UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
March 15, 2012
VALERIE SULLIVAN, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Leslie G. Foschio United States Magistrate Judge
DECISION and ORDER
Plaintiff, James Dorsey, was an inmate of the Arthur Kill Correctional Facility at the time of filing this action in September 2010. He filed a Prison Authorization (Docket No. 2), pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1)-(4), and was granted permission to proceed in forma pauperis . See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). (Docket No. 5.) He was released from incarceration on or about September 2, 2011. At the time of his release he was an inmate of the Mohawk Correctional Facility. He has filed a motion requesting that an order be issued directing the return of the monies, less 20%, that was withdrawn from his inmate trust account by Mohawk upon his release as a result of the encumbrance that had been placed on his account in order to pay the court's filing fee pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1)-(4). (Docket No. 37.) The money encumbered from plaintiff's account was later forwarded to the court for payment of the filing fee pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1)-(4). *fn1 The motion is DENIED.
Plaintiff claims that he authorized that only 20% of his monthly income or deposits be withheld from his inmate account and to be submitted later to the court for payment of the filing fee, but that, upon his release, Mohawk withheld 100% of his "release fees (217.00)" to be forwarded to the court for payment of the filing fee. He asks that those funds be returned to him less the "agreed 20% of his monthly income, for which at the time of release was $36.00 according with DOCS records [sic]." (Docket No. 37, Supporting Affidavit.) Section 1915(b) of Title 28 provides that: (b)(1) Notwithstanding subsection (a), if a prisoner brings a civil action or files an appeal in forma pauperis, the prisoner shall be required to pay the full amount of a filing fee. The court shall assess and, when funds exist, collect, as a partial payment of any court fees required by law, an initial partial filing fee of 20 percent of the greater of--
(A) the average monthly deposits to the prisoner's account; or
(B) the average monthly balance in the prisoner's account for the 6-month period immediately preceding the filing of the complaint or notice of appeal.
(2) After payment of the initial partial filing fee, the prisoner shall be required to make monthly payments of 20 percent of the preceding month's income credited to the prisoner's account. The agency having custody of the prisoner shall forward payments from the prisoner's account to the clerk of the court each time the amount in the account exceeds $10 until the filing fees are paid.
(3) In no event shall the filing fee collected exceed the amount of fees permitted by statute for the commencement of a civil action or an appeal of a civil action or criminal judgment.
(4) In no event shall a prisoner be prohibited from bringing a civil action or appealing a civil or criminal judgment for the reason that the prisoner has no assets and no means by which to pay the initial partial filing fee.
Pursuant to this sub-section, "prisoner-litigants granted
in forma pauperis status must pay the full amount of
the filing fee to the extent they can afford to, as measured by the
funds in their prison accounts. The fees are paid through periodic
debits from the
plaintiff's prison account, which are forwarded to the court by
the custodial agency." Harris v. City of New York ,
607 F.3d 18, 21 (2d Cir. 2010) (citing 28 U.S.C. § §
1915(b)(1)-(2); *fn2 see also
McGann v. Commissioner , 96 F.3d 28 (2d
Cir.1996) (The PLRA requires prisoner-litigants to pay the full amount
of the filing fee under a carefully-structured regime in which they
pay a fixed percentage of their prison account balances at regular
The New York State Department of Correctional and Community Supervision ("DOCCS") has in place a Directive, No. 2788, Collection and Repayment of Inmate Advances & Obligations, August 9, 2009, at pp. 8-9, to carry out the mandate of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1)-(4) and assist the Court in the collection of the filing fee. Plaintiff's inmate account was encumbered properly pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1)-(4) and said Directive. *fn3
Based on the Authorization signed by plaintiff upon filing this action, a copy of which was forwarded to the Superintendent of the Arthur Kill Correctional Facility, and 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1)-(4), the facility placed an encumbrance on plaintiff's inmate account for any remaining balance of the filing fee after withdrawal of the initial partial payment of the filing fee, see id. , § 1915(b)(1), and each time the spending balance in plaintiff's account exceeded $10.00 the facility at which plaintiff was incarcerated at the time would have encumbered (collected) 20% of all receipts to pay the remaining balance of the filing fee. Pursuant to the language of the statute and DOCCS' Directive, each time the balance exceeds $10.00, 20% of the receipts in the account would have been encumbered (collected) to pay the remaining balance of the filing fee. The facility does not send any payments to the court until the full amount of the fee has been collected or the inmate-plaintiff is released. While the Mohawk Correctional Facility did withdraw $217.94 from plaintiff's inmate account upon his release, what would have been withdrawn and paid to the court was the "sum" of the amounts of each encumbrance that had been "collected" since the time the encumbrance had been established on plaintiff's account pursuant to plaintiff's Prison Authorization. The Prison Authorization was received by the Court ( and is generally received in all prisoner cases where the inmate-plaintiff seeks to proceed in forma pauperis ) upon the filing of the complaint and motion to proceed in forma pauperis . Accordingly, the Court finds that, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1)-(4), the Mohawk Correctional Facility properly collected from plaintiff's inmate account $217.94 upon plaintiff's release and then forwarded said amount to the Court for payment of the filing fee. Plaintiff's motion (Docket No. 37) is DENIED.
Leslie G. Foschio