SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Fourth Judicial Department
March 16, 2012
KRISTINE SIMMONS-KINDRON, PLAINTIFF-RESPONDENT,
1218770 ONTARIO INC., DOING BUSINESS AS FYKE TRADING CO., VICTOR J. NICKERSON, DEFENDANTS-APPELLANTS, ET AL., DEFENDANT.
Appeal from an order of the Supreme Court, Erie County (Joseph R. Glownia, J.), entered October 7, 2010 in a personal injury action.
Simmons-kindron v 1218770 Ontario Inc.
Decided on March 16, 2012
Appellate Division, Fourth Department
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
PRESENT: CENTRA, J.P., CARNI, LINDLEY, SCONIERS, AND MARTOCHE, JJ.
The order denied the motion of defendants 1218770 Ontario Inc., doing business as Fyke Trading Co., and Victor J. Nickerson for summary judgment dismissing the complaint.
It is hereby ORDERED that the order so appealed from is unanimously reversed on the law without costs, the motion is granted, and the complaint against defendants 1218770 Ontario Inc., doing business as Fyke Trading Co., and Victor J. Nickerson is dismissed.
Memorandum: Plaintiff commenced this action seeking damages for injuries she sustained when the vehicle she was driving was rear-ended by a truck owned by 1218770 Ontario Inc., doing business as Fyke Trading Co., and driven by Victor J. Nickerson (collectively, defendants). We agree with defendants that Supreme Court erred in denying their motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint against them based on the emergency doctrine. That doctrine " recognizes that when [a driver] is faced with a sudden and unexpected circumstance which leaves little or no time for thought, deliberation or consideration, or causes the [driver] to be reasonably so disturbed that [he or she] must make a speedy decision without weighing alternative courses of conduct, the [driver] may not be negligent if the actions taken are reasonable and prudent in the emergency context' " (Caristo v Sanzone, 96 NY2d 172, 174, quoting Rivera v New York City Tr. Auth., 77 NY2d 322, 327, rearg denied 77 NY2d 990). "[I]t generally remains a question for the trier of fact to determine whether an emergency existed and, if so, whether the [driver's] response thereto was reasonable" (Schlanger v Doe, 53 AD3d 827, 828; see Heye v Smith, 30 AD3d 991, 992; Esposito v Wright, 28 AD3d 1142, 1143). Nevertheless, summary judgment is appropriate " when the driver presents sufficient evidence to establish the reasonableness of his or her actions and there is no opposing evidentiary showing sufficient to raise a legitimate question of fact on the issue' " (McGraw v Glowacki, 303 AD2d 968, 969; see Ward v Cox, 38 AD3d 313, 314).
Defendants met their initial burden of establishing that Nickerson was confronted with an emergency situation when plaintiff suddenly entered his lane and that there was nothing he could have done to avoid the collision (see Hotkins v New York City Tr. Auth., 7 AD3d 474, 475; Lucksinger v M.T. Unloading Servs., 280 AD2d 741, 741-742; cf. Fratangelo v Benson, 294 AD2d 880, 881). In support of the motion, defendants submitted the deposition testimony of plaintiff and Nickerson. Plaintiff, who was traveling in the left lane of traffic, admitted that she moved her vehicle to the right lane when traffic in front of her slowed down, but that she failed to observe Nickerson's truck in the right lane. Nickerson testified that he observed plaintiff brake and drive directly in front of his truck. He further testified that he had no time to apply his brakes or to take any evasive action. Indeed, he was moving his foot to the brake pedal when the impact occurred.
In opposition to the motion, plaintiff failed to raise a triable issue of fact whether Nickerson "was negligent in failing to take evasive action to avoid the collision" (Lupowitz v Fogarty, 295 AD2d 576, 576). Plaintiff submitted the deposition testimony of another defendant driver who was behind the truck and who testified that Nickerson may have been traveling 60 to 65 miles per hour immediately before the accident. She failed to demonstrate, however, that Nickerson could have avoided the collision regardless of his speed (see Lucksinger, 280 AD2d at 742). Further, plaintiff's expert affidavit was insufficient to raise a triable issue of fact with respect to the reasonableness of Nickerson's actions (see Wasson v Szafarski, 6 AD3d 1182, 1183).
Entered: March 16, 2012
Frances E. Cafarell Clerk of the Court
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