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The People of the State of v. Bruce S. Yelich

State of New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division Third Judicial Department


August 4, 2011

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK EX REL. LEVI HOWARD, APPELLANT,
v.
BRUCE S. YELICH, AS SUPERINTENDENT OF BARE HILL CORRECTIONAL FACILITY, ET AL., RESPONDENTS.

Appeal from a judgment of the Supreme Court (Feldstein, J.), entered December 1, 2010 in Franklin County, which denied petitioner's application for a writ of habeas corpus, in a proceeding pursuant to CPLR article 70, without a hearing.

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

Calendar Date: June 8, 2011

Before: Peters, J.P., Lahtinen, Malone Jr., McCarthy and Garry, JJ.

Petitioner was serving a lengthy prison sentence that was to have reached its maximum expiration date in 2009. After being released to parole supervision in 2007, he absconded and was eventually arrested in Pennsylvania on an unrelated charge, for which he served a prison sentence in that state. He was returned to New York in 2010 and pleaded guilty to violating his parole upon the understanding that he would be held for an additional 12 months. After New York officials declined to count the time that petitioner was incarcerated in Pennsylvania toward his prison sentence, he commenced this habeas corpus proceeding to challenge the legality of his continued detention. Supreme Court dismissed the petition, and petitioner appeals.

Initially, although petitioner has been released to parole supervision during the pendency of this appeal, inasmuch as his arguments call into question the calculation of his sentence's maximum expiration date, we decline to dismiss the appeal as moot. Instead, we will consider this habeas corpus proceeding as a CPLR article 78 proceeding and address the merits (see CPLR 103 [c]; People ex rel. Catts v Haggett, 67 AD3d 1315, 1316 [2009]; cf. People ex rel. Schoenwandt v Travis, 23 AD3d 806 [2005]).

When petitioner was declared delinquent on his parole release in July 2007, his New York sentence was interrupted and did not resume until his return to an institution under the jurisdiction of the Department of Correctional Services in May 2010 (see Penal Law § 70.40 [3] [a]). While his Pennsylvania sentence was apparently intended to run concurrently with the undischarged portion of his New York sentence, it was incumbent upon the Pennsylvania authorities to return him to New York to effectuate that intent (see Penal Law § 70.40 [3]; 42 Pa Cons Stat § 9761 [b] [West 2007]; see also Penal Law § 70.20 [3]; § 70.30 [2-a]). Inasmuch as they did not do so, his sentence was properly calculated.

Peters, J.P., Lahtinen, Malone Jr., McCarthy and Garry, JJ., concur.

ORDERED that the judgment is affirmed, without costs.

ENTER:

Robert D. Mayberger Clerk of the Court

20110804

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