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Odimba Kamango v. Facebook


May 19, 2011


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hon. Glenn T. Suddaby, United States District Judge


Currently before the Court in this pro se civil rights action filed by Odimba Kamango ("Plaintiff") are the following: (1) Plaintiff's Complaint (Dkt. No. 1); (2) United States Magistrate Judge Andrew T. Baxter's Order and Report-Recommendation recommending that the Complaint be dismissed in its entirety under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii), (iii) (Dkt. No. 3); and (3) Plaintiff's Objections to that Report-Recommendation (Dkt. No. 5). For the reasons set forth below, Plaintiff's Objections are rejected; the Report-Recommendation is accepted and adopted in its entirety; and Plaintiff's Complaint is dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e).


Plaintiff, who resides in Vienna, Austria, filed his Complaint in this action on April 15, 2011. (Dkt. No. 1.) Generally, construed with the utmost of special liberality, Plaintiff's Complaint alleges that, starting on January 4, 2011, "[F]acebook . . . [has] forb[bidden] [him from] . . . access[ing] . . . [his] [F]acebook account," purportedly because he had repeatedly, without authority, "sen[t] invitations to people [who he did] not know." (Id.) Based on this factual allegation, Plaintiff asserts claims based on the denial of his right to be free from "bias," and the denial of his right to "express [him]self." (Id.) Plaintiff requests no specific relief in his Complaint. (Id.) For a more detailed recitation of Plaintiff's claims and factual allegations in support thereof, the Court refers the reader to the Complaint in its entirety and to Magistrate Judge Baxter's Report-Recommendation. (Dkt. Nos. 1 and 3.)

On April 19, 2011, Magistrate Judge Baxter issued an Order and Report-Recommendation granting Plaintiff's motion to proceed in forma pauperis and recommending that Plaintiff's Complaint be dismissed for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted and frivolousness, pursuant to28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii), (iii). (Dkt. No. 3.)

In his Objections filed on May 10, 2011, Plaintiff argues that his claim of freedom of speech is premised on (1) "Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations General Assembly ("December 19, 1948 at Palais Chaillot, Paris)," and (2) the First Amendment of the United States Constitution. (Dkt. No. 5.) Plaintiff also argues that he has suffered "morally, mentally and Psychologically" as a result of Defendant's actions and requests relief in the amount of $10,000,000 U.S. dollars. (Id.)


A. Standard of Review Governing a Report-Recommendation

When specific objections are made to a magistrate judge's report-recommendation, the Court makes a "de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made." See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C).*fn1

When only general objections are made to a magistrate judge's report-recommendation, the Court reviews the report-recommendation for clear error or manifest injustice. See Brown v. Peters, 95-CV-1641, 1997 WL 599355, at *2-3 (N.D.N.Y. Sept. 22, 1997) (Pooler, J.) [collecting cases], aff'd without opinion, 175 F.3d 1007 (2d Cir. 1999).*fn2 Similarly, when a party makes no objection to a portion of a report-recommendation, the Court reviews that portion for clear error or manifest injustice. See Batista v. Walker, 94-CV-2826, 1995 WL 453299, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. July 31, 1995) (Sotomayor, J.) [citations omitted]; Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b), Advisory Committee Notes: 1983 Addition [citations omitted]. After conducing the appropriate review, the Court may "accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge." 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C).

B. Standard Governing Review of Plaintiff's Complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §1915(e)

Magistrate Judge Baxter correctly recited the legal standard governing a district court's review of complaints submitted by a plaintiff seeking to proceed in forma pauperis. (Dkt. No. 3.) As a result, this standard is incorporated by reference in this Decision and Order.


As an initial matter, the Court concludes that Plaintiff's Objection is not specific in nature. As a result, the Court need review Magistrate Judge Baxter's Report-Recommendation only for clear error.

After carefully reviewing all of the papers in this action, including Magistrate Judge Baxter's Report-Recommendation, and Plaintiff's Objections thereto, the Court concludes that the Report-Recommendation is thorough, well-reasoned and correct. Magistrate Judge Baxter employed the proper legal standards, accurately recited the facts, and reasonably applied the law to those facts. As a result, the Court adopts the Report-Recommendation for the reasons stated therein.

The Court would add only five brief points. First, it is unclear why Plaintiff, as a citizen of Vienna, Austria, suing a corporation that he does not allege is a citizen of New York, has commenced this action in the Northern District of New York. Second, setting aside the issue of jurisdiction, even liberally construing Plaintiff's Complaint as having been effectively amended by the factual allegations and requests for relief contained in his Objections, the Court finds that Magistrate Judge Baxter's Report-Recommendation is not clearly erroneous (and, indeed, would survive even a de novo review). Third, Plaintiff's claim under "Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations General Assembly" is futile for the reasons stated by United States Magistrate Judge George H. Lowe in Medina v. Pataki, 06-CV-0346, 2007 WL 1593029, at *9 (N.D.N.Y. March 26, 2007), rejected as moot on other grounds, 2007 WL 1577755 (N.D.N.Y. May 31, 2007) (Kahn, J.) (rejecting recommendation of dismissal as moot, because, after issuance of recommendation of dismissal, plaintiff voluntarily dismissed complaint). Fourth, Plaintiff's claim under the First Amendment is futile because the First Amendment applies only to governmental action (and he has alleged no facts plausibly suggesting such governmental action). See U.S. Const. amend. I ("Congress shall make no law . . . abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press . . . .") (emphasis added); Denver Area Educ. Telecomm. Consortium, Inc. v. F.C.C., 518 U.S. 727, 737 (1996) (recognizing that "the terms of" the First Amendment "apply to governmental action"). Fifth, and finally, the Court finds that the defects in Plaintiff's Complaint are substantive rather than merely formal, such that any amendment would be futile.*fn3


ORDERED that Magistrate Judge Baxter's Report-Recommendation (Dkt. No. 3) is ACCEPTED and ADOPTED in its entirety; and it is further

ORDERED that Plaintiff's Complaint (Dkt. No. 1) is DISMISSED in its entirety.

The Clerk is directed to enter judgment in favor of Defendant and close this case.

The Court hereby certifies, for purposes of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a) (3), that any appeal taken from this Decision and Order would not be taken in good faith.

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