Appeal from a judgment of the Niagara County Court (Sara S. Sperrazza, J.), rendered June 13, 2008.
Decided on November 10, 2011
Appellate Division, Fourth Department
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
PRESENT: FAHEY, J.P., CARNI, SCONIERS, GORSKI, AND MARTOCHE, JJ.
The judgment convicted defendant, after a non-jury trial, of criminal sexual act in the first degree, sexual abuse in the first degree, sexual abuse in the third degree, and criminal sexual act in the third degree (three counts).
It is hereby ORDERED that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously modified as
a matter of discretion in the interest of justice and on the law by reversing that part convicting
defendant of sexual abuse in the first degree and dismissing the second count of the indictment,
and as modified the judgment is affirmed.
Memorandum: On appeal from a judgment convicting him after a non-jury trial of, inter alia, sexual abuse in the first degree (Penal Law § 130.65 ), defendant contends that the conviction is not supported by legally sufficient evidence. Although defendant failed to preserve that contention for our review (see People v Gray, 86 NY2d 10, 19), we exercise our power to review that contention with respect to the conviction of sexual abuse in the first degree as a matter of discretion in the interest of justice (see CPL 470.15  [a]). We agree with defendant that the conviction of that crime is not supported by legally sufficient evidence with respect to the element of forcible compulsion (see Penal Law § 130.65 ). The victim's testimony that defendant would sometimes threaten that he was "going to ground [her] or . . . hit [her] if [she did not] open the door" was insufficient to establish that defendant "place[d the victim] in fear of immediate death or physical injury" on the specific occasion in question (§ 130.00  [b]). We therefore modify the judgment by reversing that part convicting defendant of sexual abuse in the first degree and dismissing the second count of the indictment.
Viewing the evidence in light of the elements of the remaining crimes of which defendant was convicted in this non-jury trial (see People v Danielson, 9 NY3d 342, 349), we conclude that the verdict with respect to those crimes is not against the weight of the evidence (see generally People v Bleakley, 69 NY2d 490, 495). Defendant failed to preserve for our review his further contention that the indictment failed to indicate specifically when the crimes charged therein allegedly occurred (see People v Halpin, 261 AD2d 647, 647, lv denied 93 NY2d 971), and we decline to exercise our power to review it as a matter of discretion in the interest of justice (see CPL 470.15  [a]). Finally, we reject defendant's contention that he was denied effective assistance of counsel (see generally People v Baldi, 54 NY2d 137, 147).
Entered: November 10, 2011
Patricia L. Morgan Clerk of the Court
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