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Shahid Mohammed v. Eric H. Holder

December 14, 2011



Mohammed v. Holder


Rulings by summary order do not have precedential effect. Citation to a summary order filed on or after January 1, 2007, is permitted and is governed by Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 32.1 and this court's Local Rule 32.1.1. When citing a summary order in a document filed with this court, a party must cite either the Federal Appendix or an electronic database (with the notation "summary order"). A party citing a summary order must serve a copy of it on any party not represented by counsel.

At a stated term of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, held at the Daniel Patrick Moynihan United States Courthouse, 500 Pearl Street, in the City of New York, on the 14th day of December, two thousand and eleven.


UPON DUE CONSIDERATION of this petition for review of a Board of Immigration 2 Appeals ("BIA") decision, it is hereby ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND DECREED, that the 3 petition for review is DISMISSED.

Shahid Mohammed, a native and citizen of Pakistan, seeks review of a September 17, 2010 5 order of the BIA, affirming the June 11, 2010 decision of an immigration judge ("IJ"), which denied 6 his applications for waivers of inadmissibility under Immigration and Nationality Act ("INA") 7 §§ 212(h) and 212(i) and ordered him removed to Pakistan. In re Mohammed, No. A075 924 069 8 (B.I.A. Sept. 17, 2010), aff'g No. A075 924 069 (Immig. Ct. N.Y. City June 11, 2010). We assume the 9 parties' familiarity with the underlying facts and procedural history of this case. 10 Under the circumstances of this case, we have reviewed the decision of the IJ as 11 supplemented by the BIA. See Yan Chen v. Gonzales, 417 F.3d 268, 271 (2d Cir. 2005).

We review de 12 novo constitutional claims and questions of law. See Guo Qi Wang v. Holder, 583 F.3d 86, 90 (2d Cir. 13 2009).


Under 8 U.S.C. § 1252(a)(2)(B), we lack jurisdiction to review the agency's denial of 16 discretionary relief under INA §§ 212(h) and 212(i). See Atsilov v. Gonzales, 468 F.3d 112, 116-17 (2d 17 Cir. 2006) (where IJ found petitioner statutorily eligible for a hardship waiver but denied relief, "the 18 question before us is solely whether the IJ ha[d] a further ability . . . to deny the waiver in his 19 discretion," which is an "unreviewable discretionary decision"). In addition, 8 U.S.C. § 1252(a)(2)(C) 20 precludes our jurisdiction where, as here, the alien was found removable "by reason of having 21 committed a criminal offense covered in" INA Section 212(a)(2). Maiwand v. Gonzales, 501 F.3d 101, 22 104 (2d Cir. 2007). Nonetheless, we retain jurisdiction to review "constitutional claims or questions 23 of law raised upon a petition for review." 8 U.S.C. § 1252(a)(2)(D); see also Gui Yin Liu v. INS, 508 24 F.3d 716, 721-22 (2d Cir. 2007).

Mohammed's arguments do not raise legal or constitutional issues, but instead essentially 2 take issue with the agency's exercise of discretion. We therefore lack jurisdiction to review his 3 claims. See Maiwand, 501 F.3d at 104-05. The thrust of Mohammed's argument is that the agency, 4 in arriving at its conclusion that an exercise of its discretion was not warranted, did not sufficiently 5 consider evidence of his rehabilitation, the hardship to himself and his family, and his personal and 6 business ties to the United States (including the length of his residence in this country).

This is a 7 quarrel with the weight the agency accorded to various equitable factors in arriving at its conclusion 8 that a waiver was not warranted as a matter of discretion, rather than an assignment of error in law. 9 We therefore lack jurisdiction to review his arguments. See Liu, 508 F.3d at 721-22. 10 In any event, Mohammed's assertions that the agency ignored evidence would not raise a 11 colorable legal claim. See Hongsheng Leng v. Mukasey, 528 F.3d 135, 141 (2d Cir. 2008). Contrary to 12 Mohammed's arguments, the BIA discussed evidence of his rehabilitation, the hardship to his 13 family, and the hardship to himself. In addition, although Mohammed contends that the BIA did 14 not explicitly discuss certain details of the equities in his favor, because the record does not 15 compellingly suggest that the agency ignored this evidence, his argument is without merit. See 16 Contreras-Salinas v. Holder, 585 F.3d 710, 714-15 (2d Cir. 2009).

Finally, Mohammed's argument that the agency's alleged legal errors also constitute a 18 violation of his right to due process does not raise a colorable constitutional claim. See Atsilov, 468 19 F.3d at 117; Saloum v. U.S. Citizenship & Immigration Servs., 437 F.3d 238, 243 (2d Cir. 2006) (noting 20 that the "talismanic invocation of the language of 'due process' itself ...

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