Appeal from a judgment of the Genesee County Court (Robert C. Noonan, J.), rendered October 28, 2010.
Appellate Division, Fourth Department
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Decided on March 16, 2012
PRESENT: SMITH, J.P., FAHEY, LINDLEY, AND MARTOCHE, JJ.
The judgment convicted defendant, upon a jury verdict, of burglary in the first degree, attempted murder in the second degree and arson in the second degree.
It is hereby ORDERED that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously affirmed.
Memorandum: On appeal from a judgment convicting him upon a jury verdict of, inter alia, attempted murder in the second degree (Penal Law §§ 110.00, 125.25 ) and arson in the second degree (§ 150.15), defendant contends that the evidence is legally insufficient to support the conviction. We reject that contention. Viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to the People (see People v Contes, 60 NY2d 620, 621), we conclude that there is a valid line of reasoning and permissible inferences to support the jury's finding that defendant committed the crimes of which he was convicted based on the evidence presented at trial (see generally People v Bleakley, 69 NY2d 490, 495). Furthermore, viewing the evidence in light of the elements of the crimes as charged to the jury (see People v Danielson, 9 NY3d 342, 349), we conclude that the verdict is not against the weight of the evidence (see generally Bleakley, 69 NY2d at 495).
We reject defendant's contention that County Court erred in refusing to suppress evidence that was seized by a parole officer and provided to the police officers investigating the instant criminal activity. It is well settled that a "parole officer may conduct a warrantless search where the conduct of the parole officer was rationally and reasonably related to the performance of the parole officer's duty' " (People v Nappi, 83 AD3d 1592, 1593, lv denied 17 NY3d 820, quoting People v Huntley, 43 NY2d 175, 181). Here, two parole officers were assisting Batavia police officers in locating defendant, and the parole officers smelled alcohol on defendant's breath. They knew that defendant's special conditions of parole prohibited him from consuming alcohol, and they therefore were acting within their duties in taking samples of his saliva and breath for alcohol and drug testing purposes. Based on the evidence presented at the suppression hearing, we cannot conclude that "the trial court erred, as a matter of law, in concluding that the search of the defendant . . . by [the] parole officer[s], with police assistance, . . . was in furtherance of parole purposes and related to [their] duty' " as parole officers (People v Johnson, 63 NY2d 888, 890, rearg denied 64 NY2d 647; see People v Lynch, 60 AD3d 1479, 1480, lv denied 12 NY3d 926).
Contrary to defendant's further contention, the court did not abuse its discretion in refusing to permit him to introduce evidence of a third party's alleged involvement in the criminal activity. Although "evidence tending to show that another party might have committed the [criminal activity] would be admissible, before such testimony can be received there must be such proof of connection with it, such a train of facts or circumstances as tend clearly to point out [someone] besides [defendant] as the guilty party" (Greenfield v People, 85 NY 75, 89; see People v Schulz, 4 NY3d 521, 529). Furthermore, "[r]emote acts, disconnected and outside of the [criminal activity] itself, cannot be separately proved for such a purpose" (Greenfield, 85 NY at 89; see Schulz, 4 NY3d at 529). Here, given the lack of evidence supporting defendant's theory, "the testimony of the defense witness that the third party in question might have [had a motive to harm one of the residents of the apartment building where the fire occurred] was irrelevant and, indeed, was likely to cause undue prejudice . . . and confusion with respect to the evidence presented to the jury" (People v Prindle, 63 AD3d 1597, 1598, mod on other grounds 16 NY3d 768 [internal quotation marks omitted]; see Schulz, 4 NY3d at 528). "Contrary to the defendant's [further] contention, the court properly allowed the People's witness to testify as an expert in the field of forensic DNA analysis and the court's decision, given the absence of an abuse or improvident exercise of discretion, [will] not be disturbed on appeal" (People v Holman, 248 AD2d 637, 638, lv denied 92 NY2d 853, 861; see generally People v Cronin, 60 NY2d 430, 432-433).
Inasmuch "as defense counsel never specifically objected to the DNA testimony on the grounds he now presses on appeal, namely that [there was an insufficient foundation for the introduction of that evidence due to the testing that was performed], defendant failed to preserve this issue for our review" (People v Encarnacion, 87 AD3d 81, 89, lv denied 17 NY3d 952; see generally People v Gray, 86 NY2d 10, 19). In any event, defendant's contentions go to the weight of the evidence, not its admissibility (see People v Borden, 90 AD3d 1652, 1653). Contrary to defendant's further contention that there was an insufficient chain of custody with respect to the evidence upon which the DNA testing was performed, we conclude that " the circumstances provide reasonable assurances of the identity and unchanged condition' of the evidence" (People v Julian, 41 NY2d 340, 343), and any deficiencies in the chain of custody therefore "affect only the weight of the evidence and not its admissibility" (People v Watkins, 17 AD3d 1083, 1084, lv denied 5 NY3d 771).
Finally, defendant failed to preserve for our review his contention that the orders of protection issued by the court do not comport with CPL 530.13 (see People v Nieves, 2 NY3d 310, 315-317), and we decline to exercise our power to review that contention as a ...