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Salvatore J. Giarrizzo v. (Mad/Ghl) Eric H. Holder

June 22, 2012


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Mae A. D'Agostino, U.S. District Judge:



Plaintiff brings this action, pro se, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq. ("Title VII") based on the gender discrimination he claims to have suffered during his employment with the Federal Bureau of Investigation ("FBI"). Presently before the Court is plaintiff's motion to reconsider this Court's prior Memorandum-Decision and Order dated March 5, 2012 denying plaintiff's request for sanctions. (Dkt. No. 186). Defendant has opposed the motion. Familiarity with the facts of this case is assumed based on this Court's previous Orders and will not be repeated herein.


The within motion constitutes the third attempt by plaintiff to persuade this Court to reconsider it's prior ruling. Plaintiff's previous motions lacked any reference to any applicable Federal or Local Rule. (Dkt. Nos. 160 and 170). In the prior Memorandum-Decision and Orders, the Court discussed the stringent requirements on a motion for reconsideration and addressed the inadequacies of plaintiff's arguments in light of those standards. Despite the prior rulings and consistent with the prior motions, the within motion lacks any reference to any Federal Rules or Local Rules. The Court will, as it has done previously, construe plaintiff's motion liberally, in light of his pro se status, and assume that plaintiff seeks relief under Rule 60*fn1 and Local Rule 7.1(g)*fn2 .

Relief under Rule 60 is considered "extraordinary judicial relief." Nemaizer v. Baker, 793 F.2d 58, 61 (2d Cir.1986). The standards for motions under local district court rules are very similar to those used for motions to reconsider under Rule 60(b). See McAnaney v. Astoria Fin. Corp., 2008 WL 222524 (E.D.N.Y. 2008) (discussing cases). A motion to reconsider will generally be denied unless the moving party or parties can show that the court overlooked facts or controlling law that "might reasonably be expected to alter the conclusion reached by the court." Shrader v. CSX Transp., Inc., 70 F.3d 255, 257 (2d Cir. 1995) (citations omitted). Generally, "[a] court may justifiably reconsider its previous ruling if: (1) there is an intervening change in controlling law; (2) new evidence not previously available comes to light; or (3) it becomes necessary to remedy a clear error of law or to prevent manifest injustice." Cioce v. County of Westchester, 128 F. App'x 181, 185 (2d Cir. 2005). Motions to vacate or to reconsider should not be granted if a moving party seeks only to relitigate an issue that has already been fully considered by the court. Shrader, 70 F.3d at 257. The Second Circuit has warned, that a Rule 60 motion may not be used as a substitute for appeal and that a claim based on legal error alone is inadequate. United Airlines, Inc. v. Brien, 588 F.3d 158, 176 (2d Cir. 2009).

In the prior Memorandum-Decision and Order, the Court denied plaintiff's request for sanctions. The Court reasoned that plaintiff failed to prove that documents he claimed were "missing" were ever actually in existence. Moreover, plaintiff failed to establish that he suffered any prejudice or demonstrate that defendant's conduct was egregious.

Initially, the Court must address defendant's opposition to the motion and the exhibits attached thereto. In defendant's Memorandum of Law in Opposition, counsel addressed the previously submitted February 21, 2012 affidavit executed by Bill Lewis. At the Court's direction, defendant conducted a search for certain documentation in the Hardship Transfer Review Board's ("HTRB") files. Mr. Lewis averred that he was unable to locate the following documents: (1) Nathan Littauer Hospital emergency room medical records of [plaintiff's] wife;

(2) plaintiff's military and cardiology medical records; and (3) general medical research relating to miscarriage, stress, infertility, and heart disease. In the memorandum, counsel explains, "[s]ince that time, defendant has located documents that appear to be [ ] the missing exhibits . . .". On March 23, 2012, defense counsel produced the aforementioned exhibits at plaintiff's deposition. Defendant claims that plaintiff was unwilling to confirm that these were copies of the documents attached to his appeal.

The Court is deeply troubled that Mr. Lewis inexplicably provided a sworn statement indicating that the aforementioned documents could not be found and then, less than one month later, the documents were surprisingly located and exchanged. Counsel offered no explanation for how, why or when the documents were suddenly located. More disconcerting is counsel's bold accusation that plaintiff is acting in bad faith by failing to withdraw his motion. While the exchange of discovery under these circumstances serves as "some evidence" that defendant should be sanctioned for discovery violations, Mikhlyn v. Bove, 2011 WL 4529619, at *4 (E.D.N.Y. 2011), the Court will not reconsider it's prior ruling as plaintiff wholly failed to address this issue in his motion to reconsider and neglected to mention or acknowledge receipt of the aforementioned documentation/material.

Plaintiff's motion is based entirely upon his prior arguments. To wit, that defendant should be sanctioned for withholding documents that must exist based upon the FBI Manual of Administrative Operations and Procedures ("MAOP"). Plaintiff has not asserted any new arguments and merely attempts to relitigate issues already decided by this Court. See Shrader v. CSX Transp., Inc. 70 F.3d 255, 257 (2d Cir. 1995). A motion to reconsider may not be used by an "unhappy litigant" as "one additional chance to sway the judge." Key Mechanical Inc. v. BDC 56 LLC., 2002 WL 467664, at *3 (S.D.N.Y. 2002). Upon review of the voluminous record, the Court finds that plaintiff has failed to establish any basis for the extraordinary relief sought herein. Plaintiff has not established any change in the controlling law and failed to cite to any new evidence. Moreover, plaintiff does not claim "clear error" and has not established any manifest injustice.

The Court notes that plaintiff presented novel arguments regarding a Text Minute Entry prepared after a Status Conference before United States Magistrate Judge George L. Lowe on April 27, 2009. The entry reads:

Plaintiff is to complete his review of the documents he has received, but hold off on reporting any incomplete documents to Mr. Roberts as this will be addressed at a later date.

Plaintiff argues that this Court's challenge to the relevance of the documents that plaintiff asserts are "missing" is, "unfair in light of the fact that the Court instructed plaintiff to stop adding to the existing compilation of discovery omissions and errors almost three years ago". The Court rejects these arguments as untimely, improper and meritless. In the original motion for sanctions, plaintiff did not mention this Text Entry. As such, any argument relating to the entry is not properly before the Court. A motion for reconsideration is not an "opportunity for making new arguments that could have been previously advanced". SBO Pictures, Inc. v. Does 1-20, 2012 WL 2304253, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. 2012). Furthermore, the reference is to a "text entry" not a "text order". However, to the extent that plaintiff viewed this entry as an "order" or "directive" from Judge Lowe, ...

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