to the heading of paragraph ten of the purchase order ("Owner Specifications"), and failed to give proper meaning to the rest of that paragraph; 2) the Court's interpretation of paragraph ten was inconsistent with industry custom and usage; 3) the Court erred by failing to follow Connecticut law, under which the Connecticut choice-of-law provision would have been incorporated into the purchase order; 4) the Court did not give proper deference to the Magistrate Judge's decision; and 5) the Court improperly addressed certain issues sua sponte.
The Court has carefully reviewed the underlying decision and
Defendant's motion for reconsideration. The Court disagrees with all
of the points raised by Defendant, primarily for the same reasons
discussed in the underlying decision. For example, the Court did not
give undue weight to the heading of paragraph ten while ignoring the
rest of the paragraph, as Defendant suggests. Instead, the Court
interpreted the entire paragraph, as discussed in the prior decision.
The Court also believes that it reviewed the Magistrate Judge's
decision under the proper standard, which was set forth in the Court's
Decision and Order. Additionally, the Court disagrees that it
improperly raised issues sua sponte, which prejudiced Defendant. On
that point, Defendant contends that, "arguably," the Court decided,
without being asked to do so, "that the only part of the Agreement
[between Defendant and Stone & Webster] that was incorporated into the Purchase
Order was the specifications." Def. Memo of Law [#77] at 24. However,
that is incorrect. Instead, the Court found that the only parts of
that agreement which were incorporated by paragraph ten of the
purchase order were the specifications. As Defendant has shown, other
parts of the purchase order, such as paragraph eleven,*fn1
may incorporate other parts of that agreement. For all of
these reasons, the Court finds that Defendant has not met the standard
for reconsideration under FRCP 59(e).
Defendant's motion for reconsideration is denied. So Ordered.