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Jhonny Edgardo v. Amkc Facility Medical Center C-95 East Elmhurst

August 11, 2011


The opinion of the court was delivered by: John Gleeson, United States District Judge:


Plaintiff, currently incarcerated at Rikers Island Correctional Facility, brings this 42 U.S.C. § 1983 pro se action against the Anna M. Kross Center ("AMKC") at Rikers Island, alleging denial of medical care. Plaintiff's request to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 is granted. For the reasons stated below, plaintiff's claim against defendant is dismissed. Plaintiff is granted 30 days leave to submit an amended complaint, as detailed below.


Plaintiff's statement of claim, in its entirety, states: "I went to medical last year (Exhibit 'A,' 'B,') about my Gull stones [sic] now its going on 18 months, and I need help bad, my health is getting wrost [sic]." (Compl. ¶ IV.) Plaintiff seeks monetary damages.


A. The Legal Standard

In reviewing plaintiff's complaint, the Court is mindful that because plaintiff is proceeding pro se,his submissions should be held "to less stringent standards than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers." Hughes v. Rowe, 449 U.S. 5, 9 (1980) (citations omitted); see also Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007); McEachin v. McGuinnis, 357 F.3d 197 (2d Cir. 2004). Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915A, a district court "shall review, before docketing, if feasible or, in any event, as soon as practicable after docketing, a complaint in a civil action in which a prisoner seeks redress from a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity." 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). Upon review, the district court shall dismiss a prisoner complaint sua sponte if the complaint is "frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted; or seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief." Id. § 1915A(b); see Abbas v. Dixon, 480 F.3d 636, 639 (2d Cir. 2007); Liner v. Goord, 196 F.3d 132, 134 & n.1 (2d Cir. 1999) (noting that under the Prison Litigation Reform Act, sua sponte dismissal of frivolous prisoner complaints is not only permitted but mandatory).

B. Analysis

In order to maintain a § 1983 action, a plaintiff must allege two elements.

First, "the conduct complained of must have been committed by a person acting under color of state law." Pitchell v. Callan, 13 F.3d 545, 547 (2d Cir. 1994) (citation omitted). Second, "the conduct complained of must have deprived a person of rights, privileges or immunities secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States." Id. Section 1983 "does not create a federal right or benefit; it simply provides a mechanism for enforcing a right or benefit established elsewhere." Morris-Hayes v. Bd. of Educ. of Chester Union Free Sch. Dist., 423 F.3d 153, 159 (2d Cir. 2005) (citing Oklahoma City v. Tuttle, 471 U.S. 808, 816 (1985)).

At the outset, I note that plaintiff's complaint fails to name a proper defendant. Plaintiff may not bring a § 1983 action against the medical center at Rikers Island Correctional Facility, because it is an entity not amenable to suit. See Brown v. Inst. for Cmty. Living, 2010 WL 2400081, at *3 (E.D.N.Y. June 10, 2010) (claim against Rikers Island fails because it is a prison facility and not considered a "person" for purposes of § 1983 liability).

Secondly, although the Eighth Amendment prohibits the infliction of "cruel and unusual punishment" of inmates, see Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825, 832 (1994), Edgardo has not stated a viable claim under the Eighth Amendment. In order to establish a claim for inadequate medical care, which is a form of cruel and unusual punishment prohibited by the Eighth Amendment, see Farmer, 511 U.S. at 832, "a prisoner must prove 'deliberate indifference to [his] serious medical needs.'" Chance v. Armstrong, 143 F.3d 698, 702 (2d Cir. 1998) (quoting Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 104 (1976)). Plaintiff must prove both the objective prong, that the deprivation of care for his medical condition was "sufficiently serious," id. (quoting Hathaway v. Coughlin, 37 F.3d 63, 66 (2d Cir. 1994)), and the subjective prong, that the defendant "act[ed] with a sufficiently culpable state of mind." Hathaway, 37 F.3d at 66 (citing Wilson v. Setter, 501 U.S. 294, 298 (1991)); see Hobson v. Fischer, 2011 WL 891314, at *4 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 14, 2011). Here, although plaintiff alleges that he was denied medical care for approximately eighteen months, he fails to name any defendants who are responsible for the alleged denial of medical care. See Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S. Ct. 1937, 1948 (2009) ("a plaintiff must plead that each Government-official defendant, through the official's own individual actions, violated the Constitution.").

C. Leave to Amend

In light of plaintiff's pro se status and the nature of his allegations, he is afforded 30 days to amend his complaint to name proper defendant(s). See, e.g., Davis v. Goord, 320 F.3d 346, 352 (2d Cir. 2003) (citing Gomez v. USAA Fed. Sav. Bank, 171 F.3d 794, 795 (2d Cir. 1999) ("[T]he court should not dismiss without granting leave to amend at least once when a liberal reading of the [pro se] complaint gives any indication that a valid claim might be stated." (alteration in original))). Should plaintiff choose to file an amended complaint, he must name as defendants those individuals who have some personal involvement in the actions he alleges in the amended complaint, see Wright v. Smith, 21 F.3d 496, 501 (2d Cir. 1994) (noting that personal involvement of defendants in alleged constitutional deprivations is a prerequisite to an award of damages under ยง 1983), and identify each defendant in both the caption and the body of the amended complaint. If plaintiff does not know the ...

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