IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
August 13, 2012
DONALD P. WENDT, PLAINTIFF,
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FARM SERVICE AGENCY, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: David E. Peebles U.S. Magistrate Judge
REPORT, RECOMMENDATION AND ORDER
Presently before the court for review is an amended complaint filed by plaintiff Donald P. Wendt, who is proceeding pro se and was granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis ("IFP"). Having carefully reviewed plaintiff's amended complaint and concluded that it fails to rectify the fatal deficiencies in plaintiff's original pleading that were identified in my report and recommendation of May 2, 2012, I recommend that the amended complaint be dismissed.
Plaintiff filed this action on February 28, 2012 against the United States Department of Agriculture ("USDA"), three agencies within the USDA, and fourteen of its employees, alleging a host of both tort and breach of contract claims, apparently related to the administration and termination of a contract between plaintiff and the USDA, seeking compensatory and punitive damages in an unspecified amount. Dkt. No. 1. Along with his complaint, plaintiff filed an application to proceed IFP. Dkt. No. 2.
Following my initial review of plaintiff's complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915,I issued a report to Chief Judge Gary L. Sharpe, who is assigned to the matter, recommending that the complaint be dismissed in its entirety, with leave to replead. See Dkt. No. 5. That recommendation was based upon the fact that even when broadly construing plaintiff's complaint and affording him the special leniency to which he is entitled as a pro se litigant, I could not identify a plausible claim within this court's jurisdiction. Id. Though it seemed possible that plaintiff could allege a breach of contract claim within the court's jurisdiction under the Tucker Act, 28 U.S.C. § 1491(a)(1), in his original pleading plaintiff failed to show that the value of any such claim was $10,000 or less, and thus within the court's jurisdiction.*fn1 Moreover, with respect to plaintiff's claims for misrepresentation, fraud, and intentional interference with contract, as well as those against the named agencies and individual defendants, it was clear to me that the court lacks subject matter jurisdiction over those claims. See Dkt. No. 5 at 14-16.
Adopting my recommendation in full, by order dated May 24, 2012 Chief Judge Sharpe dismissed plaintiff's complaint in its entirety, with prejudice as to any claims for misrepresentation, fraud, and intentional interference with contract alleged under the Federal Tort Claims Act ("FTCA"), 28 U.S.C. §§ 1346(b), 2671-2680, as well as those against the named agencies and individual defendants, and otherwise providing plaintiff with leave to file an amended complaint within thirty days. Dkt. No. 6. Plaintiff filed an amended complaint on August 2, 2012, which the clerk has forwarded to me for review.*fn2 Dkt. 11.
As was explained in my earlier report and recommendation, jurisdiction is threshold question and one that the court may raise sua sponte; where jurisdiction is lacking, "dismissal is mandatory." United Food & Commercial Workers Union, Local 919, AFL-CIO v. Centermark Prop. Meriden Square, Inc., 30 F.3d 298, 301 (2d Cir.1994); see also Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(h)(3). Plaintiff's amended complaint is essentially the same as his original filing except for the addition of three paragraphs providing additional factual detail regarding his agreement with the USDA and the fact that he seems to have parsed out the claims he has alleged against the defendants in the "cause of action" section of his amended complaint, whereas these same claims were grouped into paragraphs in his original pleading. See Amended Complaint (Dkt. No. 11) ¶¶ 20-23 and pp. 13-20. Plaintiff's amended complaint otherwise appears identical to the original complaint.
Plaintiff's claims for misrepresentation, fraud, and intentional interference with contract under the FTCA and those against the named defendants and agencies have already been dismissed with prejudice. As a result, the only potential claim remaining is one for breach of contract under the Tucker Act. While providing more facts regarding the terms of the contract at issue, plaintiff has still failed to specify the amount of damages he claims, or to establish that his breach of contract claim does not exceed $10,000. Plaintiff therefore still has failed to establish this court's jurisdiction. Indeed, based upon plaintiff's new allegations regarding the terms of his contract with the USDA, it seems even more likely that this matter is within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Court of Claims.
Ordinarily, a court should not dismiss a complaint filed by a pro se litigant without granting leave to amend at least once if there is any indication that a valid claim might be stated. Branum v. Clark,927 F.2d 698, 704-05 (2d Cir.1991) (emphasis added); see also Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a) (leave to amend "shall be freely given when justice so requires"); see also Mathon v. Marine Midland Bank, N.A., 875 F. Supp. 986, 1003 (E.D.N.Y.1995) (leave to replead granted where court could not say that under no circumstances would proposed claims provide a basis for relief). "However, an opportunity to amend is not required where the plaintiff has already been afforded the opportunity to amend." DeViver v. Bardot, No. 8:09-CV-0925, 2009 WL 3672084, at *3 (N.D.N.Y. Oct. 30, 2009) (Suddaby, J.) (citing cases) (footnote omitted). In this instance, plaintiff has been apprised of the legal shortcomings of his initial complaint and afforded the opportunity to file an amended complaint. In doing so, however, he has failed to cure the fatal deficiencies identified in his original pleading. For this reason, I recommend dismissal without a further opportunity to amend.
For all the foregoing reasons, as well as those set forth in my report and recommendation of May 2, 2012, I find that plaintiff's amended complaint fails to set forth a plausible claim under which this court may properly exercise jurisdiction and should be dismissed, without leave to amend. Accordingly, it is hereby respectfully RECOMMENDED that plaintiff's amended complaint (Dkt. No. 11) be DISMISSED in its entirety, without leave to amend.
NOTICE: Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1), the parties may lodge written objections to the foregoing report. Such objections must be filed with the clerk of the court within FOURTEEN days of service of this report. FAILURE TO SO OBJECT TO THIS REPORT WILL PRECLUDE APPELLATE REVIEW. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Fed. R. Civ. P. 6(a), 6(d), 72; Roldan v. Racette, 984 F.2d 85 (2d Cir. 1993).
ORDERED that the clerk of the court serve a copy of this report, recommendation, and order upon the parties in accordance with this court's local rules.