UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
July 7, 2011
MISTIE A. BRIGGS, PLAINTIFF,
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE, COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY, DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Scullin, Senior Judge
MEMORANDUM-DECISION AND ORDER
In a Report and Recommendation dated March 4, 2011, Magistrate Judge Bianchini recommended that this Court grant Defendant's motion for judgment on the pleadings, deny Plaintiff's motion for judgment on the pleadings, and dismiss Plaintiff's complaint. See Report and Recommendation ("Report-Rec.") at 2. Currently before the Court are Magistrate Judge Bianchini's Report and Recommendation*fn1 and Plaintiff's objections thereto. See Report-Rec.; Plaintiff's Objections ("Pltf. Obj.").
Plaintiff objects to the following: (1) the ALJ's assessment of her foot impairment, (2) the ALJ's finding that her mental impairments are not of Listing-level severity, (3) the ALJ's residual functional capacity ("RFC") determination, (4) the ALJ's assessment of Plaintiff's credibility, and (5) the ALJ's use of the Grids to inform his determination that work exists in the national economy that she can perform. See Pltf. Obj. at 3.
A. Standard of review
When reviewing a magistrate judge's report and recommendation, a district court judge "make[s] a de novo determination of those portions of the [magistrate judge's] report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made." 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C). "'"If, however, the party makes only conclusory or general objections, or simply reiterates his original arguments, the court reviews the report and recommendation only for clear error."'" Salmini v. Astrue, No. 3:06-CV-458, 2009 WL 1794741, *1 (N.D.N.Y. June 23, 2009) (quoting [Farid v. Bouey, 554 F. Supp. 2d 301] at 306 [(N.D.N.Y. 2008)] (quoting McAllan v. Von Essen, 517 F. Supp. 2d 672, 679 (S.D.N.Y. 2007))). The district court also reviews for clear error those portions of a report-recommendation to which a party does not object. See Lawton v. Astrue, No. 7:10-CV-256, 2010 WL 4810604, *1 (N.D.N.Y. Nov. 18, 2010) (citation omitted). After applying the correct standard of review, "[a] judge of the court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge." 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(c).
When reviewing the Commissioner's final decision, a court must determine whether the ALJ applied the correct legal standards and whether substantial evidence supports his decision. See Urtz v. Callahan, 965 F. Supp. 324, 326 (N.D.N.Y. 1997) (citing Johnson v. Bowen, 817 F.2d 983, 985 (2d Cir. 1987)). Absent legal error, a court will uphold the Commissioner's final decision if there is substantial evidence to support it. See 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). The Supreme Court has defined substantial evidence to mean "'more than a mere scintilla'" of evidence and "'such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion.'" Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 401 (1971) (quotation omitted).
B. Plaintiff's objections
1. Plaintiff's foot impairment
In his Report and Recommendation, Magistrate Judge Bianchini noted that Plaintiff's treating orthopedist, Dr. Lemley, concluded that Plaintiff's foot impairment was minimal.
See Report-Rec. at 7-8. In addition, although Dr. Lemley, in interpreting Plaintiff's x-rays, noted "some degree of metatarsus adductus, increased metatarsal angle, and bunion deformity left greater than right," he determined that these conditions were unlikely to result in chronic pain. See Administrative Record ("AR") at 236. Moreover, consultative examiner Dr. Weiskopf indicated that Plaintiff was physically active, playing basketball, cooking, cleaning, and shopping. See id. at 194. Plaintiff's gait was normal, and she ambulated without difficulty; as a result, Dr. Weiskopf concluded that she was not limited in the areas of sitting, standing, or walking. See id. at 194, 196.
Given Dr. Lemley's and Dr. Weiskopf's findings, the Court concludes that substantial medical evidence exists to support the ALJ's finding that Plaintiff's foot impairments do not substantially affect her ability to perform basic work-related activities. Accordingly, the Court accepts this portion of Magistrate Judge Bianchini's Report and Recommendation.
2. Plaintiff's mental impairment
Plaintiff contended that she was entitled to Disability and Insurance Benefits ("DIB") and Supplemental Security Income ("SSI") because her condition met or medically equaled subsections B, C, and D of § 12.05 of 20 C.F.R. Part 404, Subpart P, Appendix 1 (the "Listings"). To satisfy subsection 12.05(B), a claimant must have an IQ of 59 or less. See 20 C.F.R., Part 404, Subpart P, Appendix 1, § 12.05(B). To satisfy subsection 12.05(C), a claimant must demonstrate significantly below-average intellectual functioning prior to age 22, an IQ between 60 and 70, and a physical or additional mental impairment. See 20 C.F.R. Part 404, Subpart P, Appendix 1, § 12.05(C). To satisfy subsection 12.05(D), a claimant must demonstrate an IQ between 60 and 70 that results in marked limitations in two of the following domains: (1) activities of daily living; (2) maintaining social functioning; (3) maintaining concentration, persistence, or pace; or (4) repeated episodes of extended decompensation. See 20 C.F.R. Part 404, Subpart P, Appendix 1, § 12.05(D).
Magistrate Judge Bianchini found that the ALJ was correct when he
determined that Plaintiff could not demonstrate that her medical
condition met or medically equaled § 12.05 of the Listings. See
Report-Rec. at 13. Magistrate Judge Bianchini reasoned that
substantial evidence supported the ALJ's finding that, although
Plaintiff could prove that she met the IQ requirement of § 12.05,
she could not prove that she met any of the other requirements.*fn2
See Report-Rec. at 16.
In light of Plaintiff's IQ scores, substantial evidence exists to support the ALJ's finding that Plaintiff's mental limitations fall short of the severity required to qualify for benefits under Listing § 12.05(B). Other substantial medical evidence supports the ALJ's determination that Plaintiff does not meet the requirements of § 12.05. First, as previously discussed, substantial evidence indicates that Plaintiff's foot impairment is not severe, which precludes Plaintiff from meeting the requirements of § 12.05(C). In addition, Dr. Noia concluded that Plaintiff was capable of understanding and following simple instructions and directions, performing simple tasks, and maintaining attention and concentration. See AR at 191. He also opined that Plaintiff could maintain a schedule and regularly attend to a routine, learn new tasks, and make simple appropriate decisions. See id. He further determined that Plaintiff could relate to others "moderately well" and that she seemed able to handle some level of stress. See id. Dr. Noia's findings indicate that Plaintiff does not meet the criteria of § 12.05(D).
P. Kudler, a non-examining State Agency consultant, also reviewed Plaintiff's records and concluded that she experienced moderate limitations regarding activities of daily living; mild difficulties maintaining social functioning; and moderate difficulties in maintaining concentration, persistence, or pace. See id. at 207. P. Kudler's opinion also represented substantial evidence that the combination of Plaintiff's physical and mental problems were not severe enough to meet the requirements of § 12.05(D).*fn3
Accordingly, the Court accepts this portion of Magistrate Judge Bianchini's Report and Recommendation.
3. Plaintiff's RFC
Magistrate Judge Bianchini determined that substantial evidence in the record supported the ALJ's RFC assessment of Plaintiff. See Report-Rec. at 19. The ALJ found that Plaintiff could perform a full range of unskilled work. See AR at 17. Magistrate Judge Bianchini pointed to Dr. Noia's opinion that Plaintiff could understand and follow simple directions, perform simple tasks either with supervision or independently, and maintain concentration for tasks. See Report-Rec. at 19. In addition, Dr. Noia opined that Plaintiff could attend to a routine and maintain a schedule, learn simple new tasks, and make appropriate decisions. See AR at 191.
Furthermore, Magistrate Judge Bianchini found that the State agency consultant supported the ALJ's RFC determination of Plaintiff. See Report-Rec. at 19. In particular, the State agency consultant concluded that Plaintiff was not significantly limited regarding her ability to understand, remember, and carry out short and simple instructions; maintain attention and concentration for extended periods; perform activities within a schedule; and sustain an ordinary routine. See AR at 211.
Magistrate Judge Bianchini also concluded that Plaintiff's hearing testimony indicated that she possessed work abilities that were consistent with the ALJ's RFC assessment. See Report-Rec. at 19. Plaintiff testified that she was working approximately thirty hours per week as a janitor at Oswego Elementary School. See AR at 31-32. She testified to experiencing foot pain and swelling, as well as decreased concentration when around large groups of people, but she also characterized the job as "easy" and stated that she could perform her duties and maintain a routine. See AR at 33-34, 45, 47. Plaintiff stated that her daily activities included going to the movies, washing laundry, and cleaning. See AR at 39.
Upon review of the record and of Magistrate Judge Bianchini's Report and Recommendation, the Court finds that the ALJ followed the correct procedure when, in light of the fact that Plaintiff had no past relevant work, he determined that Plaintiff could perform unskilled work. Both the ALJ and Magistrate Judge Bianchini cited evidence in the record that was relevant to the considerations set forth in the Medical-Vocational Guidelines for determining the RFC of mentally impaired claimants. An examination of this evidence revealed that substantial evidence, in the form of medical opinions and Plaintiff's own testimony, supported the ALJ's finding that, although Plaintiff suffered from some limitation, she could perform unskilled work.*fn4 Accordingly, the Court accepts this portion of Magistrate Judge Bianchini's Report and Recommendation.
4. Plaintiff's credibility
Magistrate Judge Bianchini found that substantial evidence supported the ALJ's assessment that Plaintiff's statements regarding the intensity, persistence, and limiting effects of her symptoms were not credible to the extent alleged. See Report-Rec. at 22. Magistrate Judge Bianchini referred to reports from Drs. Lemley and Weiskopf, and Mr. Kudler, as well as Plaintiff's own testimony, as evidence that supported the ALJ's conclusion. See id. In particular, Magistrate Judge Bianchini described Plaintiff's daily activities and her assessment of her job as "easy" as corroborative of the ALJ's determination. See id.
In addition, Magistrate Judge Bianchini stated that the lack of objective medical evidence of a severely disabling foot impairment also supported the ALJ's conclusion. See Report-Rec. at 23; see also Dumas v. Schweiker,712 F.2d 1545, 1553 (2d Cir. 1983) (stating that "[t]he Secretary is entitled to rely not only on what the record says, but also on what it does not say" (citations omitted)). Only PA-C Olsen's suggestion that Plaintiff might need help with some daily living activities indicated that Plaintiff suffered from any limitations concerning her feet. However, the record contained no evidence, such as a test result or more serious diagnosis, that Plaintiff lacked the ability to perform unskilled work. See id.
Given the opinions of Drs. Lemley and Weiskopf, and Mr. Kudler, as well as Plaintiff's hearing testimony, and the lack of objective clinical or diagnostic evidence, substantial evidence supports the ALJ's finding that Plaintiff's statements of pain could not overcome the medical evidence to the contrary; therefore, no further articulation of Plaintiff's credibility was necessary. See Francis v. Astrue, No. 3:09-CV-1826, 2010 WL 3432839, *4 (D. Conn. Aug. 30, 2010) (holding that, where an ALJ assesses a plaintiff's subjective statements of pain in light of medical evidence that indicates that the plaintiff can work and finds that the plaintiff's statements cannot overcome the medical evidence to the contrary, "there is no need for further articulation by the ALJ regarding the plaintiff's credibility"). In addition, the ALJ examined the 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1529(c)(3)(i)-(vi), 416.929(c)(3)(i)-(vi) considerations where he discussed Plaintiff's alleged symptoms in light of her daily activities and where he noted the location, frequency, and intensity of Plaintiff's foot pain and the precipitating and aggravating factors behind it. See AR at 17. Accordingly, the Court accepts this portion of Magistrate Judge Bianchini's Report and Recommendation.
5. Use of the Grids
At step five of the five-step sequential evaluation process, the ALJ considers a claimant's vocational factors (age, education, and work experience), together with her RFC, to determine whether she can perform work that exists in significant numbers in the national economy. See 20 C.F.R. § 416.920(g). The ALJ may rely on the Medical-Vocational Guidelines (the "Grids") as part of his step-five determination where the claimant's limitations have not significantly compromised her occupational base. See 20 C.F.R. § 416.969a(d) (providing that, where a claimant suffers from a non-exertional limitation, and where exertional problems also affect her working ability, the ALJ may use the Grids to determine whether the claimant is capable of work); 20 C.F.R. Part 404, Subpart P, Appendix 2, Section 200.00(e) (providing that, where a claimant has strength limitations and non-exertional limitations, the ALJ may evaluate her work ability in light of the Grids); see also Bapp v. Bowen, 802 F.2d 601, 603 (2d Cir. 1986) (holding that "the mere existence of a non-exertional impairment does not automatically require the production of a vocational expert nor preclude reliance on the guidelines")
Magistrate Judge Bianchini concluded that substantial evidence in the record supported the ALJ's use of the Grids to evaluate Plaintiff. See Report-Rec. at 26. The ALJ concluded that Plaintiff's non-exertional limitations had no effect on her ability to perform at all exertional levels. See AR at 19. Magistrate Judge Bianchini found that the opinions of Dr. Weiskopf and P. Kudler, as well as the evidence regarding Plaintiff's work abilities and activities of daily living, supported the ALJ's finding. See Report-Rec. at 26. In addition, this evidence supports the ALJ's finding that Plaintiff was capable of understanding, carrying out, and remembering simple instructions; responding appropriately to supervision, co-workers, and usual work situations; and dealing with changes in a routine work setting. See SSR 85-15, 1985 WL 56857, *4 (1985).
Moreover, Plaintiff's objection regarding her foot issues falters because the ALJ already determined that any limitations that Plaintiff's feet caused did not affect her ability to perform basic work activities. Furthermore, Plaintiff's objection as to the ALJ's implication that her limitation was severe is unpersuasive because, although the ALJ found that it was a severe impairment, he also found that it was not of Listings-level severity. Accordingly, the Court accepts this portion of Magistrate Judge Bianchini's Report and Recommendation.
6. New Evidence
Magistrate Judge Bianchini stated that the evidence in question, the Central New York Development Services Office's ("CNYDSO") finding that Plaintiff had a developmental disability and qualified for support services, was actually made in March of 2009, but Plaintiff had claimed that it was from March 2007. See Report-Rec. at 28. Consequently, it was part of the record before the ALJ and not new evidence. See id.*fn5 Plaintiff did not object to this finding. Consequently, the Court reviewed Magistrate Judge Bianchini's determination regarding this issue for clear error. Having done so, the Court finds that this evidence is not new and accepts this portion of Magistrate Judge Bianchini's Report and Recommendation.
Accordingly, after carefully considering Magistrate Judge Bianchini's Report and Recommendation, Plaintiff's objections thereto, as well as the applicable law, and for the above-stated reasons, the Court hereby
ORDERS that Magistrate Judge Bianchini's March 4, 2011 Report and Recommendation is ACCEPTED in its entirety for the reasons stated therein; and the Court further
ORDERS that Defendant's motion for judgment on the pleadings is GRANTED; and the Court further
ORDERS that Plaintiff's motion for judgment on the pleadings is DENIED; and the Court further
ORDERS that the Commissioner's decision is AFFIRMED, and Plaintiff's complaint is DISMISSED; and the Court further
ORDERS that the Clerk of the Court shall enter judgment in favor of Defendant and close this case.
IT IS SO ORDERED.