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The People of the State of New York, Respondent v. Christopher Moustakos

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Fourth Judicial Department


April 27, 2012

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, RESPONDENT,
v.
CHRISTOPHER MOUSTAKOS, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.

Appeal from a judgment of the Cayuga County Court (Thomas G. Leone, J.), rendered March 31, 2011.

People v Moustakos

Decided on April 27, 2012

Appellate Division, Fourth Department

Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.

This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.

PRESENT: CENTRA, J.P., PERADOTTO, LINDLEY, SCONIERS, AND MARTOCHE, JJ.

The judgment convicted defendant, upon his plea of guilty, of attempted promoting prison contraband in the first degree.

It is hereby ORDERED that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously affirmed.

Memorandum: On appeal from a judgment convicting him upon his plea of guilty of attempted promoting prison contraband in the first degree (Penal Law §§ 110.00, 205.25 [2]), defendant contends that he was denied due process and his right to a speedy trial based on a delay of just over seven months between the date of the incident and the date the indictment was issued. Applying the factors set forth in People v Taranovich (37 NY2d 442, 445), we reject that contention (see People v Vernace, 96 NY2d 886, 887-888). "There is no specific temporal period by which a delay may be evaluated or considered presumptively prejudicial' " (People v Romeo, 12 NY3d 51, 56, cert denied ___ US ___, 130 S Ct 63, quoting Doggett v United States, 505 US 647, 652), but a delay of just over seven months alone is insufficient to require dismissal of the indictment (see People v Doyle, 50 AD3d 1546; People v Walker, 2 AD3d 1454, lv denied 2 NY3d 808; People v Beyah, 302 AD2d 981, lv denied 99 NY2d 626). The delay was caused in part by an investigative delay inherent in the process by which crimes that occur in prison are referred to the District Attorney's Office, and defendant does not contend that the delay was caused by bad faith (see Romeo, 12 NY3d at 56-57). "The charge against defendant was serious, involv[ing] the safety and security of a correctional facility' . . . Moreover, because defendant was already incarcerated on a prior felony conviction, the delay caused no further curtailment of his freedom' . . . Finally, we are unable to conclude on the record before us that the defense has been impaired by reason of the delay" (People v Jenkins, 2 AD3d 1390, 1391; see People v Coggins, 308 AD2d 635, 636; People v Richardson, 298 AD2d 711, 712).

Entered: April 27, 2012

Frances E. Cafarell Clerk of the Court

20120427

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