SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Fourth Judicial Department
October 5, 2012
ROBIN DOUBRAVA AND KATHLEEN M. SIGLIN,
Appeal from an order of the Supreme Court, Erie County (Timothy J. Walker, A.J.), entered November 17, 2011 in a personal injury action.
Mendola v Doubrava
Appellate Division, Fourth Department
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Decided on October 5, 2012
PRESENT: FAHEY, J.P., PERADOTTO, CARNI, AND SCONIERS, JJ.
The order granted the motion of defendants for summary judgment on the issue of serious injury and dismissed the complaint.
It is hereby ORDERED that the order so appealed from is unanimously affirmed without costs.
Memorandum: Plaintiff commenced this action seeking damages for injuries she sustained when the vehicle in which she was a passenger was struck by a vehicle owned by defendant Kathleen M. Siglin and operated by defendant Robin Doubrava. We conclude that Supreme Court properly granted defendants' motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint on the ground that plaintiff did not sustain a serious injury within the meaning of Insurance Law § 5102 (d). Defendants met their initial burden of establishing that plaintiff did not sustain a serious injury under any of the categories alleged, i.e., the permanent consequential limitation of use, significant limitation of use and 90/180-day categories, and plaintiff failed to raise a triable issue of fact in opposition (see generally Zuckerman v City of New York, 49 NY2d 557, 562).
In support of their motion, defendants submitted the affirmed report of a neurologist who examined plaintiff and her medical records at the request of defendants. Defendants' expert concluded that the only objective medical findings with respect to any alleged injury related to a pre-existing degenerative condition of the spine. "[W]ith persuasive evidence that plaintiff's alleged pain and injuries were related to a pre-existing condition, plaintiff had the burden to come forward with evidence addressing defendant[s'] claimed lack of causation" and, here, plaintiff failed to meet that burden (Carrasco v Mendez, 4 NY3d 566, 580; see Briody v Melecio, 91 AD3d 1328, 1329). Although plaintiff submitted the reports of three examining physicians, none of those physicians concluded that plaintiff's herniated discs or disc protrusions at C5-6 and/or C6-7 were caused by the accident. Indeed, the report of an examining neurologist submitted by plaintiff concluded that she had "pre-existing degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine (as evidenced on cervical spine MRI of 10/28/08 performed only three weeks after the motor vehicle accident)." Contrary to plaintiff's contention, there is nothing speculative or otherwise inappropriate relating to the interpretation and use of the MRI reports by defendants' expert in formulating his opinions (see Carrasco, 4 NY3d at 578-579).
Entered: October 5, 2012
Frances E. Cafarell Clerk of the Court
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