SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Fourth Judicial Department
April 29, 2011
THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK,
Appeal from a judgment of the Erie County Court (Thomas P. Franczyk, J.), rendered February 25, 2010.
People v Tulloch
Appellate Division, Fourth Department
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Decided on April 29, 2011
PRESENT: SCUDDER, P.J., CENTRA, CARNI, SCONIERS, AND GREEN, JJ.
The judgment convicted defendant, after a non-jury trial, of criminal possession of a controlled substance in the fifth degree.
It is hereby ORDERED that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously affirmed.
Defendant appeals from a judgment convicting him upon a non-jury verdict of criminal possession of a controlled substance in the fifth degree (Penal Law § 220.06 ). Defendant failed to preserve for our review his contention that the evidence is legally insufficient to support the conviction except as it pertains to the element of physical or constructive possession of the controlled substance found on the floor of the back seat of the patrol car in which defendant was transported to the police station (see People v Gray, 86 NY2d 10, 19), and we conclude that the evidence is legally sufficient to establish that element (see generally People v Bleakley, 69 NY2d 490, 495). The bag of cocaine upon which the conviction of possession is based was discovered immediately after defendant was removed from that patrol car. The two arresting officers testified at trial that they had thoroughly searched the back of the patrol car a few hours prior to defendant's arrest and had found no contraband there, that defendant was the only person who had been in the back seat following their earlier search and that, while they were transporting defendant, they observed that he was making strange movements in the back seat of the patrol car, including crouching down and extending his legs. Given that testimony, we conclude that there is a "valid line of reasoning and permissible inferences" that could lead County Court to find that defendant possessed the cocaine found in the patrol car (id.; see People v Glover, 23 AD3d 688, 689, lv denied 6 NY3d 776; see generally People v McCoy, 266 AD2d 589, 591-592, lv denied 94 NY2d 905).
Viewing the evidence in light of the elements of the crime in this non-jury trial (see People v Danielson, 9 NY3d 342, 349), we reject defendant's further contention that the verdict is against the weight of the evidence (see generally Bleakley, 69 NY2d at 495). Finally, we reject defendant's contention that the sentence is unduly harsh and severe, particularly in view of defendant's lengthy criminal history and the fact that the sentence imposed was below the maximum sentence permitted by statute (see Penal Law § 70.70  [b] [iii]).
Entered: April 29, 2011
Patricia L. Morgan Clerk of the Court
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