Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Ignacio Reynoso, 86a5178. v. Selsky et al

August 2, 2011


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Charles J. Siragusa United States District Judge



Siragusa, J. Before the Court is Plaintiff's motion (Doc. No. 74) for partial summary judgment pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56. The Defendants have filed a motion (Doc. No. 83) to dismiss pursuant to Rule 41(b) and Local Rule 5.2(d) for Plaintiff's failure to prosecute. For the reasons stated below, Plaintiff's motion is denied and Defendants' motion is granted.


In its initial Decision and Order (Doc. No. 5), filed on July 18, 2002, the Court reviewed Plaintiff's complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2)(B) and 1915A(a) and dismissed his Equal Protection claims, his Eighth Amendment and due process claims pertaining to a three-day water deprivation order, his denial of parole release and time allowance claims, his conspiracy claim under 28 U.S.C. § 1985, and dismissed his due process claim concerning the January 11, 1999, Elmira Correctional Facility disciplinary hearing. The Court allowed Plaintiff's due process claims pertaining to the February 25, 1999, and March 2001 disciplinary hearings to proceed. On April 27, 2007, the Court granted summary judgment to Defendants (Doc. No. 53). Plaintiff appealed, and on September 10, 2008, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit reversed the Court's decision in part, writing,

As the Appellees admirably concede, there is a genuine issue of material fact that precludes summary judgment on the Appellant's due process claim against Correction Officer Held arising out of the March 2001 disciplinary proceed-ing..Overlapping disciplinary penalties may, under some circumstances, have to be aggregated for purposes of determining whether a liberty interest was violated.

Reynoso v. Selsky, 292 Fed. Appx. 120, 122, 2008 WL 4162921, *1 (2d Cir. Sept. 10, 2008). The remainder of this Court's decision was affirmed, and only the claim against Correction Officer Held was remanded for further consideration. Id. at 5. The Court held a video conference with Plaintiff and defense counsel on March 30, 2009, wherein settlement was discussed, and the Court subsequently issued an amended scheduling order, requiring, inter alia, that motions be filed by June 30, 2009. That date was extended by the Court on May 7, July 13, August 3, September 30 and October 29, 2009, all at Defendants' request. On December 7, 2009, Plaintiff filed a notice of interlocutory appeal from this Court's Decision and Order (Doc. No. 73) denying reconsideration of the Court's original Decision and Order (Doc. No. 53) granting summary judgment to Defendants and denying Plaintiff's cross-motion for summary judgment. That appeal was dismissed by the Second Circuit on June 1, 2010 (Doc. No. 82).

On February 19, 2010, the Court entered an Order (Doc. No. 79) granting Defendants' request for a further extension of the dispositive motion deadline, requiring Defendant's response to Plaintiff's motion for summary judgment (Doc. No. 74) be filed no later than 60 days following the Second Circuit's decision on the interlocutory appeal, and staying consideration of Plaintiff's pending motion. On March 3, 2010, Plaintiff filed what the Clerk termed as "Plaintiff's Objections to Order re: 79, Request for Judgment Under Rule 11 and Recusal of the Judge" (Doc. No. 80). The Court denied the "Objections" motion (Doc. No. 81).

Presently, Defendants contend that Plaintiff has failed to update his address as required by the Federal and Local Rules of Civil Procedure (Doc. No. 84). Plaintiff was discharged from the New York State Department of Corrections on March 23, 2010, and released to the custody of Immigration and Customs Enforcement ("ICE") where he was detained pending deportation. See Inmate Population Information Search, (last visited Jul. 13, 2011). On April 22, 2010, Plaintiff's mail from the Court was returned as undeliverable. Defendants argue that because there is no longer a record of Plaintiff in the ICE Detainee Locator System, he has presumably been deported to his native country, Dominican Republic. In an effort to determine Plaintiff's circumstances, the Court contacted immigration authorities, and was advised that Plaintiff was deported to Dominican Republic on April 7, 2010. The ICE Online Detainee Locator System, (last visited Jul. 13, 2011), only contains the names of detainees currently in ICE custody and those who have been released within the last 60 days. Because Plaintiff was removed from the United States well over one year ago, his name and A-number (019401984) with a birth country of Dominican Republic are not currently in the online system. Plaintiff has not responded in opposition to the Defendants' motion and likewise has not contacted the Court since April 1, 2010, nor provided the Court with a current address as required by Loc.R.Civ.P. 5.2(d).


Failure to Prosecute: Federal Rule 41(b)

Rule 41(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides, in pertinent part, that "[f]or failure of the plaintiff to prosecute or to comply with these rules or any order of court, a defendant may move for dismissal of an action or of any claim against the defendant." Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b). Since a Rule 41(b) dismissal is considered to be a "harsh remedy," it is "appropriate only in extreme circumstances." Lucas v. Miles, 84 F.3d 532, 535 (2d Cir. 1996). Furthermore, where the plaintiff is pro se, "courts 'should be especially hesitant to dismiss for procedural deficiencies ....'" Spencer v. Doe, 139 F.3d 107, 112 (2d Cir. 1998) (quoting Lucas, 84 F.3d at 535); see also Triestman v. Fed. Bureau of Prisons, 470 F.3d 471, 477 (2006). In determining whether dismissal for failure to prosecute is appropriate, the Second Circuit has instructed that the reviewing court should consider the following five factors:

1) the duration of plaintiff's failures; 2) whether plaintiff had received notice that further delays would result in dismissal; 3) whether the defendant is likely to be prejudiced by further delay; 4) a balancing of the need to alleviate court calendar congestion with a party's right to due process; and 5) the efficacy of lesser sanctions.

Alvarez v. Simmons Market Research Bureau Inc., 839 F.2d 930, 932 (2d Cir.1988) (citing Harding v. Federal Reserve Bank of ...

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.