UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
November 23, 2011
RICK TROMBLEY, ON BEHALF OF HIMSELF, AND HIS MINOR CHILDREN H AND N, PLAINTIFF,
JOHN ONEILL, INDIVIDUALLY AND AS COMM'R OF ESSEX CNTY. DEP'T OF SOC. SERVS.; JEFFERY LETSON, INDIVIDUALLY AND AS ESSEX CNTY. CHILD PROTECTIVE SERV. CASEWORKER; KIM MARIE, INDIVIDUALLY AND AS ESSEX CNTY. FOSTER CARE CASEWORKER; RICHARD MEYER, INDIVIDUALLY AND ESSEX CNTY. SUPREME COURT AND FAMILY INDIVIDUALLY AND AS FRANKLIN CNTY. ASSIST. DIST. ATTORNEY; DEREK CHAMPAGNE, INDIVIDUALLY AND AS FRANKLIN CNTY. DIST. ATTORNEY; AND MICHAEL GALLANT, INDIVIDUALLY AND AS ATTORNEY FOR ESSEX CNTY. DEP'T OF SOC. SERVS., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge; John Delehanty,
MEMORANDUM-DECISION and ORDER
Currently before the Court in this pro se civil rights action, filed by Rick Trombley ("Plaintiff") against the seven above-captioned individuals ("Defendants"), is United States Magistrate Judge David R. Homer's Report-Recommendation recommending that Plaintiff's claims against Defendants Meyer, Champagne, and Delehanty be dismissed pursuant to 28 U.SC. §1915(e)(2)(B) and N.D.N.Y. L.R. 5.4(a). (Dkt. No. 5.) For the reasons set forth below, the Report-Recommendation is accepted and adopted in its entirety, and Plaintiff's claims against Defendant Meyer, Champage, and Delehanty are dismissed.
I. RELEVANT BACKGROUND
A. Plaintiff's Complaint
Plaintiff filed his Complaint on May 23, 2011. (Dkt. No. 1.) Generally, in his Complaint, Plaintiff alleges that the above-captioned Defendants violated his constitutional rights when they illegally seized his children without adequate due process and wrongfully arrested him for assault. (Dkt. No. 1, "Facts.") More specifically, Plaintiff alleges, among other things, as follows: (1) on May 19, 2009, Defendant Jeffrey Letson, an employee of the Essex County Department of Child Protective Services, illegally entered his home without probable cause or a warrant and attempted to remove Plaintiff's two children; (2) on May 20, 2008, Defendant John Oneill, Commissioner of the Essex County Department of Social Services, filed a petition for removal of Plaintiff's sons, despite lacking the proper grounds to do so; (3) on May 20, 2008, Defendant Richard Meyer, Essex County Supreme and Family Court Judge, heard and granted the petition for removal despite lacking the authority to do so; (4) sometime between November 26, 2008, and December 4, 2008, Defendant John Delehanty, Franklin County Assistant District Attorney, had Plaintiff falsely arrested; (5) in September 2009, Defendant Delehanty unlawfully sought Plaintiff's arrest for violating an order of protection despite dismissal of the charge by a Grand Jury in June 2009; and(6) Defendant Kim Marie, foster care case worker for Essex County, discriminated against him during the custody evaluation. (Id.) For a more detailed recitation of Plaintiff's allegations, the Court refers the reader to the Complaint in its entirety, and to Magistrate Judge Homer's Report-Recommendation. (Dkt. Nos. 1, 5.)
B. Magistrate Judge Homer's Report-Recommendation and Plaintiff's Objections to the Report-Recommendation
On June 15, 2011, Magistrate Judge Homer issued a Report-Recommendation recommending that Plaintiff's Complaint be dismissed against Defendants Meyer, Champagne, and Delehanty pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§1915(e)(2)(B), and directed service of process as to the remaining Defendants in the action. (See generally Dkt. No. 5.)
On June 29, 2011, Plaintiff filed an Objection/Clarification to the Report-Recommendation. (Dkt. No. 9.) In his Objection, Plaintiff first clarifies that the basis for his current incarceration is an assault charge and not a charge for violating an order of protection, and that the basis for the current action is the unfair treatment that he and his children received by "government agencies of Essex and Franklin [C]ounties" when they conspired to illegally seize his children and maliciously incarcerated him to prevent their return to his custody. (Dkt. No. 9.) Plaintiff then argues that Magistrate Judge Homer erred in recommending the dismissal of Plaintiff's claims against Defendants Meyer and Delehanty because (1) Defendant Meyer did not have legal jurisdiction to oversee the child neglect proceeding, and (2) Defendant Delehanty pursued a warrant for Plaintiff's arrest based on a probation violation which was dismissed, and in doing so, acted outside the scope of his authority as a prosecutor. (Dkt. No. 9.) Plaintiff did not submit an Objection with regard to the portion of the Report-Recommendation recommending dismissal of Defendant Champagne.
II. APPLICABLE LEGAL STANDARDS
A. Standard of Review Governing a Report-Recommendation
When a specific objection is made to a portion of a magistrate judge's report-recommendation, the Court subjects that portion of the report-recommendation to a de novo review. Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(2); 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C). To be "specific," the objection must, with particularity, "identify  the portions of the proposed findings, recommendations, or report to which it has an objection and  the basis for the objection." N.D.N.Y. L.R. 72.1(c).*fn1 When performing such a de novo review, "[t]he judge may . . . receive further evidence. . . ." 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). However, a district court will ordinarily refuse to consider evidentiary material that could have been, but was not, presented to the magistrate judge in the first instance.*fn2
When only a general objection is made to a portion of a magistrate judge's report-recommendation, the Court subjects that portion of the report-recommendation to only a clear error review. Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(2),(3); Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b), Advisory Committee Notes: 1983 Addition.*fn3 Similarly, when an objection merely reiterates the same arguments made by the objecting party in its original papers submitted to the magistrate judge, the Court subjects that portion of the report-recommendation challenged by those arguments to only a clear error review.*fn4 Finally, when no objection is made to a portion of a report-recommendation, the Court subjects that portion of the report-recommendation to only a clear error review. Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b), Advisory Committee Notes: 1983 Addition. When performing such a "clear error" review, "the court need only satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record in order to accept the recommendation." Id.*fn5
After conducing the appropriate review, the Court may "accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge." 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C).
B. Standard of Review Governing a Dismissal Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e) and 1915(A)
Magistrate Judge Homer correctly recited the legal standard governing a dismissal pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e) and 1915(A). (Dkt. No. 5.) As a result, this standard is incorporated by reference in this Decision and Order. In addition, Magistrate Judge Homer correctly recited the legal standards governing prosecutorial and judicial immunity. (Id.) As a result, these standards are incorporated by reference in this Decision and Order.
As an initial matter, even when construed with the utmost of liberality, Plaintiff's Objections do not specifically challenge the portion of Magistrate Judge Homer's Report-Recommendation recommending dismissal of Defendant Champagne. As a result, the Court need review this portion of the Report-Recommendation for only clear error. After doing so,the Court can find no error in the Report-Recommendation, clear or otherwise. Magistrate Judge Homer employed the proper standard, accurately recited the facts, and reasonably applied the law to those facts. (Id.) As a result, the portion of Magistrate Judge Homer's Report-Recommendation recommending dismissal of Defendant Champagne is accepted and adopted in its entirety for the reasons stated therein. The Court would add only that this portion of the Report-Recommendation would survive even a de novo review.
Turning to Plaintiff's Objections regarding the recommended dismissal of his claims against Defendants Meyer and Delehanty, the Court finds that these Objections are specific in nature. As a result, the Court reviews de novo the portions of the Report-Recommendation recommending dismissal ofDefendants Meyer and Delehanty.
With regard to Plaintiff's claims against Defendant Meyer, it is well settled that judicial "immunity is overcome in only two sets of circumstances[:]" (1) when the judge's actions are "non-judicial," i.e., "not taken in the judge's judicial capacity"[;]and (2) when the judge's actions, "though judicial in nature, [are] taken in the complete absence of all jurisdiction." Mireles v. Waco, 502 U.S. 9, 11-12 (1991). Here, Plaintiff argues in his Objections that Judge Meyer "never legally ha[d] jurisdiction" over him in the neglect proceeding, where Judge Meyer found that Plaintiff neglected his children by leaving them in his house for a period of time with their "alcoholic mother," because Judge Meyer previously permitted him to leave his house for work. (Dkt. No. 9.) Even assuming that Judge Meyer punished Plaintiff for engaging in conduct he had previously approved has no bearing on the issue of Judge Meyer having jurisdiction to preside over the neglect proceeding. As a result, and for the reasons stated by Magistrate Judge Homer in his Report-Recommendation, Plaintiff's claims against Defendant Meyer are dismissed on the ground of judicial immunity.
With regard to Plaintiff's claims against Defendant Delehanty, "[t]he key to whether a prosecutor should be afforded absolute immunity is the degree to which the specific conduct at issue is 'intimately associated with the judicial phase of the criminal process.'" DiBlasio v. Novello, 344 F.3d 292, 300 (2d Cir. 2003) (quoting Imbler v. Pachtman, 424 U.S. 409, 430 ). "In assessing whether absolute immunity should attach to a prosecutor, . . . [courts should] . . . focus on the timing of the conduct at issue, drawing a distinction between the investigative and prosecutorial functions, . . . and the authority of the individual claiming immunity to make the decision to initiate a prosecution." DiBlasio, 344 F.3d at 300-01. Here, Plaintiff argues in his Objections that Defendant Delehanty did not act as a prosecutor when he had Plaintiff arrested in September 2009, but rather was acting as a probation officer when he "misrepresented" to Judge Robert Main, Jr. that Plaintiff had violated his probation, "thereby illegally acquiring a warrant to arrest [him]." (Dkt. No. 9.)
Based on Plaintiff's own allegations in his Complaint, he was required to return to jail upon his departure from in-patient counseling pursuant to a stipulation, which he failed to do following his departure from in-patient counseling. (See generally Dkt. No. 1.) As a result, his allegation that he left in-patient counseling and returned to out-patient counseling, i.e., he did not return to jail following his release from in-patient counseling, plausibly suggests that Defendant Delehanty had probable cause to apply for a warrant (regardless of the fact that, ordinarily, it is the probation officer who files for the warrant for a violation of probation).
The Court notes that it is unaware of any cases (nor has Plaintiff provided the Court with the citation to any cases) standing for the proposition that, when an individual is released from incarceration on probation, only the probation department possesses the legal authority to apply for a warrant to have that individual arrested for a violation of his probation. Indeed, the Court has found a handful of cases appearing to support the contrary proposition.*fn6
As a result, the allegations in the Complaint plausibly suggest that Defendant Delehanty is entitled to, at a minimum, qualified immunity for his actions. More specifically, prosecutors of reasonable competence could disagree on the legality of Defendant Delehanty's actions, based on Plaintiff's factual allegations. See, supra, note 6 of this Decision and Order (collecting cases); see also Malley v. Briggs, 475 U.S. 335, 340 (1986) (holding that a police officer seeking a warrant is entitled to qualified immunity); Gelatt v. Cnty. of Broome, N.Y., 811 F. Supp. 61, 68 (N.D.N.Y. 1993) (Scullin, J.) (noting that a probation official who "presents to a judge a set of facts to which he is swearing and requests that there is a need for an arrest warrant to be issued" is entitled to qualified immunity).*fn7
For these reasons, and for the reasons stated by Magistrate Judge Homer in his Report-Recommendation, Plaintiff's claims against Defendants Meyer and Delehanty are dismissed.
ACCORDINGLY, it is
ORDERED that Magistrate Judge Homer's Report-Recommendation (Dkt. No. 5) is ACCEPTED and ADOPTED in its entirety; and it is further
ORDERED that Plaintiff's Complaint (Dkt. No. 1) is DISMISSED as against Defendants Meyer, Delehanty, and Champagne.