New York Supreme and/or Appellate Courts SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE TERM, SECOND DEPARTMENT, 2d, 11th and 13th JUDICIAL DISTRICTS
July 25, 2012
ELENA ARTYKOVA, RESPONDENT,
MARINA AVRAMENKO, APPELLANT, -AND- GROUP FAMILY DAY CARE, YUNGA DAY CARE CENTER, XYZ CORP., "JOHN DOE" AND "JANE DOE," UNDERTENANTS.
Appeal from an order of the Civil Court of the City of New York, Kings County (Nancy M. Bannon, J.), entered May 19, 2011.
Artykova v Avramenko
Decided on July 25, 2012
Appellate Term, Second Department
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the printed Miscellaneous Reports.
PRESENT: WESTON, J.P., PESCE and ALIOTTA, JJ
The order denied tenant's motion to vacate a default final judgment in a nonpayment summary proceeding.
ORDERED that the order is reversed, without costs, tenant's motion to vacate the default final judgment is granted, and the petition is dismissed.
Landlord commenced this nonpayment proceeding in the commercial landlord-tenant part, alleging that the premises was used for commercial purposes. After tenant's counsel filed a notice of appearance and a demand "that a copy of the complaint and all papers be served" upon him, a final judgment was entered, upon tenant's failure to answer, awarding possession to landlord. Thereafter, tenant moved to vacate the default final judgment, asserting, among other things, that the premises is in a private two-family house, that she had purchased the residential family daycare facility from landlord, and that she resided therein as required by the applicable New York State regulations. In opposition, landlord claimed, among other things, that she "[does] not know if [tenant] resides there" but she does know that tenant runs a day-care center there. The Civil Court denied tenant's motion, finding that tenant had failed to show an excuse for the default.
As landlord, who sold tenant the daycare operation, has not denied knowing that the premises is in a residential two-family house, and has admitted that the premises is used for a daycare center and, in her brief on appeal, that the operation of this daycare facility requires that someone reside in the premises (see 18 NYCRR 413.2 [j]), landlord is charged with knowledge of the residential nature of the occupancy. In light of the misrepresentation in the petition as to the nature of the occupancy (see CPLR 5015 [a] ) and the strong legislative policy that all summary proceedings to recover residential premises be commenced in the Housing Part (CCA 110 [a] ; see L 1972, ch 982, § 1, as amended by L 1978, ch 310, § 4; Uniform Rules for NY City Civ Ct [22 NYCRR] § 208.42 [a]), the default final judgment should have been vacated and the petition dismissed (see U.B.O. Realty Corp. v Mollica, 257 AD2d 460 ; 379 E. 10th St. LLC v Miller, 23 Misc 3d 137[A], 2009 NY Slip Op 50864[U] [App Term, 1st Dept 2009]; Freeman St. Props., LLC v Coirolo, 17 Misc 3d 137[A], 2007 NY Slip Op 52299[U] [App Term, 2d & 11th Jud Dists 2007]).
Pesce and Aliotta, JJ., concur.
Weston, J.P., dissents in a separate memorandum.
Weston, J.P., dissents and votes to affirm the order in the following memorandum:
In my opinion, the Civil Court correctly concluded that tenant had failed to demonstrate a reasonable excuse for her failure to answer. Accordingly, I respectfully dissent and vote to affirm the order denying tenant's motion to vacate the default final judgment.
To vacate the default judgment, tenant was required to show both a
reasonable excuse for the default and the existence of a potentially
meritorious defense (see Eugene Di Lorenzo, Inc. v A.C. Dutton Lbr.
Co., 67 NY2d 138 ; Rodriguez v Paguay, 35 Misc 3d 142[A], 2012
NY Slip Op 50887[U] [App Term, 2d, 11th
& 13th Jud Dists 2012]). Since tenant offered no excuse for her default, I find no
basis to consider whether tenant demonstrated the existence of a meritorious
defense (see Rodriguez v Paguay, 35 Misc 3d 142[A], 2012 NY Slip Op 50887[U]). In
any event, tenant's submissions fall short of establishing such a defense. Moreover, they
are patently insufficient to justify vacating the default judgment on the ground of "misrepresentation" (see CPLR 5015 [a] ).
Other than tenant's self-serving statements, there is no proof that
landlord misrepresented the nature of the occupancy as commercial - an
allegation that tenant failed to raise before the Civil Court. Nothing
in the record conclusively establishes that the subject premises were
used as a residential two-family house, that tenant resided in the
premises, or that landlord was aware, or should have been aware, that
tenant was required to reside in the premises. In the absence of
evidentiary support, tenant's conclusory assertions fail to
demonstrate a misrepresentation in the petition (cf. Garal
Wholesalers, Ltd. v Raven Brands, Inc., 82 AD3d 1041 ; Newsday,
Inc. v Exotic
& Unique Cars, Inc., 33 Misc 3d 140[A], 2011 NY Slip Op 52135[U] [App
Term, 2d, 11th & 13th Jud Dists 2011]). In any event, they are flatly refuted by landlord's
submissions, which show that the premises were rented solely for commercial purposes,
and that landlord had no knowledge that tenant resided in the premises.
The majority's decision to reject these submissions in favor of tenant's
unsubstantiated allegations, without a hearing, is a blatant abuse of its discretion,
especially where tenant's allegations of misrepresentation are being raised for the first time on
appeal. In my opinion, landlord's submissions, at the very least, raise an issue of fact as to whether
the premises were residential or commercial, precluding dismissal of the petition (see Marbru Assoc. v Kaplan, 148 AD2d 394 ).
Accordingly, I respectfully dissent and vote to affirm the order.
Decision Date: July 25, 2012
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