UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
September 21, 2011
LOUIS DIEZ, PLAINTIFF,
WASHINGTON MUTUAL BANK, DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Seybert, District Judge:
MEMORANDUM & ORDER
Presently pending before the Court are the following motions filed by pro se Plaintiff Louis Diez: (1) a motion for joinder, filed on September 14, 2010 (Docket No. 36); (2) a motion to amend/correct/supplement the Complaint, filed on December 16, 2010 (Docket No. 51); (3) a motion requesting copies of all court transcripts, filed on April 13, 2011 (Docket No. 77); (4) a motion for reconsideration of the Court's Order denying the appointment of counsel, filed on May 26, 2011 (Docket No. 88); (5) a motion for "clarification" of the Court's prior orders denying consolidation, filed on August 18, 2011 (Docket No. 98); and (6) an appeal of Magistrate Judge Willaim D. Wall's Order closing discovery and denying Plaintiff's motion to compel, filed August 26, 2011 (Docket No. 99).
Also pending is a motion of Defendant JPMorgan Morgan Chase Bank s/h/a Washington Mutual Bank ("Defendant" or the "Bank") for summary judgment, filed on May 13, 2011. (Docket No. 83.)
For the following reasons, all of Plaintiff's requests are DENIED, and the Court RESERVES JUDGMENT on Defendant's motion for summary judgment.
I. Motions to Amend the Complaint
A. Procedural Background
Plaintiff commenced this action against the Bank on May 27, 2009 alleging that he "was repeatedly supplied with false material and oral misrepresentation (fraud) and/or misstatements by Washington Mutual (WaMu) when trying to refinance his current two mortgage loans." (Compl. ¶ III(f), Docket No. 1.) In his original Complaint, Plaintiff also makes allegations against the "seller and seller's parties" in connection with the purchase of his home in 2005. (Compl. ¶ III(a)-(e).) Neither the seller, who is never named or otherwise identified in the Complaint, nor any of the "seller's parties" are named as Defendants in the original Complaint. On March 19, 2010, the Bank filed its Answer, which raised, among other defenses, failure to join the FDIC, a necessary party. (Docket No. 14.)
Plaintiff submitted two letters to the Court on July 13 and 20, 2010, respectively, informing the Court that he intends to amend the Complaint to add the FDIC and others as defendants and seeking an extension of time to do so. (Docket Nos. 28, 34.) Judge Wall, in his July 22, 2010 Scheduling Order, gave the parties until December 16, 2010 to move to join new parties or otherwise amend the pleadings. (Docket No. 27.)
On September 14, 2010, Plaintiff filed a "[m]otion to join parties (Defendants) with additional complaints at the end" ("First Proposed Amended Complaint" or "FPAC"). (Docket No. 36.) Although labeled as a motion, the filing contains only a proposed amended complaint, with no accompanying motion or memorandum in support. The Bank filed its opposition to Plaintiff's "motion" on September 17, 2010, arguing that the FPAC must be denied because it would be subject to dismissal under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8. (Docket No. 38.)
On December 16, 2010, Plaintiff submitted another amended complaint titled, "Complaint and Summons (piggyback to Civil Action No. 09-cv-02390-JS)" ("Second Proposed Amended Complaint" or "SPAC"). (Docket No. 51.) Defendant filed its opposition on December 30, 2010, again arguing that the SPAC must be denied for violating Rule 8. (Docket No. 55.) The Second Proposed Amended Complaint is nearly identical to the First, with two minor differences: first, the SPAC adds an additional two Defendants (SPAC at 1-2); and second, the SPAC adds a forty-second count for defamation of character (id. at 66). Since, in all other regards, the two proposed amended complaints are word-for-word identical (albeit, sometimes in a slightly different order), the Court presumes that the SPAC supersedes the FPAC,*fn1 and DENIES AS MOOT Plaintiff's first motion to amend (Docket No. 36). For the reasons that follow, Plaintiff's second motion to amend is also DENIED.
B. Legal Standard
1. Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15 governs amendments to pleadings. A party may amend his pleading once as a matter of right within twenty-one days after service of that pleading or, if the pleading requires a response, within twenty-one days after he is served with his adversary's response or a motion under Federal Rule 12(b), (e), or (f). FED. R. CIV. P. 15(a).
All other amendments require either written consent from the other party or the Court's leave. Id.
Plaintiff is well outside the time during which he could have amended his Complaint as a matter of right, and Defendant does not consent to the amendment, so the issue here is whether justice requires permitting Plaintiff to amend his pleading. Leave to amend should be liberally granted, particularly to pro se litigants. See Chavis v. Chappius, 618 F.3d 162, 170 (2d Cir. 2010). Notwithstanding Plaintiff's pro se status, however, "where the plaintiff is unable to demonstrate that he would be able to amend his complaint in a manner which would survive dismissal, opportunity to replead is rightfully denied." Schwamborn v. Cnty. of Nassau, 348 Fed. Appx. 634, 635, (2d Cir. 2009) (quoting Hayden v. Cnty. of Nassau, 180 F.3d 42, 53 (2d Cir. 1999)). In this case, the Bank argues that Plaintiff's SPAC is futile because it violates Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8. The Court agrees.
2. Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8
Rule 8 provides that a complaint shall contain "a short and plain statement showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." FED. R. CIV. P. 8(a)(2). "The statement should be plain because the principal function of pleadings under the Federal Rules is to give the adverse party fair notice of the claim asserted so as to enable him to answer and prepare for trial." Salahuddin v. Cuomo, 861 F.2d 40, 42 (2d Cir. 1988) (citing Geisler v. Petrocelli, 616 F.2d 636, 640 (2d Cir. 1980)). "The statement should be short because unnecessary prolixity in a pleading places an unjustified burden on the court and the party who must respond to it because they are forced to select the relevant material from a mass of verbiage." Id. (internal quotation marks and citation omitted).
"A complaint fails to comply with Rule 8(a)(2) if it is 'so confused, ambiguous, vague or otherwise unintelligible that its true substance, if any, is well disguised." Struck v. U.S. House of Representatives, 68 Fed. Appx. 233, 235 (2d Cir. 2003) (quoting Salahuddin, 861 F.2d at 42); accord Prezzi v. Berzak, 57 F.R.D. 149, 151 (S.D.N.Y. 1972) ("Complaints which ramble, which needlessly speculate, accuse, and condemn, and which contain circuitous diatribes far removed from the heart of the claim do not comport with these goals and this system; such complaints must be dismissed."); see also, e.g., Roberto's Fruit Market, Inc. v. Schaffer, 13 F. Supp. 2d 390, 395-96 (E.D.N.Y. 1998) (dismissing 71-page, 284 paragraph complaint for being "excessively long-winded and redundant" and for containing "unnecessary, vague and inflammatory language"); Infanti v. Scharpf, No. 06-CV-6552, 2008 WL 2397607, at *2 (E.D.N.Y. 2008) (dismissing a 90-page, 500-paragraph complaint described as a "chaotic jumble" of "tumultuous confusion" full of "rambling accusations and moral condemnation.")
C. Second Proposed Amended Complaint
It is clear that Plaintiff's SPAC fails to comply with
Rule 8. The SPAC spans seventy, single-spaced pages, names eight Defendants,*fn2 and fails to link any of these Defendants to any of the forty-two counts alleged.*fn3 This alone justifies denying the motion to amend.
"A plaintiff fails to satisfy [R]ule 8, where the complaint lumps all the defendants together and fails to distinguish their conduct because such allegations fail to give adequate notice to the defendants as to what they did wrong." Appalacian Enters., Inc. v. ePayment Solutions, Ltd., No. 01-CV-11502, 2004 WL 2813121, at *7 (S.D.N.Y. Dec. 8, 2004) (internal quotation marks and citations omitted). "It is not the duty of Defendants or this Court to sift through the Complaint and guess which factual allegations support their claims." Infanti, 2008 WL 2397607, at *2 (internal quotation marks and citation omitted). Rather, "Rule 8(a) places the burden squarely upon the plaintiff to clearly and succinctly state its claims." Id. (internal quotation marks and citation omitted). Plaintiff failed to satisfy this burden.
Aside from failing to set forth "a short and plain statement of the claim," the SPAC includes a host of unnecessary and irrelevant information--information that should never be included in a pleading. For example, the SPAC contains the following discovery request:
Plaintiff demands to be provided with (limited to Plaintiff's note and mortgage) "the agreements, instruments, certificates or other documents . . . evidencing or otherwise relating to, governing or executed in connection with or as security for a Loan, including without limitation notes, bonds loan agreements, letter of credit applications, lease financing contracts, banker's acceptances, drafts, interest protection agreements, currency exchange agreements, repurchase agreements, reverse purchase agreements, deeds of trust, mortgages, assignments, security agreements, pledges, subordination or priority agreements, lien priority agreements, undertakings, security instruments, certificates, documents, legal opinions (Plaintiff is really interested in this documents, especially as it related [sic] his ongoing complaints with Washington Mutual Bank and its regulators), participation agreements and intercreditor agreements, and all amendments, modifications, renewals, extensions, rearrangements, and substitutions with respect to any of the foregoing" fraudulent and forged mortgage for Louis Diez. (SPAC at 3 ¶ b.) Similar requests for documents or answers to interrogatories are sprinkled throughout the SPAC. (See, e.g., SPAC at 7-12, 16-18, 51-52.)*fn4 There are also full copies of newspaper articles and press releases, including images and logos, that Plaintiff appears to have copied and pasted directly from news websites;*fn5 text of the U.S. code copied and pasted from Cornell Law School's website (see, e.g., id. at 24-28 (quoting 12 U.S.C. §§ 1833, 1831k, 1831l)); links to websites with no explanation other than the directive that the Court "[k]indly reference" them (id. at 5, 31);*fn6 docket entries or docket text for other cases (id. at 15 (screen shot of docket for case number 09-CV-0533)). There are also requests for the Court to subpoena certain parties or documents,*fn7 and other miscellaneous requests such as that "this court case be televised globally" (SPAC at 63 ¶ 63), "permission to add more complaints during the discovery process" (id. at 63 ¶ 64), and requests to consolidate this matter with cases pending in other jurisdictions (id. at 5-6, 12-13, 15-16, 33, 63).*fn8
Also adding to the excessive length of the SPAC are rambling accusations, rants and anti-government conspiracy theories. For example, the SPAC states:
Louis Diez (Plaintiff) requests explanation why unconstitutional laws were passed to fraudulently cement in the Federal Reserve and other unneeded or self-policing entities. Louis Diez demands audits to all the financial and policing entities, including but not limited to, the FRB (Federal Reserve Board) and IRS, to ensure the data reported to the public has always been true and transparent. (SPAC at 63 ¶ 66.)*fn9
Even removing the superfluous material, which comprises a majority of the SPAC, it is utterly incomprehensible. Plaintiff appears to be confusing the present matter with matters pending in other jurisdictions: the SPAC frequently refers to the Defendants as the "foreclosure Plaintiff" (see, e.g., SPAC at 49 ¶¶ 21-23, 50 ¶ 25), often refers to Louis Diez as the Defendant (see, e.g., id. at 44 ¶ 3), asserts affirmative defenses to a pending foreclosure action (see, e.g., id. at 44-61), and alleges wrongful conduct by individuals and entities not named as Defendants in the original Complaint or either of the proposed amended complaints.*fn10 In addition, the SPAC often repeats entire paragraphs verbatim for no reason*fn11 and jumps from numbered paragraphs to lettered paragraphs back to numbered paragraphs without order or reason.*fn12
And on at least one occasion the pages appear to have been filed out-of-order. (SPAC at 3-5.)
Finally, Plaintiff failed to seek leave to file an amended complaint as required under Rule 15; instead, he simply submitted a "piggyback" complaint without explaining why he should be granted permission to file and serve it. See Williams v. Scully, 1991 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 18045, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Dec. 18, 1991).
Requiring Defendants to answer the SPAC would "fly in the face of the very purposes for which Rule 8 exists," Lonesome v. Lebedeff, 141 F.R.D. 397, 398 (E.D.N.Y. 1992); as such, Plaintiff's motion to amend is DENIED. However, given the Plaintiff's pro se status, the motion is denied WITHOUT PREJUDICE with leave to file a new motion to amend within thirty  days of the date of this Order. Plaintiff is advised that
(1) any proposed amended complaint must be short and plain, must
clearly state which counts are against which defendants, must include
enough factual allegations to support a plausible claim, and must not
include any of the superfluous material explained above;*fn13
and (2) Plaintiff must explain, in a separate document, why
he should be allowed to file an amended complaint. Any motion that
does not comply with the above-directive will be denied.
II. Request for Fee Waiver for All Court Transcripts
Plaintiff has also requested that he be provided with copies of transcripts from "all pretrial and trial proceedings" free of charge. (Docket No. 77.) Although Plaintiff qualifies for in forma pauperis status, he is not entitled to a fee waiver for copies of transcripts at this time. First, Plaintiff is seeking copies of transcripts that do not exist: This case has yet to be tried so there are no trial transcripts. In this respect, his request is premature. Second, Plaintiff has failed to explain why he needs copies of any of the pretrial transcripts, let alone all of them. Plaintiff received copies of all orders and rulings in this case, and he participated in and had the opportunity to take notes at all pretrial proceedings. As such, his request for copies of all present and future transcripts is DENIED. If Plaintiff wishes, he may purchase copies of any and all transcripts from the court reporter.
III. Reconsideration of Order Denying Appointment of Counsel*fn14
Also pending is Plaintiff's "Reconsideration to Application for the Court to Request Pro Bono Counsel." (Docket No. 88.) It is unclear whether Plaintiff is asking the Court to reconsider its May 19, 2011 Order (Docket No. 85) denying the appointment of pro bono counsel or whether he is filing a new application for pro bono counsel. Either way, Plaintiff's request is DENIED.
"To prevail on a motion for reconsideration, the movant must demonstrate 'an intervening change of controlling law, the availability of new evidence, or the need to correct a clear error or prevent manifest injustice.'" Catskill Dev., L.L.C. v. Park Place Entm't Corp., 154 F. Supp. 2d 696, 701 (S.D.N.Y. 2001) (quoting Doe v. N.Y. City Dep't of Soc. Servs., 709 F.2d 782, 789 (2d Cir. 1983)). It is within the sound discretion of the Court whether to grant a motion for reconsideration.
Plaintiff argues that his circumstances have changed in that he is "now a criminal defendant for Building and Zoning violations that relate to the purchase of this property" and he "need[s] a lawyer to join these cases together." (Mot. Reconsideration, Docket No. 88, at 1 ¶ 1.) However, as the Court has previously explained multiple times, it lacks power to consolidate cases pending in other jurisdictions. (See Order, July 26, 2010, Docket No. 31 (Judge Wall's denying consolidation with actions pending in state court and other federal district courts); Order, Dec. 30, 2010, Docket No. 56 (denying similar motion to consolidate for the same reasons articulated by Judge Wall).) Thus, Plaintiff has failed to establish that the Court overlooked any controlling law or committed clear error in its May 2011 Order denying the appointment of counsel, and his motion for reconsideration is DENIED.
If Plaintiff's intention was to file a new motion for pro bono counsel, his motion is also DENIED. Although the Court denied Plaintiff's original motion "without prejudice," it granted him leave to renew "once this case is ready for trial."
(Order, May 19, 2011, Docket No. 85, at 3.) The case is not trial ready, and, as explained above, Plaintiff has not brought to the Court's attention any new facts or case law that would warrant the appointment of pro bono counsel. Therefore, the Court will not appoint counsel at this time.
IV. "Clarification" of Orders Denying Consolidation
Also pending is Plaintiff's "Motion for
Clarification . . . as to why the Pro Se litigant is deemed as living
in 'a fantasy' and why the plaintiff was refused to consolidate [sic]
similar cases (for fraud and collusion, et. al.)."*fn15
(Docket No. 98, at 1.) This is not Plaintiff's first motion
A. Procedural Background
Plaintiff first raised the issue of consolidation in a letter to Judge Wall, filed on June 9, 2010, in which he stated that "there are three (3) pending cases which I, Pro Se litigant, would like to transfer from different courts to consolidate with this case pursuant to Rule 42(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure." (Docket No. 19.) Plaintiff sought to consolidate the present case with cases pending in the New York State Supreme Court in Nassau County and the United States District Court for the District of Columbia.*fn16 On July 12, 2010, Judge Wall denied the request stating that "the requests for some of the relief sought, notably . . . [the] request to consolidate actions in other forums with this action, cannot be considered by this court, which has no authority to interfere in other courts' dockets in the manner sought by Diez." (Docket No. 22.)
Notwithstanding Judge Wall's order, on July 20, 2010, Plaintiff formally moved to "intervene, transfer, and consolidate pending cases from different courts." (Docket No. 30.) This motion differed from his original letter only slightly in that he now sought to consolidate the present case with five other cases--the three described in his first letter, plus an additional two matters pending in New York State Supreme Court. (Id. at 2-6.) On July 26, 2010, Judge Wall denied the request stating:
As the plaintiff has been advised both by previous order of this court and in court during a conference on July 22, 2010, the motion must be denied, because the court lacks the power to "consolidate" cases pending in other jurisdictions. (Docket No. 31.) Judge Wall further explained that "Federal Rule 42(a) allows a federal court to consolidate actions pending before it, but does not allow it to take cases out of other jurisdictions in order to consolidate them." (Id.)
Despite Judge Wall's straightforward and clear explanation as to why his requests to consolidate were denied, on December 16, 2010, Plaintiff filed yet another "Motion to Consolidate (reconsideration due to same facts and law)." (Docket No. 52.) This motion was word-for-word identical to his prior motion*fn17 except he added two additional cases to consolidate--one in New York State Supreme Court and the other in the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington. (Id. at 6-7.) This Court again denied the motion "for the same reasons that Magistrate Judge Wall first articulated" (Order, Dec. 30, 2010, Docket No. 56, at 2)--namely, that "this Court 'lacks jurisdiction to "consolidate" cases pending in other jurisdictions'" (id. at 1 (quoting Judge Wall's July 26, 2010 Order)). The Court warned Plaintiff that if he "files a similar 'motion to consolidate' in the future or any other duplicative motion, he may be liable for sanctions." (Id. at 2.)
Then, on January 10, 2011, Plaintiff filed an "Answer to Memorandum of Law in Opposition to Plaintiff's Motion to Consolidate." (Docket No. 61.) Although styled as a reply to the Bank's opposition to his motion, it was filed more than ten days after his motion was decided. The Court assumed that Plaintiff mailed this reply prior to receiving the Court's Order denying consolidation and, therefore, chose not to sanction Plaintiff at that time.
B. Pending Motion for "Clarification"
In spite of all of the Court's prior decisions and warnings, on August 18, 2011, Plaintiff filed the pending motion for "clarification." He seeks clarification of (i) "verbiage 'fantasy'" (Mot. for Clarification, Docket No. 98, at 8), and (ii) "why [his] motions to consolidate was [sic] denied repeatedly by Judge William D. Wall" (id.).
Courts in this Circuit typically construe pro se motions for "clarification" as motions for reconsideration. See, e.g., Shabazz v. Pico, No. 93-CV-1424, 1999 WL 345596, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. May 25, 1999), aff'd in part, vacated in part on other grounds, 205 F.3d 1324 (2d Cir. 2000); Global One Commc'ns World Holding B.V. v. Gaul, No. 01-CV-0254, at *1 (N.D.N.Y. May 7, 2007); Teasdale v. N.Y. City Fire Dep't, No. 08-CV-1684, 2011 WL 13898, at *1 (E.D.N.Y. Jan. 4, 2011). As the Court explained above, to prevail on a motion for reconsideration, Plaintiff must show that the Court overlooked controlling law, that there are new, previously unavailable facts, or that the Court committed clear error. Plaintiff has failed to demonstrate that any of these factors exist.
Rather Plaintiff makes clear that he is not seeking a reversal of any prior orders: "This motion is simply a request for clarification and should be not considered otherwise unless judge opts on own [sic] judgment to grant the Pro Se plaintiff a favorable reversal of the prior orders and/or decision." (Mot. for Clarification, Docket No. 98, at 2.) He appears to be asking the Court for a definition of the word "fantasy"*fn18 and for the Court to simply repeat, yet again, why his motions to consolidate were denied. The Court has already explained to Plaintiff, on three separate occasions in writing and on at least one prior occasion in person during a conference, why the Court lacks the power to consolidate cases pending in other jurisdictions. (Docket Nos. 22, 31, 56.) The Court will not do so again here. Additionally, the Court will not define non-legal terms for the Plaintiff.
This is not the first time Plaintiff has asked the Court to explain or clarify a word or phrase that he did not understand.*fn19 This is not a proper use of motion practice, and the Court will not entertain such requests in the future.
Under the All-Writs Act, a federal court "may issue all writs necessary or appropriate in aid of their respective jurisdictions and agreeable to the usages and principles of law." 28 U.S.C. § 1651(a). The Act grants district courts the power, under certain circumstances, to "resort to restrictive measures that except from normally available procedures litigants who have abused litigation opportunities." In re Martin-Trigona, 9 F.3d 226, 228 (2d Cir. 1993). These measures include "barring a party from filing further appeals or motions without the leave of this Court," Tibbetts v. Levin, 288 Fed. Appx. 743, 745 (2d Cir. 2008) (citing Gyadu v. Hartford Ins. Co., 197 F.3d 590, 592 (2d Cir. 1999)), and "enjoin[ing] a vexatious litigant from filing future motions" altogether, Jones v. City of Buffalo, 867 F. Supp. 1155, 1169 (W.D.N.Y. 1994) (citing In re Hartford Textile Corp., 681 F.2d 895, 897 (2d Cir. 1982), cert. denied, 459 U.S. 1206, 103 S. Ct. 1195, 75 L. Ed. 2d 439 (1983)). Prior to imposing such an injunction or leave-to-file sanction, the Court must provide Plaintiff with notice and an opportunity to be heard. See Viola v. United States, 307 Fed. Appx. 539, 539 (2d Cir. 2009); Moates v. Barkley, 147 F.3d 207, 208 (2d Cir. 1998).
Thus, Plaintiff is ORDERED to show cause within thirty  days of the date of this Order, why leave-to-file sanctions should not be imposed. The Plaintiff was warned that he "must respect this Court's orders, and not file duplicative, frivolous motions," and that if he "files a similar 'motion to consolidate' in the future, or any other duplicative motion, he may be liable for sanctions." (Opinion, Dec. 30, 2010, Docket 56, at 2.) Although, as explained above, Plaintiff asserts that "[t]his motion is simply a request for clarification and should not be considered otherwise," it nonetheless includes a verbatim copy of his December 2010 motion to consolidate and states that the "judge [may] opt on own [sic] judgment to grant the Pro Se plaintiff a favorable reversal of prior orders and/or decisions." (Mot. for Clarification, Docket No. 98, at 2-8.) This Court, and according to Plaintiff numerous other courts,*fn20 have exhaustively and repeatedly explained why his cases cannot be consolidated. He is now requesting that it be explained to him yet another time. His request is duplicative, frivolous and in direct violation of the Court's prior order. If Plaintiff fails to explain why sanctions are not appropriate, the Court will issue an Order barring him from filing any future motions without leave of Court.
V. Objections to Judge Wall's Order
On August 26, 2011, Plaintiff filed a "Motion to Argue Judge's Decision to Close and Deny All of Plaintiff's Discovery Demands" (Docket No. 99) appealing Judge Wall's March 3, 2011 Minute Order (Docket No. 71): (i) closing discovery and (ii) denying his motion to compel. "A party may serve and file objections to [a magistrate judge's order on a nondispositive matter] within 14 days after being served with a copy." FED. R. CIV. P. 72(a). Here, Plaintiff waited almost six months to object to Judge Wall's order--far outside the time prescribed under the Federal Rules. Therefore, Plaintiff's objections to Judge Wall's Order OVERRULED as untimely, and his motion to extend discovery and compel disclosure is DENIED.
VI. Bank's Motion for Summary Judgment
The Court RESERVES JUDGMENT on the Bank's motion for summary judgment. The Court will address the Bank's motion after the time for Plaintiff to move to amend the Complaint has expired.
For the foregoing reasons, the Court:
1. DENIES WITHOUT PREJUDICE Plaintiff's motions to amend his complaint (Docket Nos. 36, 51), and GRANTS Plaintiff leave to file a new motion to amend within thirty  days of the date of this Order;
2. DENIES Plaintiff's request for free copies of all pretrial and trial transcripts;
3. DENIES Plaintiff's request for pro bono counsel;
4. DENIES Plaintiff's motion for "clarification," and ORDERS Plaintiff to show cause, within thirty  days of the date of this Order, why leave-to-file sanctions should not be imposed;
5. OVERRULES Plaintiff's objections to Judge Wall's March 3, 2011 Minute Order; and
6. RESERVES JUDGMENT on Defendant's motion for summary judgment.
Defendant is ORDERED to serve a copy of this Order on the pro se Plaintiff and file proof of service with the Court within seven days of the date of this Order.
Joanna Seybert, U.S.D.J.