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United States of America v. Jose Gonzalez-Montes

UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE SECOND CIRCUIT


October 28, 2011

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, APPELLEE,
v.
JOSE GONZALEZ-MONTES,*FN1 DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.

Appeal from a judgment of the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York (Gary L. Sharpe, Judge).

10-1536-cr

United States v. Gonzalez-Montes

SUMMARY ORDER

Rulings by summary order do not have precedential effect. Citation to a summary order filed on or after January 1, 2007, is permitted and is governed by Federal Rule of Appellate

Procedure 32.1 and this court's Local Rule 32.1.1. When citing a summary order in a document filed with this court, a party must cite either the Federal Appendix or an electronic database (with the notation "summary order"). A party citing a summary order must serve a copy of it on any party not represented by counsel.

1 At a stated term of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, held at the 2 Daniel Patrick Moynihan United States Courthouse, 500 Pearl Street, in the City of New York, 3 on the 28th day of October, two thousand eleven.

PRESENT: JOSE A. CABRANES, DEBRA ANN LIVINGSTON, SUSAN L. CARNEY, Circuit Judges.

4 UPON DUE CONSIDERATION, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND 5 DECREED that the judgment of the District Court be AFFIRMED.

6 Defendant-appellant Jose Gonzalez-Montes appeals from a March 22, 2010 judgment of the 7 District Court for the Northern District of New York sentencing him principally to 41 months 8 imprisonment for violations of 8 U.S.C. § 1326(a) and (b). On appeal, Gonzalez-Montes argues that he 9 received ineffective assistance of counsel because his attorney did not argue for a sentence below the 10 Guidelines range, but instead requested a sentence at the bottom of the applicable Guidelines range.

11 BACKGROUND

12 Defendant-appellant Gonzalez-Montes, a citizen of Mexico and an undocumented alien, was 13 convicted after a guilty plea in the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York 14 of illegally reentering the United States after having been removed following conviction of domestic 15 violence against his wife, an aggravated felony.

16 Prior to sentencing, Gonzalez-Montes's counsel filed a sentencing memorandum in which she 17 made several arguments in mitigation of the offense. First, the attorney pointed out that Gonzalez- 18 Montes had had no contact with the criminal justice system between the completion of his sentence in 19 California and his arrest on the current charges. She then explained that Gonzalez-Montes had originally 20 traveled from Mexico to Canada with the intent to return directly to Mexico, but had changed his mind 21 and entered the United States at the last moment--in other words, he had not set out on his trip from 22 Mexico with the intention of illegally entering the United States. She also presented the court with a 23 letter from Gonzalez-Montes' wife, Veronica Reyes, in which Reyes recanted her allegations of domestic 24 abuse against Gonzalez-Montes, described her family's difficulties since her husband's departure, 25 explained that his mother was very ill, and begged the court for his immediate return. Counsel then 26 noted that Gonzalez-Montes was deeply remorseful for his actions.

27 Counsel further argued that, although Gonzalez-Montes would not contest the Guidelines range 28 calculated in the presentence report, the Guidelines themselves were no longer mandatory and to treat them as such would constitute grave procedural error. Instead, she argued, the court should impose a 2 sentence that was sufficient but not greater than necessary to achieve the goals of sentencing. She ended 3 her memorandum with a request that the court impose a sentence at the bottom of the applicable 4 Guidelines range.

5 At sentencing the court adopted the presentence report without objection from either side, 6 granted a one-level downward departure on the government's motion, and calculated Gonzalez- 7 Montes's Guidelines range of imprisonment at 41-51 months. The court then heard argument from 8 defense counsel and the prosecution, as well as an allocution from Gonzalez-Montes himself. After 9 evaluating the required sentencing factors under 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a), the court pronounced sentence, 10 explaining that while "there is nothing about [Gonzalez-Montes's] conduct that would cause me to 11 impose a sentence beyond the minimum under the guidelines," he saw "no reason . . . to do anything 12 when I evaluate the sentencing factors in the scheme Congress has imposed other than to adopt the 13 guideline findings as the reasonable sentence." He then imposed a 41-month term of imprisonment, 14 which represented the bottom of the applicable Guidelines range.

15 This appeal followed.

18 DISCUSSION

19 A. The Strickland Standard

20 Gonzalez-Montes argues on appeal that he received ineffective assistance from his counsel 21 when she failed to specifically request that the court impose a sentence below the range suggested by the 22 Guidelines.*fn2 A claim of ineffective assistance of counsel is evaluated under the standard set forth in 23 Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668 (1984). Generally, to prevail on such a claim, a petitioner must 24 demonstrate (1) that "counsel's representation fell below an objective standard of reasonableness," id. at 1 688, and (2) that "there is a reasonable probability that, but for counsel's unprofessional errors, the result 2 of the proceeding would have been different," id. at 694. For the purpose of this order we focus only on 3 the second prong of the Strickland test. See id. at 697 (courts may focus first on the prejudice prong when 4 it is "easier to dispose of an ineffectiveness claim on the ground of lack of sufficient prejudice"); see also 5 Farrington v. Senkowski, 214 F.3d 237, 242 (2d Cir. 2000) (courts need not resolve the first Strickland prong 6 if the second is more readily resolved).

7 B. Application of the Strickland Standard to the Appellant

8 Gonzalez-Montes's counsel presented numerous arguments in mitigation of his offense, as well 9 as a letter from his wife begging the court for his immediate release. Counsel also reminded the court 10 that to treat the Guidelines as mandatory would be grave procedural error, see United States v. Cavera, 550 11 F.3d 180, 190 (2d Cir. 2008) (en banc), and argued that the court was required to make an individualized 12 assessment of the § 3553(a) factors prior to imposing a sentence that, in the court's judgment, would be 13 "sufficient, but not greater than necessary" to achieve the goals of sentencing. Although counsel did 14 not specifically request a below-Guidelines sentence, the sentencing court could not have believed, 15 based upon counsel's presentation, that Gonzalez-Montes did not want the lowest possible sentence.

16 We therefore determine that counsel's performance did not prejudice the appellant.

17 CONCLUSION

18 We have reviewed the defendant's arguments on appeal and find that they are without merit.

19 The judgment of the District Court is AFFIRMED.

21 FOR THE COURT,

22 Catherine O'Hagan Wolfe, Clerk of Court


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