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Kevin Razzoli v. United States Navy

October 25, 2011

KEVIN RAZZOLI, PETITIONER,
v.
UNITED STATES NAVY, UNITED STATES ATTORNEY GENERAL,
UNITED STATES PROBATION DEPARTMENT, DIRECTOR OF THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION, UNKNOWN DEFENDANTS, ET AL., RESPONDENTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Wood, U.S.D.J.:

OPINION & ORDER

By Opinion and Order dated April 12, 2010 ("the April 12 Order"), this Court denied pro se Petitioner Kevin Razzoli's ("Petitioner") petition for habeas corpus. That petition challenged the legality of an earlier revocation of his parole in 2003 based upon Petitioner's allegations: (1) that the falsification of an arrest warrant for car theft led to the revocation; (2) that an erroneous finding of drug use led to a loss of "street-time" credit for time spent on parole; and (3) that the Probation Department relied upon inaccurate records regarding Petitioner's arrest for attempted murder in the mid-1980s. (See Dkt. No. 19.) On April 16, 2010, Petitioner filed a notice of appeal to the Second Circuit. (Dkt. No. 23.) On December 21, 2010, the Second Circuit issued a mandate denying Petitioner's appeal "because it lack[ed] an arguable basis in law or fact" pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e). (Dkt. No. 27.) On May 3, 2011, Petitioner filed the instant motion for reconsideration, pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b)(6) ("Rule 60(b)(6)"). (Dkt. No. 28.) Petitioner also submitted a letter to the Court in which he renews his largely incomprehensible allegations concerning the conduct of various federal officials.*fn1

Petitioner, who is currently in custody for a subsequent, unrelated parole violation, simultaneously filed a request for a hearing and appointment of counsel pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3006A in order to oppose a Notice of Action ("the Notice") issued by the United States Parole Commission ("Parole Commission") on December 30, 2010. (Dkt. No. 29.)*fn2 The Notice continued Petitioner's November 30, 2010 parole hearing, pending a "forensic evaluation that includes psychological testing to help rule out the presence of a psychotic disorder and/or personality disorder." (Dkt. No. 28.) Petitioner was ordered to be temporarily transferred to a medical facility for the purpose of conducting the evaluation.

The Court has liberally construed Petitioner's submissions to raise the strongest arguments they suggest. See Pabon v. Wright, 459 F.3d 241, 248 (2d Cir. 2006). For the reasons set forth below, the Court denies Petitioner's motion for reconsideration and his application for a hearing and court-appointed counsel.

A. Motion for Reconsideration

1. Applicable Law

Rule 60(b) permits the Court to relieve a party from an order in the event of mistake, inadvertence, excusable neglect, newly discovered evidence, fraud, or exceptional and extraordinary circumstances.*fn3 Fed R. Civ. P. 60(b); see House v. Sec'y of Health & Human Servs., 688 F.2d 7, 9 (2d Cir. 1982). Petitioner moves for reconsideration pursuant to subsection 6 of Rule 60(b), which allows a court to relieve a party of a judgment "for any . . . reason that justifies relief." Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b)(6). Relief under this catch-all provision is warranted "only where there are extraordinary circumstances or where the judgment may work an extreme and undue hardship." United Airlines, Inc. v. Brien, 588 F.3d 158, 176 (2d Cir. 2009) (internal citations omitted); see also United States v. Int'l Bhd. of Teamsters, 247 F.3d 370, 391 (2d Cir. 2001) (Rule 60(b) relief is "generally not favored and is properly granted only upon a showing of exceptional circumstances") (citation omitted). When presented with a Rule 60(b) motion that attacks a movant's underlying conviction (or in this case, parole revocation), and not the integrity of the federal habeas proceeding, a district court may deny the motion as beyond the scope of Rule 60(b). Harris v. United States, 367 F.3d 74, 82 (2d Cir. 2004).*fn4 By contrast, a Rule 60(b) motion that attacks the integrity of a previous habeas proceeding may be considered on its merits. Id.

2. Application of Law to Fact

This Court is barred from reconsidering its denial of habeas relief because the Second Circuit already denied Petitioner's appeal of the Court's April 12 Order. As noted, the Second Circuit issued a mandate dismissing Petitioner's appeal "because it lack[ed] an arguable basis in law or fact" pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915. (Dkt. No. 27.) That court's review precludes this Court from reconsidering its prior ruling. See United States v. Stanley, 54 F.3d 103, 107 (2d Cir. 1995) ("The [mandate] rule bars [a] district court from reconsidering or modifying any of its prior decisions that have been ruled on by the court of appeals.")*fn5 Petitioner's motion for reconsideration is therefore denied.

B. Application for Court-Appointed Counsel

Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3006A, Petitioner seeks a hearing and appointment of counsel, so that he may oppose the Parole Commission's order to temporarily transfer him to a medical facility for the purpose of conducting a psychological evaluation. Because the Court finds that Petitioner is not entitled to such a hearing, it denies Petitioner's motion.

1. Applicable Law

18 U.S.C. § 4245(a) provides: "If a person serving a sentence of imprisonment objects . . . to being transferred to a suitable facility for care or treatment, an attorney for the Government .

. . may file a motion for a hearing on the present mental condition of the person."*fn6 (emphasis added). 18 U.S.C. § 4247(d) requires that the subject of a mental condition hearing be represented by counsel, and stipulates that counsel must be appointed, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § ...


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