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The People of the State of New York, Appellant v. Bryan M. Kalikow

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Fourth Judicial Department


December 23, 2011

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, APPELLANT,
v.
BRYAN M. KALIKOW, DEFENDANT-RESPONDENT.

Appeal from an order of the Oswego County Court (Walter W. Hafner, Jr., J.), dated July 19, 2010.

People v Kalikow

Decided on December 23, 2011

Appellate Division, Fourth Department

Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.

This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.

PRESENT: SCUDDER, P.J., CENTRA, CARNI, LINDLEY, AND MARTOCHE, JJ.

The order, among other things, granted the motion of defendant to suppress evidence and statements.

It is hereby ORDERED that the order so appealed from is unanimously affirmed.

Memorandum

On appeal from an order suppressing evidence seized from defendant along with statements that he made to the police, the People contend that the warrantless search of defendant was permissible. As the People correctly contend, the police may lawfully arrest a person for violating an ordinance and conduct a search incident to that arrest (see People v Canal, 24 AD3d 1034, lv denied 6 NY3d 846; People v Taylor, 294 AD2d 825; People v Pantusco, 107 AD2d 854, 855-856). If there is no arrest, however, there can be no search incident thereto (see People v Evans, 43 NY2d 160, 165-166; People v Erwin, 42 NY2d 1064, 1065). The record here supports County Court's determination that a police officer merely issued an appearance ticket to defendant for violating a municipal open container ordinance and had no intention of performing a custodial arrest, but that defendant nevertheless was searched. We therefore cannot agree with the People that the search was justified as a search incident to a lawful arrest (see Erwin, 42 NY2d at 1065; cf. Canal, 24 AD3d 1034; Taylor, 294 AD2d at 826).

Entered: December 23, 2011

Frances E. Cafarell Clerk of the Court

20111223

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