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Landmark Capital Investments, Inc., Plaintiff-Respondent v. Li-Shan Wang

New York Supreme and/or Appellate Courts Appellate Division, First Department


April 3, 2012

LANDMARK CAPITAL INVESTMENTS, INC., PLAINTIFF-RESPONDENT,
v.
LI-SHAN WANG, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT, INNOVATION DATATRONICS CORPORATION, DEFENDANT.

Landmark Capital Invs., Inc. v Li-Shan Wang

Decided on April 3, 2012

Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.

This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.

Friedman, J.P., DeGrasse, Freedman, Abdus-Salaam, JJ.

Judgment, Supreme Court, New York County (Marcy S. Friedman, J.), entered December 22, 2010, awarding plaintiff the total amount of $69,211.12, unanimously affirmed, with costs. Judgment, same court (Louis Crespo, Special Referee), entered December 22, 2010, which awarded plaintiff attorneys' fees in the total amount of $21,489.60, unanimously affirmed, with costs.

The record supports the finding that defendant Wang (defendant) was properly served. The detailed description of the service attempts on defendant and of the interior of defendant's building supported the determination that the process server was credible. Although the process server was under investigation for improper record keeping by the Department of Consumer Affairs, the relevant portions of the record support the finding that his version of facts was accurate (cf. Matter of Barr v Department of Consumer Affairs of City of N.Y., 70 NY2d 821 [1987]). Plaintiff established its entitlement to judgment as a matter of law by relying in part on the original loan file prepared by its assignor. Plaintiff relied on these records in its regular course of its business (see Merrill Lynch Bus. Fin. Servs. Inc. v Trataros Constr., Inc., 30 AD3d 336, 337 [2006], lv denied 7 NY3d 715 [2006]). Defendant failed to raise a triable issue as to whether plaintiff was "doing business in this state without authority," which, under Business Corporation Law § 1312(a), would preclude it from bringing suit. Although plaintiff often purchased debt held by New York debtors, this, as an activity carried on by an Ohio company with no offices or employees in New York, is not sufficient to constitute doing business under section 1312 (see Beltone Elecs. Corp. v Selbst, 58 AD2d 560 [1977]).

Defendant also failed to raise a triable issue on her defense of fraudulent inducement. Defendant did not allege any misstatement by the maker of the loan. Rather, she asserted that she signed the guaranty without knowing what it was, which does not constitute a defense (see Imero Fiorentino Assoc. v Green, 85 AD2d 419, 420 [1982]). Nor did the court abuse its discretion in allowing plaintiff to make a second summary judgment motion correcting certain defects, where that motion clearly enhanced judicial efficiency (see Detko v McDonald's Rests. of N.Y., 198 AD2d 208, 209 [1993], lv denied 83 NY2d 752 [1994]).

We have considered the remaining arguments and find them unavailing.

THIS CONSTITUTES THE DECISION AND ORDER OF THE SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE DIVISION, FIRST DEPARTMENT.

ENTERED: APRIL 3, 2012

CLERK

20120403

© 1992-2012 VersusLaw Inc.



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