Appeal from a judgment of the Erie County Court (Michael L. D'Amico, J.), rendered January 28, 2008.
Appellate Division, Fourth Department
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Decided on April 27, 2012
PRESENT: SCUDDER, P.J., CENTRA, CARNI, LINDLEY, AND MARTOCHE, JJ.
The judgment convicted defendant, upon a jury verdict, of promoting prostitution in the second degree and assault in the second degree.
It is hereby ORDERED that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously affirmed.
Memorandum: In appeal No. 1, defendant appeals from a judgment convicting him following a jury trial of promoting prostitution in the second degree (Penal Law § 230.30 ) and assault in the second degree (§ 120.05 ). In appeal No. 2, defendant appeals from a judgment convicting him, following the same jury trial, of three counts of murder in the second degree (§ 125.25 , ). We reject defendant's contention that County Court erred in denying his motion to sever the two murder counts relating to one victim from the remaining murder count relating to the second victim. Even assuming, arguendo, that those counts were not properly joinable pursuant to CPL 200.20 (2) (b), we nevertheless conclude that the offenses were properly joinable given that they "are defined by the same or similar statutory provisions and consequently are the same or similar in law" (CPL 200.20  [c]; see People v June, 30 AD3d 1016, 1017, lv denied 7 NY3d 813, 868). We further conclude that the court did not abuse its discretion in denying defendant's motion for severance with respect to the murder counts "in the interest of justice and for good cause shown" (CPL 200.20 ; see People v Mahboubian, 74 NY2d 174, 183). There was not a "substantial difference in the quantum of proof presented with respect to the separate" murders (People v McDougald, 155 AD2d 867, lv denied 75 NY2d 870; see CPL 200.20  [a]), and defendant did not demonstrate that he had a "genuine need to refrain" from testifying with respect to one of the murders (CPL 200.20  [b]). Although defendant contends that the court also erred in consolidating the two indictments for trial, that contention is unpreserved for our review (see CPL 470.05 ), and it lacks merit in any event.
We reject defendant's further contention that he was deprived of a fair trial by the court's Molineux ruling. The Molineux evidence admitted at trial was relevant to establish defendant's motive for beating and killing the victims, and to establish defendant's modus operandi and common scheme of using physical abuse to instill fear and obedience in the prostitutes who worked for him (see People v Molineux, 168 NY 264, 293-294). We further conclude that the court did not abuse its discretion in determining that the probative value of the evidence outweighed its potential for prejudice (see People v Alvino, 71 NY2d 233, 242). Defendant failed to preserve for our review his challenge to the court's Sandoval ruling (see People v Caswell, 49 AD3d 1257, 1258, lv denied 11 NY3d 735, 740; People v Hawkes, 39 AD3d 1209, 1211, lv denied 9 NY3d 844, 845) and, in any event, his challenge is without merit.
Defendant further contends that the court violated his right to confront witnesses against him by allowing the Deputy Chief Medical Examiner of Erie County to testify as to the cause of death of one of the victims even though she did not perform the autopsy on that victim. According to defendant, he should have been allowed to confront the individual who performed the autopsy. Defendant failed to preserve that contention for our review (see People v Evans, 59 AD3d 1127, 1127-1128, lv denied 12 NY3d 815). We note in any event that any error in the admission of the testimony is harmless (see generally People v Crimmins, 36 NY2d 230, 237), particularly in view of the absence of prejudice suffered by defendant as a result of the admission of that testimony (see generally People v Bryant, 27 AD3d 1124, 1125-1126, lv denied 7 NY3d 753). In light of the brutal and sadistic nature of defendant's crimes and his utter lack of remorse, we reject his challenges to the severity of the sentences imposed.
Finally, we have reviewed defendant's contentions raised in his pro se supplemental brief and ...