Appeal from a judgment of the Oneida County Court (Barry M. Donalty, J.), rendered November 19, 2008. The judgment convicted defendant, upon a jury verdict, of criminal possession of a controlled substance in the third degree (two counts) and criminal possession of a controlled substance in the seventh degree (three counts).
Appellate Division, Fourth Department Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
PRESENT: SCUDDER, P.J., PERADOTTO, LINDLEY, GREEN, AND GORSKI, JJ.
It is hereby ORDERED that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously affirmed.
Defendant appeals from a judgment convicting him upon a jury verdict of two counts of criminal possession of a controlled substance in the third degree (Penal Law § 220.16 ) and three counts of criminal possession of a controlled substance in the seventh degree (§ 220.03). We reject defendant's contention that County Court erred in granting his request to proceed pro se. The request was unequivocal, and the court engaged in the requisite searching inquiry to ensure that defendant's waiver of the right to counsel was knowing, voluntary and intelligent (see People v Herman, 78 AD3d 1686, 1686-1687, lv denied 16 NY3d 831; People v Clark, 42 AD3d 957, 957-958, lv denied 9 NY3d 960). Indeed, we note that "[d]efendant's age, experience, education, prior exposure to the criminal justice system, firmness in his decision to represent himself, and performance in representing himself all indicate a knowing waiver" (People v Edwards, 140 AD2d 959, 960, lv denied 72 NY2d 915, 918, 1043, 1045). In addition, the record establishes that "[d]efendant had the benefit of standby counsel throughout the proceedings and proceeded at his own peril, fully aware of the consequences of his chosen course" (People v Cusamano, 22 AD3d 427, 428, lv denied 6 NY3d 775).
Defendant failed to preserve for our review his contentions that the court erred in admitting in evidence the expert testimony of an undercover narcotics officer and in failing to issue a limiting instruction with respect to that testimony (see CPL 470.05 ; People v Recore, 56 AD3d 1233, 1234-1235, lv denied 12 NY3d 761), and we decline to exercise our power to review those contentions as a matter of discretion in the interest of justice (see CPL 470.15  [a]). Defendant further contends that his conviction of criminal possession of a controlled substance in the third degree is not supported by legally sufficient evidence because the People failed to establish his intent to sell. Defendant also failed to preserve that contention for our review, inasmuch as he made only a general motion for a trial order of dismissal at the close of evidence (see People v Salaam, 46 AD3d 1130, 1131, lv denied 10 NY3d 816). Finally, the record does not support defendant's contention that he was denied his right to present a defense, and we conclude that the sentence is not unduly harsh or severe.
Patricia L. Morgan Clerk of the Court
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