On June 30, 2010, Wesley Waite ("Plaintiff"), filed an amended
complaint ("Complaint") against LifeLinks LLC and Healinc Telecom LLC
(collectively, "Defendants") alleging that Defendants breached the
employment contract with him, dated July 17, 2008, by failing to pay
him, among other things, an increase in salary to $200,000.*fn1
(Complaint, dated June 30, 2010,
¶¶ 47, 82-83.) On November 19, 2010, Defendants asserted counterclaims
against Plaintiff for, among other things, breach of contract and
tortious interference, alleging that Plaintiff conspired
with the president of URelay, a competitor of Defendants, to "destroy"
Defendants' business. (Ans. to Am. Compl. and Counterclaims
("Counterclaim"), ¶¶ 41, 99-102, 109-116.)
On January 14, 2011, the parties engaged in a six-hour settlement conference before United States Magistrate Judge James L. Cott, to whom this matter had been referred. During the settlement conference, Defendants presented an email, dated March 18, 2010, from Plaintiff to Thomas Dafnos ("Dafnos"), the President of URelay (the "March 18 Email"), in which Plaintiff allegedly outlined a plan to undermine and prevent Defendants' business from "prevailing." (Decl. of Christine Carty, dated July 7, 2011 ("Carty Decl."), Ex. A.) While he now disputes the March 18 Email, at no point during the conference with Judge Cott did Plaintiff raise any concern that the email was unauthentic or fraudulent with the Court. (Pl. Mem. ¶ 8, Plaintiff's Affidavit, ("Pl. Aff.") ¶ 3, Decl. of Stanley Schoenbach, dated June 30, 2011 ("Schoenbach's Decl."), ¶ 4.) At the conclusion of the conference, the parties reached a settlement, and Judge Cott set forth the terms of the settlement agreement on the record and directed the parties to memorialize the terms of the agreement in writing. (Settlement Tr., dated Jan. 14, 2011, at 2:8-12, 9:7-11.)
On January 25, 2011, this Court issued an order of discontinuance having been apprised of the settlement.
On August 5, 2011, Magistrate Judge Cott issued a thorough Report and Recommendation ("Report") recommending that the Court deny Plaintiff's May 2, 2011 motion to set aside the settlement agreement and grant Defendants' July 7, 2011 motion to enforce the settlement agreement because, among other reasons: (1) Plaintiff has presented no evidence that Defendants themselves "fabricated the email, nor . . . that Defendants knew that another party had fabricated the email," and "Plaintiff has not demonstrated justifiable reliance on the email in settling his case"; (2) Plaintiff has not established " that the contested e-mail was inauthentic, nor . . . that he believed it to be authentic during the settlement conference"; and (3) the settlement agreement is enforceable because, although "no single factor is decisive," Ciarramella v. Reader's Digest Ass'n, Inc., 131 F.3d 320, 323 (2d Cir. 1997), "the oral settlement agreement satisfies at least three of the four [factors]" that the Second Circuit considers when determining whether such an agreement is enforceable, (Report, dated Aug. 8, 2011, at 7-9, 15 (citing Winston v. Mediafare Ent'mt Corp., 777 F.2d 78, 80 (2d Cir. 1985)).) *fn2
For the reasons set forth below, the Court adopts the Report in its entirety. Plaintiff's motion to set aside the settlement agreement is denied, and Defendants' cross-motion to enforce the settlement agreement is granted.
"The Court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge." 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C); Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b). "To accept the report and recommendation of a magistrate, to which no timely objection has been made, a district court need only satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record." Cobalt Multifamily Investors I, LLC v. Bridge Capital (USVI), LLC, No. 06 Civ. 5738, 2007 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 66349, at *2-3 (S.D.N.Y. 2007) (quoting Nelson v. Smith, 618 F. Supp. 1186, 1189 (S.D.N.Y. 1985)).
The facts and procedural history set forth in the Report are incorporated herein by reference. Having conducted a review of, among other things, the Complaint, Plaintiff's motion, Defendants' cross-motion, the Report, and applicable legal standards, the Court finds that the Report is not clearly erroneous. See Schlaifer Nance & Co. v. Estate of Warhol, 119 F.3d 91 (2d Cir. 1997).
Judge Cott concluded that Plaintiff "cannot prevail on his theory of fraud" because he does not provide "clear and convincing evidence [that] Defendants knew the email was fraudulent at the time of the settlement conference." (Report at 8); see Banque Arabe et Internationale d'Investissement v. Md. Nat'l Bank, 57 F.3d 146, 153 (2d Cir. 1995). Judge Cott also concluded that Plaintiff opted to settle notwithstanding any misgivings he may have had regarding the March 18 Email. (Report at 8-9.) As Judge Cott also noted, Plaintiff fails to acknowledge two other documents which were also discussed at the settlement conference, i.e. a letter dated June 3, 2010 and an email dated June 30, 2010, both referring to Plaintiff "working . . . behind the scenes" to undermine Defendants' company. (Report at 9 n.4, Pl. Mem. ¶ 14, Carty Decl., Exs. B,C.)
Judge Cott concluded that Plaintiff does not demonstrate that both parties shared a similar mistaken belief as to the authenticity of the email. (Report at 10; see Yurman Designs, Inc. v. Garden Jewelry Mfg. Corp., No. 99 Civ. 10507, 2003 WL 22047896, at *3 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 29, 2003); ...