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Sean Earley v. Anthony J. Annucci

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK


January 30, 2012

SEAN EARLEY, PLAINTIFF,
v.
ANTHONY J. ANNUCCI, EXECUTIVE COMMISSIONER AND COUNSEL, NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONAL SERVICES; BRIAN FISCHER, COMMISSIONER OF THE NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONAL SERVICES, IN HIS OFFICIAL CAPACITY AND HIS UNOFFICIAL CAPACITY; RICHARD DESIMONE, IN HIS INDIVIDUAL CAPACITY AND HIS OFFICIAL CAPACITY AS ASSOCIATE COUNSEL IN CHARGE OF THE OFFICE OF SENTENCING REVIEW OF THE NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONAL SERVICES; LUCIEN J. LECLAIRE, JR., IN HIS INDIVIDUAL CAPACITY; GLENN S. GOORD, IN HIS INDIVIDUAL CAPACITY; HENRY LEMONS, JR., IN HIS INDIVIDUAL CAPACITY AND HIS OFFICIAL CAPACITY AS CHAIRMAN AND CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER OF THE NEW YORK STATE DIVISION OF PAROLE; GEORGE B. ALEXANDER, IN HIS INDIVIDUAL CAPACITY; ROBERT DENNISON, IN HIS INDIVIDUAL CAPACITY; BRION D. TRAVIS, IN HIS INDIVIDUAL CAPACITY; AND JOHN AND JANE DOES 1-50, VARIOUS TRAINING, SUPERVISORY AND POLICYMAKING EMPLOYEES OF THE NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONAL SERVICES OR THE NEW YORK DIVISION OF PAROLE, IN THEIR INDIVIDUAL CAPACITIES, DEFENDANTS.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Scullin, Senior Judge

ORDER

Currently before the Court are Magistrate Judge Treece's December 28, 2011 Report-Recommendation and Order and Plaintiff's objections thereto. See Dkt. Nos. 83-84. In his Report-Recommendation and Order, Magistrate Judge Treece recommended that this Court grant Defendants' motion for summary judgment on the ground that Defendants were entitled to qualified immunity on all of Plaintiff's claims. See Dkt. No. 83 at 15.

Plaintiff objects to Magistrate Judge's Treece recommendation on the grounds that Magistrate Judge Treece erred (1) when he found that New York Law did not require the sentencing judge to pronounce post-release supervision; (2) when he did not address the qualified immunity defense of Defendant Annucci individually; (3) when he held that the Second Circuit's decision in Scott v. Fischer, 616 F.3d 100 (2d Cir. 2010), controls this case; (4) when he held that Plaintiff's right to be free from administratively imposed post-release supervision was not clearly established at the time that Defendant Annucci acted; and (5) when he held that, despite Defendants' awareness of the invalidity of Plaintiff's conviction, they had no duty or authority to protect Plaintiff's constitutional rights. See generally Dkt. No. 84.

When a party files objections to a magistrate judge's report-recommendation, "the Court makes a 'de novo' determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made.'" LeBron v. Armitage, No. 9:08-CV-0508, 2011 WL 4566439, *1 (N.D.N.Y. Sept. 29, 2011) (quoting 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)). However, a "'party's objections to a Report and Recommendation must be specific and clearly aimed at particular findings in the magistrate's proposal, such that no party be allowed a second bite at the apple by simply relitigating a prior argument.'" Walker v. Fischer, No. 9:08-CV-1078, 2011 WL 4369096, *1 (N.D.N.Y. Sept. 19, 2011) (quoting Machicote v. Ercole, 2011 WL 3809920, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 25, 2011)) (other citation omitted). Similarly, a party may not advance new theories that he could have, but did not, present to the magistrate judge in an attempt to obtain a second bite of the apple. See id. (citations and footnote omitted). Finally, the court reviews for clear error "[g]eneral or conclusory objections, or objections which merely recite the same arguments presented to the magistrate judge[.]" Id. (citations omitted). After conducting the appropriate review, the Court may "'accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge.'" 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).

Plaintiff raised most, if not all, the same arguments he raises in his objections in opposition to Defendants' motion for summary judgment. To the extent that the Court can read any of Plaintiff's objections as raising new theories, he could have, but did not present those theories to Magistrate Judge Treece, and he cannot now attempt to raise them in an effort to get a "second bite of the apple." Thus, the Court need only review Plaintiff's objections to Magistrate Judge Treece's findings and recommendations for clear error. Having completed such review, the Court finds that Plaintiff's objections are without merit.*fn1 Accordingly, the Court hereby

ORDERS that Magistrate Judge Treece's December 28, 2011 Report-Recommendation and Order is ACCEPTED in its entirety for the reasons stated therein; and the Court further

ORDERS that Defendants' motion for summary judgment is GRANTED; and the Court further

ORDERS that the Clerk of the Court shall enter judgment in favor of Defendants and close this case.

IT IS SO ORDERED.


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