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The People of the State of New York v. David Quinones

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Fourth Judicial Department


January 31, 2012

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK,
RESPONDENT,
v.
DAVID QUINONES,
DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.

Appeal from an order of the Supreme Court, Monroe County (Frank P. Geraci, Jr., A.J.), entered August 10, 2010.

People v Quinones

Appellate Division, Fourth Department

Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.

This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.

Decided on January 31, 2012

PRESENT: SMITH, J.P., PERADOTTO, LINDLEY, SCONIERS, AND GORSKI, JJ.

The order determined that defendant is a level three risk pursuant to the Sex Offender Registration Act.

It is hereby ORDERED that the order so appealed from is unanimously affirmed without costs.

Memorandum: We reject the contention of defendant that Supreme Court erred in determining that he is a level three risk pursuant to the Sex Offender Registration Act (Correction Law § 168 et seq.). Defendant failed to request a downward departure to a level two risk, and thus he failed to preserve for our review his contention that the court erred in failing to afford him that downward departure from his presumptive level three risk (see People v Ratcliff, 53 AD3d 1110, lv denied 11 NY3d 708). In any event, we conclude that "defendant failed to present clear and convincing evidence of special circumstances justifying a downward departure" (People v McDaniel, 27 AD3d 1158, 1159, lv denied 7 NY3d 703; see People v Cummings, 81 AD3d 1261, lv denied 16 NY3d 711).

Insofar as defendant contends that the court erred in treating his prior youthful offender adjudication as a conviction pursuant to risk factor nine in the criminal history section of the risk assessment instrument (RAI), that contention is without merit. "As used [in the criminal history section of the RAI], the term crime' includes criminal convictions, youthful offender adjudications and juvenile delinquency findings. The Board [of Examiners of Sex Offenders] concluded that these determinations are reliable indicators of wrongdoing and, therefore, should be considered in assessing an offender's likelihood of reoffense and danger to public safety" (Sex Offender Registration Act: Risk Assessment Guidelines and Commentary, at 6 [2006]; see People v Wilkins, 77 AD3d 588, lv denied 16 NY3d 703; People v Irving, 45 AD3d 1389, 1389-1390, lv denied 10 NY3d 703). Entered: January 31, 2012 Frances E. Cafarell Clerk of the Court

20120131

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