The opinion of the court was delivered by: Thomas J. McAVOY, Senior United States District Judge
Plaintiff Susan Kesick commenced this action asserting claims pursuant to the civil Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act, 18 U.S.C. § 1961 et seq. ("RICO"), and New York State common law.*fn1 Plaintiff moves for summary judgment on her RICO claims, or, in the alternative, for default judgment against Defendants for failing to provide any discovery. See dkt. # 13. Defendant Richard Enrique Ulloa's request for permission to file late opposition papers to Plaintiff's motion for summary judgment, see dkt. # 26, was denied. See 5/4/12 by Dec. & Ord., dkt. # 28. Defendant Rivera filed no response to the motion, and Defendant Doe has not been identified. For the reasons that follow, Plaintiff's motion for summary judgment is granted in part as against Defendants Ulloa and Rivera. The claims against defendant John Doe are dismissed for failure to name and serve the individual.
On a motion for summary judgment the Court must construe the properly disputed facts in the light most favorable to the non-moving party, see Scott v. Harris, 127 S. Ct. 1769, 1776 (2007), and may grant summary judgment only where "there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(a); see O'Hara v. National Union Fire Ins. Co. of Pittsburgh, PA, 642 F.3d 110, 116 (2d Cir. 2011)("Summary judgment is appropriate only if, after drawing all permissible factual inferences in favor of the non-moving party, there is no genuine issue of material fact and the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law."). Even though the motion is unopposed, the Court may not grant summary judgment unless it determines that the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Vermont Teddy Bear Co. v. 1-800 Beargram Co., 373 F.3d 241, 242 (2d Cir. 2004); see also D.H. Blair & Co., Inc. v. Gottdiener, 462 F.3d 95, 110 (2d Cir. 2006) ("Even unopposed motions for summary judgment must fail where the undisputed facts fail to show that the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.") (internal quotation marks omitted).
Due to Defendants' failures to file proper opposition to the pending motion despite being served with the motion papers and the Northern District's "NOTIFICATION OF THE CONSEQUENCES OF FAILING TO RESPOND TO A SUMMARY JUDGMENT MOTION," see dkt. # 19, the supported factual allegations in Plaintiff's papers are deemed admitted for purposes of this motion. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(e)(2); N.D.N.Y. L.R. 7.1(a)(3); see also Faretta v. California, 95 S. Ct. 2525, 2541 n. 46 (1975)("The right of self-representation is not a license . . . not to comply with relevant rules of procedural and substantive law."); Edwards v. INS, 59 F.3d 5, 8 (2nd Cir. 1995)("While a pro se litigant's pleadings must be construed liberally, . . . pro se litigants generally are required to inform themselves regarding procedural rules and to comply with them."); N.Y. Teamsters Conference Pension & Ret. Fund v. Express Servs., Inc., 426 F.3d 640, 648-49 (2d Cir. 2005)(upholding grant of summary judgment where "[t]he district court, applying Rule 7.1(a)(3) strictly, reasonably deemed [movant's] statement of facts to be admitted" because the non-movant submitted a responsive Rule 7.1(a)(3) statement that "offered mostly conclusory denials of [movant's] factual assertions and failed to include any record citations."); Gubitosi v. Kapica, 154 F.3d 30, 31 n. 1 (2d Cir. 1998)(per curiam)(accepting as true material facts contained in unopposed local rule statement of material facts). These facts are as follows.
On March 1, 2009, as the result of a traffic stop, a criminal complaint was sworn out against Defendant Ulloa by Ulster County Deputy Sheriff George F. Goodwin. The criminal complaint accused Ulloa of Aggravated Unlicensed Operation of a Motor Vehicle ("AUO"), a misdemeanor violation of Section 511 of the New York Motor Vehicle and Traffic Law. In connection therewith, Ulloa was issued an appearance ticket directing him to appear before the Ulster Town Court at 2:30 p.m. on March 4, 2009. Ulloa failed to appear in Town Court on the designated return date.
On March 5, 2009, Plaintiff Susan Kesick, a Justice of the Ulster Town Court reviewed and signed an Arrest Warrant for Ulloa on his misdemeanor AUO charge and for his failure to appear in Town Court the previous day. Ulloa was subsequently arrested, appeared before the Town Court, and released on bail on April 8, 2009. At the time of his release, Kesick signed an Order for Ulloa to undergo a psychological evaluation pursuant to Criminal Procedure Law Article 730 to determine if he possessed the capacity to understand the proceedings against him. Plaintiff asserts that, thereafter and as part of a pattern of racketeering activity by a criminal enterprise and furtherance of a scheme to defraud, extort, and otherwise damage Kesick, Defendants Ulloa, Rivera and Doe, with the assistance of others, began sending and filing fraudulent notices, liens and UCC Financing Statements as set forth below.
On April 21, 2009, Ulloa commenced an action against Kesick by filing with the Ulster County Clerk's Office and mailing Kesick an "Order" and "Criminal Complaint" together with two additional nonsensical documents identified as: "Notice and Demand: Writ of Error Coram Nobis Demand For Reversal of Order Due to Lack of Jurisdiction" ("Writ of Error") and "Petition for Writ of Mandamus for an Order to Cease and Desist the Action in 'Town of Ulster Court', 'Ulster Town Court'" ("Writ of Mandamus"). Defendant Rivera assisted Defendant Ulloa with these documents and attested to their accuracy. Ulloa also sent, by registered United States Mail, the "Order" and "Criminal Complaint" to Eric Dinallo, Superintendent of the New York State Insurance Commissioner's Office. Ulloa also mailed his "criminal complaint" to numerous other persons, including Deputy Chief Administrative Judge Jan Plummadore, Ulster County Executive Michael Hein, New York State Attorney General Andrew Cuomo, and New York State Comptroller Thomas DiNapoli.
In his "criminal complaint", Ulloa falsely accused Kesick, Deputy Goodwin and Assistant Ulster County District Attorney David Boole of kidnaping, conspiracy, racketeering, perjury, money laundering and mail fraud, among other crimes. Included as an exhibit to Defendant's "criminal complaint" was an "Invoice" in the amount of $8,820,750.00 for some unknown purpose. Despite having failed to personally serve Kesick or any of the other defendants named in the action, on June 4, 2009, Ulloa filed an "Order for Summary Judgment" which the Court deemed a notice of motion seeking a default judgment.
On June 17, 2009, Kesick served Answers to Defendant's "Criminal Complaint", "Writ of Error," and "Writ of Mandamus." Thereafter, Kesick and the other named defendants cross-moved for various forms of relief, including dismissal of the action. On July 28, 2009, Ulloa filed with the Town of Ulster Justice Court Clerk and mailed an "Affidavit of Negative Averment, Opportunity to Cure, and Counterclaim" ("Negative Averment"). Ulloa's Negative Averment was a purportedly self executing document in which he claims to be owed several million dollars for "crimes," fraud, racketeering and theft of public funds, plus interest, treble and punitive damages.
On August 24, 2009, Ulloa filed with the Town of Ulster Justice Court and mailed a "Demand for Payment", "Invoice" and "Affidavit of Notary Presentment" (hereinafter "Notary Presentment") falsely claiming that Kesick owed him the sum of $176,000,000.00. Ulloa's "Demand for Payment", "Invoice" and "Notary Presentment" falsely accuse Kesick of committing numerous civil and criminal wrongs including, inter alia, fraud, racketeering, theft of public funds and continuing trespass. Ulloa's fraudulent papers were also sent via United States Mail to the numerous individuals listed in the Notary Presentment.
On September 20, 2009, Defendants filed with the Town of Ulster Justice Court Clerk and mailed a "Second Demand for Payment", "Invoice" and "Notary Presentment" again falsely claiming Kesick owed Ulloa the sum of $176,000,000.00. Defendants' "Second Demand for Payment", "Invoice" and "Notary Presentment" again falsely accuse Kesick of committing various civil and criminal wrongs including, inter alia, fraud, racketeering, theft of public funds and continuing trespass. Plaintiff believes that Defendants' "Second Demand for Payment", "Invoice" and "Notary Presentment" were sent via United States Mail to the numerous individuals listed in the Notary Presentment.
On October 23, 2009, Defendants filed with the Town of Ulster Justice Court Clerk a "Final Demand for Payment", "Invoice" and "Notary Presentment", again reasserting the false claim that Kesick owed Ulloa the sum of $176,000,000.00. Defendants' "Final Demand for Payment", "Invoice" and "Notary Presentment" again falsely accuse Kesick of committing various civil and criminal wrongs including, inter alia, fraud, racketeering, theft of public funds and continuing trespass. Plaintiff believes that Defendants' "Final Demand for Payment", "Invoice" and "Notary Presentment" were sent via United States Mail to the numerous individuals listed in the Notary Presentment.
On November 10, 2009, Defendants filed with the Town of Ulster Justice Court Clerk and the Ulster County Clerk and mailed a bogus "Notice of Final Determination and Judgment in Nihil Dicit" (hereinafter "Judgment"), signed by Ulloa, falsely purporting to be a final judgment in the amount of $176,000,000, and indicating that it was a "self executing power of attorney to file liens and encumbrances against any and all property" owned by Kesick.
On January 7, 2010, New York Acting Supreme Court Justice Kimberly A.
O'Conner issued a Decision and Order dismissing the action against Kesick based upon lack of personal jurisdiction. Despite the fact the action against Kesick had been dismissed, on February 12, 2010, Defendants mailed UCC-1 Financing Statement No.: 201002120082030 and a "Notice of Claim of Maritime Lien" to the New York State Department of State for purposes of filing those documents. In the UCC-1 filing, Ulloa falsely claimed an interest in virtually all of Kesick's personal and real property to satisfy an alleged lien in the sum of $5,280,000,000.00 (or $176,000,000.00 in silver).
The New York State Department of State records reflect that Ulloa has filed no less than 35 similar liens and UCC-1 Financing Statements in New York as against various government entities, public servants, judges, banks, law firms and private individuals on nearly identical fraudulent grounds. Moreover, Ulloa filed dozens of similarly false liens and UCC-1 financing statements against other government entities, public servants, judges, banks, law firms and private individuals in the State of Washington. Although Kesick has thus far been unable to locate or discover additional liens filed against her in other states, she believes that, given Ulloa's pattern of harassment and fraudulent filings as against others (including actions for which he has been convicted of multiple felonies), Ulloa has filed (or will file in the future) similar liens and financing statements against her personal and real property.
There never has been any contract or agreement between Kesick and Ulloa that would give rise to any lien or security interest in any of Kesick's real or personal property in favor of Ulloa. In fact, Kesick did not know who Ulloa was until he was brought before her Court on the misdemeanor Vehicle and Traffic Law charge. There is no truth to the statements contained in the documents filed by Defendants in the New York State Courts and Office of the Secretary of State which purportedly perfect a security interest in Kesick's real and personal property.
Defendants have also caused false information regarding Kesick's creditworthiness to be filed in the permanent records of the State of New York, and these cannot be erased. Further, Ulloa has demonstrated his willingness to initiate lawsuits against Kesick without any basis in law or fact, in an attempt to maliciously harass, intimidate and extort money or other benefits from her and other government employees. Plaintiff asserts that Ulloa's frivolous lawsuits and proceedings have already caused immeasurable harm to her name, reputation and mental health.
Kesick was also called as a victim/witness by the Ulster County District Attorney to give testimony to a grand jury that indicted Ulloa on state criminal charges. As a direct result of giving this testimony, Kesick has fears about what Ulloa and/or his associates may do to her or her family. Kesick points to a "summons" (a copy of which was filed in Ulloa's federal criminal case) showing that a dozen people convened a "de jure" court in Ulster County calling for their "County Rangers" to arrest Kesick and seize her assets to cover a purported $176,000,000 debt. See United States v. Ulloa, Case No. 1:10-cr-00321 (N.D.N.Y.), dkt. # 62. Kesick viewed this summons as a threat. The Ulster Police Department issued a security bulletin concerning Ulloa and published it to all Town Court and Town Hall employees warning of the "credible concern" to Kesick's safety posed by Defendants and their conspirators. Due to security concerns caused by Defendants, bullet proof glass was installed inside the Ulster Town Hall building and security has otherwise been tightened in the Town Hall, Town Court courtroom and the Court Clerk's Office.
Kesick was partially successful in an action in New York State Supreme Court against Ulloa. On February 9, 2011, New York State Acting Supreme Court Justice Melkonian, recognizing the "obvious frivolity" of Ulloa's filings against Kesick, issued an injunction prohibiting Ulloa from filing any further pro se actions or proceedings against Kesick without prior court approval. That ...