Appeal from a judgment of the Supreme Court, Monroe County (David D. Egan, J.), rendered August 8, 2008.
Decided on April 20, 2012
Appellate Division, Fourth Department
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
PRESENT: CENTRA, J.P., PERADOTTO, SCONIERS, AND MARTOCHE, JJ.
The judgment convicted defendant, upon a jury verdict, of assault in the second degree.
It is hereby ORDERED that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously affirmed.
Memorandum: On appeal from a judgment convicting him upon a jury verdict of assault in the second degree (Penal Law § 120.05 ), defendant contends that the evidence is legally insufficient to establish that he intended to cause serious physical injury to the 66-year-old victim. We reject that contention. The victim and another witness testified at trial that defendant repeatedly punched the victim in the face while he was standing and after defendant had knocked him to the ground. Further, defendant struck the victim with sufficient force to cause a retrobulbar hemorrhage, as well as a fracture of the orbit, complete displacement of the lens and damage to the retina of the victim's right eye, which resulted in permanent partial loss of vision. Defendant is " presumed to intend the natural and probable consequences of his actions' " (People v Roman, 13 AD3d 1115, 1116, lv denied 4 NY3d 802), and the natural and probable consequence of repeatedly punching a defenseless man in the face is that he will sustain a serious physical injury within the meaning of Penal Law § 10.00 (10) (see People v Meacham, 84 AD3d 1713, 1714, lv denied 17 NY3d 808; People v Angelo M., 231 AD2d 925, 925-926, lv denied 89 NY2d 862, 1087).
The sentence is not unduly harsh or severe.
Frances E. Cafarell Clerk of the Court
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