New York Supreme and/or Appellate Courts Appellate Division, First Department
October 11, 2012
THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK,
People v Silva
Decided on October 11, 2012
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Andrias, J.P., Sweeny, Moskowitz, Freedman, Richter, JJ.
Judgment, Supreme Court, New York County (Gregory Carro, J.), rendered December 15, 2010, as amended December 21, 2010, convicting defendant, after a jury trial, of criminal sale of a controlled substance in the first degree, criminal possession of a controlled substance in the third degree, attempted criminal possession of a weapon in the third degree and criminally using drug paraphernalia in the second degree, and sentencing him, as a second felony drug offender, to an aggregate term of 24 years, unanimously affirmed.
The court's rulings on uncharged crimes evidence were proper exercises of discretion. This case involved a lengthy investigation into large-scale drug trafficking. Evidence of uncharged crimes that surrounded the charged crimes was relevant to establish the essential element of intent, to explain the context in which the charged crimes occurred, to complete the narrative, particularly in view of the code words used to refer to cocaine and money, and to refute claims made by defendant on cross-examination (see generally People v Dorm, 12 NY3d 16, 19 ). The volume of uncharged crimes evidence was not excessive, and its probative value exceeded its prejudicial effect. Furthermore, evidence of criminal activity by persons other than defendant was relevant under the circumstances of the case, and it did not constitute uncharged crimes evidence as to defendant (see People v Arafet, 13 NY3d 460, 465 ).
Defendant's challenges to the People's summation are unpreserved (see People v Romero, 7 NY3d 911, 912 ), and we decline to review them in the interest of justice. Defendant's unspecified objections, belated mistrial motion, and objections made at earlier stages of the trial were insufficient to preserve his present claims for review as questions of law. As an alternative holding, we find no basis for reversal (see People v Overlee, 236 AD2d 133 [1st Dept 1997], lv denied 91 NY2d 976 ; People v D'Alessandro, 184 AD2d 114, 118-119 [1st Dept 1992], lv denied 81 NY2d 884 ).
The record is insufficient to establish any basis for reversal regarding a jury note that was marked as an exhibit, because the note did not result in a response by the court or any other mention in the transcript. Indeed, on this record, it is impossible to determine if the note was presented to the judge or if the jury reached a verdict without the judge being aware they had submitted the note.
THIS CONSTITUTES THE DECISION AND ORDER OF THE SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE DIVISION, FIRST DEPARTMENT.
ENTERED: OCTOBER 11, 2012
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