UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
August 19, 2011
JOHN PICKERING-GEORGE, (ADOPTED) JOHN R. DALEY, JR., PLAINTIFF,
LANDLORD MANAGEMENT [SIC], 100 W. 174 LLC, INTERFAITH MEDICAL CENTER EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT, MONTEFIORE FAMILY HEALTH CENTER, URBAN HEALTH PLAN, INC. HEALTH CARE CENTER, DIVISION OF TENANT RESOURCES HQS INSPECTIONS, NEW YORK STATE GOVERNMENT LISTING #311, NEW YORK CITY POLICE DEPARTMENT BRONX 46TH PRECINCT, DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Seybert, District Judge:
On July 5, 2011, pro se Plaintiff John Pickering-George (adopted) John R. Daley, Jr., ("Plaintiff") filed his Complaint against Landlord Management [sic], 100 W. 174 LLC, Interfaith Medical Center Emergency Department, Montefiore Family Health Center, Urban Health Plan, Inc. Health Care Center, Division of Tenant Resources Hqs Inspections, New York State Government Listing #311, and the New York City Police Department Bronx 46th Precinct (collectively, "Defendants"). Accompanying the Complaint is an application to proceed in forma pauperis. For the reasons that follow, the Court grants Plaintiff's request to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a), but sua sponte dismisses the Complaint.
Plaintiff, who is no stranger to this Court,*fn1 has filed yet another incomprehensible handwritten Complaint. The forty-six (46) page purported class action Complaint is largely a compilation of sections from the United States Constitution, the United States Code, the Code of Federal Regulations, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, and the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, (see Compl. at pages 20-25), as well as a list of disjointed "claims" Plaintiff labels as "Lower Federal Court Class Actions of Proceedings United States Supreme Court Class Actions or Proceedings." (Id. at pages 26-41). For example, Plaintiff's "claims" section simply lists:
1) Adequacy of Representation.
2) Antitrust Cases.
3) Attorney Fees.
5) Burden of Proof.
7) Children and Minors.
8) Co-Lead Counsel.
9) College Students or Faculty.
10) Commonality Requirement.
11) Communication Among Class Members.
12) Compromise and Settlement.
13) Conclusiveness of Judgment.
14) Conditional Certification.
15) Condominium Interests. (Compl. at page 25). The Complaint continues in this fashion, listing an additional 244 items. (Id. at pages 25-36). Plaintiff next lists his "General Pleadings", which is nothing more than an itemized list of 122 disjointed subjects, such as "adoption of allegations", "affidavit of claims or cause of action", "animal behavior, negligent act or omission", "animal property rights in, liability for injury or damage by an animal", "animal trapping officals duty, appendix", "answer, judicial response, noun", and "antitrust violations, hospitals and physicians, appendix." (Id. at pages 37-41). The Complaint next includes similar lists under the headings "Federal Constitutional Pleadings" and "McKinney Pleadings", followed by a statement of relief sought. (Id. at pages 42-43).
Plaintiff seeks "injunctive, mandatory, preventative, prohibitory, prospective relive, injunction, also declaratory relief and monetary damage, damages relief, other relief specified . . . ." and
MOVES THE COURT FOR "GENERAL COURT ORDER" DNA SEARCH OF PREMISES FOR ANIMAL, AMPHIBIAN, SNAKE, TOXIN, TOXIC, TOXICITY VENOM, VENOMOUS, WITHIN THE CEILINGS, FLOORS, FLOOR BEAMS, AND WALLS OF MYCOTOXIN PLACE AND THE REMOVAL OF SUCH. DIRECTING THE U.S. ATTORNEY, THE BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION, ALSO THE BRONX, NYC POLICE DEPARTMENT, ANIMAL TRAPPER OFFICIALS AND OTHER DEPARTMENTS ENCLOSED LISTED TO PROVIDE COUNSELS WITH, COPIES OF INVESTIGATIVE REPORTS, FINDINGS. (Id. at pages 3-4) (emphasis in original). Plaintiff then describes that he is:
AN (ADVOCATI-ADVOCATE, BLACK, HISPANIC-LATIN, MEXICAN RASTAFARIAN, RASTAFARIANISM) AND "HAS-HAVE" NUMEROUS CIVIL RIGHTS ACTIONS, EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT ACTIONS, ALL JURY TRIAL DEMAND WITH VOLUMOUS [SIC] EXHIBITS DOCKETED FILED IN FEDERAL COURTS. (Id. at page 6) (emphasis in original). The Complaint continues:
. . . PLAINTIFF LEFT THE APARTMENT, CAUSE, REASON (NOUN), MOTIVE, ASSOCIATED CONCEPTS, COMPONENTS OF VENOM, VENOMOUS RECOGNIZED, APPENDIX, COURT ORDERS FOR INVESTIGATION ANIMAL TOXIN VENOM, VENOMOUS, TOXIC, TOXICITY, WILD ANIMALS-VICIOUS PROPENSITIES OF AMPHIBIANS, SNAKE, REPTILE VENOM, APPENDIX. (Id. at page 8). The Complaint then describes Plaintiff's visits to the various health care center-Defendants, and of his attempts to be treated for his alleged "ANIMAL TOXIN VENOM EXPOSURE." (Id. at pages 9-13). Apparently dissatisfied, Plaintiff alleges that he unsuccessfully attempted to file a police report, and that he also sought to lodge a complaint via the #311 telephone number for New York City.*fn2 Id.
For relief, Plaintiff lists another fifty (50) nonsensical separate items, such as "alternative relief against all or some of multiple defendants", "alternative relief against corporation or individual", "alternative relief against single defendant-injunction as alternative", "alternative relief against single defendant - requiring action", "animal venomous toxin, toxic, toxicity removal tangable [sic]", asbestos, lead paint removal - tangable [sic]", and so on. (Id. at pages 43-46).
A. In Forma Pauperis Application Upon review of the Plaintiff's application, this Court finds that Plaintiff's financial status qualifies him to commence this action without prepayment of the filing fees. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1). Accordingly, Plaintiff's application to proceed in forma pauperis is granted.
B. Application of 28 U.S.C. § 1915 Section 1915 of Title 28 requires a district court to dismiss an in forma pauperis complaint if the action is frivolous or malicious; fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted; or seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i-iii). The Court is required to dismiss the action as soon as it makes such a determination. See id.
Courts are obliged to construe the pleadings of a pro se plaintiff liberally. Sealed Plaintiff v. Sealed Defendant, 537 F.3d 185, 191 (2d Cir. 2008); McEachin v. McGuinnis, 357 F.3d 197, 200 (2d Cir. 2004). If a liberal reading of the complaint "gives any indication that a valid claim might be stated," courts must grant leave to amend the complaint. See Cuoco v. Moritsugu, 222 F.3d 99, 112 (2d Cir. 2000).
An action is "frivolous" when "the factual contentions are clearly baseless, such as when allegations are the product of delusion or fantasy." Livingston v. Adirondack Beverage Co., 141 F.3d 434, 437 (2d Cir. 1998) (internal quotations and citations omitted). "[A] finding of factual frivolousness is appropriate when the facts alleged rise to the level of the irrational or the wholly incredible, whether or not there are judicially noticeable facts available to contradict them." Denton v. Hernandez, 504 U.S. 25, 33, 112 S. Ct. 1728, 118 L. Ed. 2d 340 (1992); see also Gelish v. Social Sec. Admin., No. 10-CV-3713 (JS), 2010 WL 3780372, at *4 (E.D.N.Y. Sept. 17, 2010); McCormick v. Jackson, No. 07-CV-7893 (JSR), 2008 WL 3891260 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 21, 2008). As is readily apparent from a casual reading of the Complaint, the allegations in this case "rise to the level of the irrational or the wholly incredible." Denton, 504 U.S. at 33.
Moreover, notwithstanding the liberal pleading standards afforded pro se litigants, all complaints must contain at least "some minimum level of factual support for their claims," Alfaro Motors, Inc. v. Ward, 814 F.2d 883, 887 (2d Cir. 1987). Rule 8 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides, in relevant part, that a complaint "shall contain . . . a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief," and "[e]ach averment of a pleading shall be simple, concise, and direct." Fed. R. Civ. P. 8. Essentially, Rule 8 ensures that a complaint provides a defendant with sufficient notice of the claims against him. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 8; Salahuddin v. Cuomo, 861 F.2d 40, 42 (2d Cir. 1988). In that vein, the Second Circuit has held that complaints containing only vague or conclusory accusations and no specific facts regarding the alleged wrongdoing do not allow defendants to frame an intelligent defense and are therefore subject to dismissal. See Alfaro Motors, 814 F.2d at 887.
Applying these standards to the case at hand, and according Plaintiff's Complaint a liberal construction, see Hughes v. Rowe, 449 U.S. 5, 9, 101 S. Ct. 173, 176, 66 L. Ed. 163, the Court finds that Plaintiff's Complaint does not meet the pleading requirements of Rule 8. Plaintiff's Complaint clearly provides insufficient notice to the Defendants of the claims asserted against them. Accordingly, the Court sua sponte dismisses Plaintiff's Complaint without prejudice.
Notwithstanding the Second Circuit's preference for adjudication of cases on the merits, the Court declines to grant Plaintiff leave to amend the Complaint because, even affording the Complaint a liberal reading, there is no indication that a valid claim might be stated. Cuoco, 222 F.3d at 112.
As stated above, Plaintiff is no stranger to this and other federal courts.*fn3 In addition to this action and the cases noted in footnote # 1 (supra at 2, note 1), Plaintiff has also been barred from filing any further in forma pauperis civil complaints in the Supreme Court of the United States. See Pickering-George v. Holder, et al., 129 S. Ct. 2061, 173 L. Ed. 2d 1131 (2009) ("As petitioner has repeatedly abused this Court's process, the Clerk is directed not to accept any further petitions in non-criminal matters from petitioner unless the docketing fee required by Rule 38(a) is paid"). Given that Plaintiff continues to file frivolous in forma pauperis Complaints in this Court, Plaintiff is advised that:
The district courts have the power and obligation to protect the public and the efficient administration of justice from individuals who have a history of litigation entailing vexation, harassment and needless expense to other parties and an unnecessary burden on the courts and their supporting personnel.
Lau v. Meddaugh, 229 F.3d 121, 123 (2d Cir. 2000) (internal quotations and citations omitted); Moates v. Barkley, 147 F.3d 207, 208 (2d Cir. 1998) (per curiam). Accordingly, Plaintiff is warned that his continued filing of frivolous in forma pauperis complaints may lead to the entry of an order requiring Plaintiff to seek permission from the Court prior to filing any future in forma pauperis complaints.
CONCLUSION For the reasons set forth above, Plaintiff's application to proceed in forma pauperis is granted, and the Complaint is sua sponte dismissed without prejudice.
The Court certifies pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3) that any appeal from this Order would not be taken in good faith and therefore in forma pauperis status is denied for the purpose of any appeal. See Coppedge v. United States, 369 U.S. 438, 444-45, 82 S. Ct. 917, 8 L. Ed. 2d 21 (1962).
Joanna Seybert, U.S.D.J.