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The People of the State of New York v. Vanessa Mckinney

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Fourth Judicial Department


January 31, 2012

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK,
RESPONDENT,
v.
VANESSA MCKINNEY,
DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.

Appeal from a judgment of the Supreme Court, Monroe County (Francis A. Affronti, J.), rendered November 26, 2007.

People v Mckinney

Decided on January 31, 2012

Appellate Division, Fourth Department

Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.

This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.

PRESENT: SMITH, J.P., PERADOTTO, LINDLEY, SCONIERS, AND GORSKI, JJ.

The judgment convicted defendant, upon a jury verdict, of leaving the scene of a personal injury incident and failure to obey a traffic control device.

It is hereby ORDERED that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously modified on the law by reducing the conviction of leaving the scene of a personal injury incident without reporting as a class D felony under Vehicle and Traffic Law § 600 (2) to leaving the scene of a personal injury incident without reporting as a class E felony and by vacating the sentence imposed on count one of the indictment and imposing a sentence of 1 to 4 years on that count and as modified the judgment is affirmed in accordance with the following

Memorandum:

Defendant appeals from a judgment convicting her following a jury trial of, inter alia,

leaving the scene of a personal injury incident as a class D felony (Vehicle and Traffic Law § 600 [2] [a]). As defendant contends, and the People correctly conceded at oral argument of this appeal, the indictment as filed charged defendant with only a class E felony under section 600 (2) (a), for having caused "serious physical injury" to the victim, and thus Supreme Court erred in granting the People's oral motion at trial to amend the indictment to allege that the victim died, thereby raising the offense to a class D felony (see § 600 [2] [c]). Because the People proved at trial beyond a reasonable doubt that defendant left the scene of a personal injury incident that resulted in serious physical injury to another person, we modify the judgment by reducing the conviction from a class D felony to a class E felony. Inasmuch as defendant has already served the maximum term of imprisonment permitted for the class E felony, there is no need to remit the matter to Supreme Court for resentencing on count one (see People v Jackson, 269 AD2d 867, lv denied 95 NY2d 798). Rather, in the interest of judicial economy, we instead further modify the judgment by vacating the sentence imposed on count one and by imposing the maximum allowed for a class E felony, i.e., an indeterminate term of imprisonment of 1 to 4 years.

Entered: January 31, 2012

Frances E. Cafarell Clerk of the Court

20120131

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