UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
October 12, 2012
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
ENRIQUE CARTY, DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: John G. Koeltl, District Judge:
OPINION AND ORDER
The defendant Enrique Carty has moved for a reduction in his sentence pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c) based on recent amendments to the United States Sentencing Guidelines that lowered the sentencing ranges for offenses involving crack cocaine.
In 1995, the defendant was charged with various offenses in an indictment returned in the Western District of North Carolina (see Indictment, 95 Cr. 973 (the "North Carolina Indictment")), and in an information filed in this Court (see Information, 95 Cr. 980 (the "New York Information")). The North Carolina Indictment was transferred to New York and the cases were consolidated for sentencing. (See Sentencing Hr'g Tr. ("Sentencing Tr."), 20-21, Nov. 27, 2000.) On November 28, 1995, the defendant pleaded guilty to Count One of the North Carolina Indictment, which charged the defendant with conspiracy, in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 846, to distribute cocaine and cocaine base in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1). (See Plea Hr'g Tr. 25, Nov. 28, 1995 ("Plea Tr."); North Carolina Indictment.) At the plea hearing, the defendant admitted to being a part of a conspiracy to distribute crack cocaine, stating "I was part of that deal . . . I took the crack . . . I was going to help them so they could distribute it." (Plea Tr. 24-25.) The defendant did not allocute to a specific quantity of crack cocaine at the plea hearing.
The defendant also pleaded guilty to Counts One and Two of the New York Information. (Plea Tr. 25-28.) Count One charged the defendant with conspiracy to distribute and possess with the intent to distribute five kilograms and more of cocaine in violation of 21 U.S.C. §§ 812, 841(a)(1) and 841(b)(1)(A). (New York Information.) The defendant admitted at the plea hearing that he had entered into an agreement to distribute "[o]ver five kilograms" of cocaine. (Plea Tr. 25-26.) Count Two charged the defendant with conspiracy, in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 846, to distribute and possess with intent to distribute 100 grams and more of heroin in violation of 21 U.S.C. §§ 812, 841(a)(1) and 841(b)(1)(B). (New York Information.) The defendant pleaded guilty and stated that he had agreed to distribute and had distributed approximately 100 grams of heroin. (Plea Tr. 26-28.)
On November 27, 2000,*fn1 the defendant was sentenced by Judge Schwartz of this Court. (See Sentencing Tr. 1.) Prior to pronouncing sentence, Judge Schwartz of this Court highlighted a disagreement among the defendant, the Government, and the Probation Department regarding the quantity of crack cocaine attributable to the defendant. (See Sentencing Tr. 3-9.) The Probation Department PSR listed two different quantities of crack cocaine: paragraph 15 of the PSR attributed eleven kilograms of crack cocaine to the defendant and over twenty-two kilograms of crack cocaine to the organization with which the defendant had conspired. (Presentence Investigative Report ("PSR") ¶ 15.) Paragraph 31 of the PSR stated, "the defendant's criminal activity involved the receipt and distribution of in excess of 1.5 kilograms of crack cocaine . . . at least 5 kilograms of cocaine and approximately 116 grams of heroin . . . When these amounts of narcotics are converted to marijuana their aggregate weight is approximately 30,300 kilograms of marijuana." (PSR ¶ 31.)*fn2
The Government took the position that all of the crack cocaine in paragraph 15 of the PSR was attributable to the defendant. (Sentencing Tr. 7.) The defendant argued that, despite his plea allocution to the contrary, he had not been involved in the distribution of crack cocaine. (Sentencing Tr. 3.) After recounting the positions of the PSR, the Government, and the defendant, Judge Schwartz concluded, "[t]hat's all I have before me. And now I am being asked to not only find that [the defendant] is responsible for a certain quantity of crack cocaine, but specifically for more than 1.5 kilograms. I do not have enough in the record to make such [a] finding." (Sentencing Tr. 4.) Judge Schwartz indicated that there was insufficient information in the record to make a finding as to the quantity of crack cocaine attributable to the defendant and offered the defendant a Fatico hearing to determine whether the defendant had distributed crack, and if so, what amount could be attributed to him for sentencing purposes. (Sentencing Tr. 6-8.)
The defendant decided that he did not want a Fatico hearing but rather, "would stand by the statements he made at the plea," and "would consent to the quantity of one and a half [kilograms of crack cocaine]." (Sentencing Tr. 9.) Judge Schwartz reiterated, "your client [does] not wish to have a Fatico hearing" and "accept[s] that he is responsible for distribution of more than 1.5 kilograms of crack cocaine." (Sentencing Tr. 9.) The defendant agreed. (Sentencing Tr. 9.) The Judge made no finding as to what "more" meant, but rather relied on the "1.5 kilograms or more" as the amount because, at the time, 1.5 kilograms of crack cocaine was sufficient to trigger the highest base offense level under the Sentencing Guidelines. (Sentencing Tr. 21-22.) Despite the Government's initial argument that the entirety of the crack cocaine in the PSR should be attributed to the defendant, the Government did not object to the defendant's concession to 1.5 kilograms or argue that more drugs were in fact attributable to the defendant.
The Judge then pronounced sentence. Judge Schwartz grouped together the two counts of the New York Information and the one count of the North Carolina Indictment to create the basis for a joint sentence, and announced that "[t]he base offense level for these crimes, [is] set forth in paragraphs 30 and 31 of the [PSR]. . . ." (Sentencing Tr. 21.) The Judge calculated that, "the defendant's criminal activity, as he has now conceded, involved the receipt and distribution of in excess of 1.5 kilograms of crack cocaine . . . at least five kilograms of cocaine and approximately 116 grams of heroin in New York. When these amounts of narcotics are converted to marijuana, their aggregate weight is approximately 30,300 kilograms of marijuana. And under the drug quantity table, section 2D1.1(c)(1), the base offense level is 38." (Sentencing Tr. 21-22.)
Judge Schwartz granted a three-level acceptance of responsibility downward adjustment for the defendant's acceptance of responsibility for "more than 1.5 kilograms of crack cocaine" and the remainder of the crimes to which he pleaded guilty. (Sentencing Tr. 26.) However, the Judge also found a two level obstruction of justice enhancement because the defendant had fled from the United States to the Dominican Republic. (Sentencing Tr. 26-28.) The Court declined to find an enhancement based on the defendant's role in the offense, as suggested in the PSR, as well as several downward adjustments requested by the defendant. (Sentencing Tr. 22.) Based on the defendant's net adjusted offense level of 37 and Criminal History Category III, Judge Schwartz determined that the defendant's Guidelines sentencing range was 262 to 327 months imprisonment (Sentencing Tr. 28) and sentenced the defendant to 290 months imprisonment, "somewhere in the middle of the
[G]uideline[s] range . . . ." (Sentencing Tr. 33.) The Judge also determined that the defendant should get credit for the time he served while imprisoned in the Dominican Republic awaiting extradition back to the United States. (Sentencing Tr. 32-33.)
On November 28, 2000, Judge Schwartz filed written judgments in both cases. (See Judgment, 95 Cr. 0973; Judgment, 95 Cr. 0980 (collectively "Judgments").) In the Statement of Reasons in each of the Judgments, Judge Schwartz checked the box that provided "[t]he court adopts the factual finding and guideline application in the presentence report except . . . ." (Judgments.) In the space provided under "except," the Judge indicated that he had departed from the PSR in two ways: by finding no "Role Adjustment" and by finding an "Obstruction of Justice" enhancement. (See Judgments.)
After the sentence was imposed, the defendant appealed. The Second Circuit Court of Appeals vacated the defendant's sentence based on its determination that the district court may have misunderstood its power to grant a sentencing departure for the defendant's confinement conditions in the Dominican Republic. See United States v. Carty, 264 F.3d 191, 196-97 (2d Cir. 2001) (per curiam). The Court of Appeals remanded the case for reconsideration of the defendant's request for a downward departure on those grounds. Id. at 197. On November 9, 2001, Judge Schwartz entered amended judgments and resentenced the defendant again to a term of 290 months imprisonment. (See Am. J., 95 Cr. 973; Am. J., 95 Cr. 980 (collectively "Amended Judgments").) The Amended Judgments did not differ in any material way from the initial Judgments.
While the defendant was imprisoned, the United States Sentencing Guidelines were amended, in relevant part, to raise retroactively the minimum amount of crack cocaine for base offense level 38 from 1.5 kilograms to 4.5 kilograms. See U.S. Sentencing Commission, Guidelines Manual Supp. App. C, Vol. III, amend. 706 (2011) (effective Nov. 1, 2007) (adjusting Guidelines); id. amend. 713 (effective Mar. 3, 2008) (making Amendment 706 retroactive). In response to these amendments, on March 3, 2008, the defendant made a motion to reduce his sentence pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2). On August 10, 2009, Judge Marrero denied the defendant's pro se motion because "the quantity of crack cocaine at issue exceeds 4,500 grams" and therefore the Guidelines amendments did not alter the defendant's sentence. (See Order Regarding Motion for Sentence Reduction, United States v. Carty, No. 95 Cr. 980 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 10, 2009), ECF No. 21.) On February 9, 2011, the defendant filed another pro se motion for sentence modification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) based on the same amendments to the Sentencing Guidelines. On February 16, 2011, Judge Marrero denied the defendant's motion because "Carty was convicted of violations . . . involving more than [4.5] kilograms of crack cocaine" and therefore the amendments would not alter the defendant's sentence. (See Decision and Order, United States v. Carty, No. 95 Cr. 980 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 16, 2011), ECF No. 23.)
Effective November 1, 2011, Amendment 750 to the Sentencing Guidelines permanently implemented the Fair Sentencing Act of 2010, Pub. L. 111-220, 124 Stat. 2372 (2010), which "reduced the statutory penalties for cocaine base ('crack cocaine') offenses, eliminated the statutory mandatory minimum sentence for simple possession of crack cocaine, and contained directives to the [United States Sentencing] Commission to review and amend the [G]uidelines to account for specified aggravating and mitigating circumstances in certain drug cases." U.S. Sentencing Commission, Guidelines Manual Supp. App. C, Vol. III, amend. 750. In promulgating Amendment 750, the Sentencing Commission gave Parts A and C of that amendment retroactive effect. See U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual ("U.S.S.G.") § 1B1.10(c) appl. n.4 (2011). As relevant to this case, Amendment 750 amended the drug quantity table to raise retroactively the minimum amount of crack cocaine for base offense level 38 from 4.5 kilograms to 8.4 kilograms. Id. § 2D1.1(c)(1). On October 31, 2011, the defendant again moved to modify his sentence pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c).
The Federal Defenders were appointed to represent the defendant in connection with his motion. While they initially sought to withdraw from representing the defendant, they have withdrawn their motion to be relieved as defense counsel for the defendant's case based on the North Carolina Indictment.
Because there was joint sentencing on the two cases, the Federal Defenders remain as counsel for the defendant with respect to the New York Information as well as the North Carolina Indictment.
As a general rule, a federal court "may not modify a term of imprisonment once it has been imposed." 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c); Cortorreal v. United States, 486 F.3d 742, 744 (2d Cir. 2007) (per curiam). However, a court may modify the term of a sentence already imposed "in the case of a defendant who has been sentenced to a term of imprisonment based on a sentencing range that has subsequently been lowered by the Sentencing Commission . . . , if such a reduction is consistent with applicable policy statements issued by the Sentencing Commission." 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2). As a general matter, "[i]n a case in which a defendant is serving a term of imprisonment, and the Guidelines range applicable to that defendant has subsequently been lowered as a result of an amendment to the Guidelines Manual listed in subsection (c) [which include the reduction in the crack cocaine Guideline], the court may reduce the defendant's term of imprisonment as provided by 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2)." U.S.S.G. § 1B1.10(a)(1) (2011). However, "[a] reduction in [a] defendant's term of imprisonment is not consistent with this policy statement and therefore is not authorized under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) if . . . [the] amendment . . . does not have the effect of lowering the defendant's applicable guideline[s] range." Id. § 1B1.10(a)(2)(B). The Supreme Court has recently explained that § 3582(c)(2) proceedings are not governed by United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220 (2005), and therefore, the Sentencing Commission's policy statement as announced in U.S.S.G. § 1B1.10 is binding on the Court. See Dillon v. United States, 130 S. Ct. 2683, 2692--93 (2010); United States v. Sandoval, No. 07 Cr. 305, 2012 WL 1646874, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. May 10, 2012).
In Dillon, the Supreme Court identified a two step-inquiry for courts to follow in adjudicating a motion for a sentence reduction under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c). 130 S. Ct. at 2691-92. First, the Court must determine whether the defendant is eligible for a sentence reduction. Id. at 2691. Second, if the court finds that the defendant is eligible for a sentence reduction under § 3582(c) and § 1B1.10, the district court must determine whether, "in its discretion, the reduction authorized by reference to the policies relevant at step one is warranted . . . ." Id. at 2692.
The Court must first determine whether Amendment 750 affected the defendant's sentence. See id. The Government argues that because Judge Schwartz adopted the factual findings of the PSR in his written Judgments, including the portion of the PSR that the defendant had distributed upward of 11 kilograms of crack cocaine, Amendment 750 had no effect on the defendant's sentence. The defendant counters that he only admitted to the minimum quantity of crack cocaine required for base offense level 38 at the time of his plea, namely, 1.5 kilograms, and moreover Judge Schwartz's express oral finding at the sentencing hearing was mathematically incompatible with a factual finding of more than 1.5 kilograms of crack cocaine. The record at the sentencing hearing is clear that Judge Schwartz based his Guidelines calculation on a factual finding of only 1.5 kilograms of crack cocaine, and the defendant is therefore eligible for a sentencing reduction under the amended Guidelines.
To determine a defendant's eligibility for a sentence reduction, "the court shall determine the amended [G]uidelines range that would have been applicable to the defendant if [Amendment 750] had been in effect at the time the defendant was sentenced. In making such determination, the court shall . . . leave all other guideline application decisions unaffected."
U.S.S.G. § 1B1.10(b)(1). A defendant is ineligible for a sentencing reduction if an amendment with retroactive effect does not modify the applicable Guidelines range for the defendant. Id. § 1B1.10 appl. n.1(A). Amendment 750 retroactively raised the minimum amount of crack cocaine for base offense level 38 from 4.5 kilograms to 8.4 kilograms and lowered the offense level applicable to 1.5 kilograms of crack cocaine to base offense level 34. Id. §§ 1B1.10(c) appl. n.4, 2D1.1(c)(1). Therefore, the key issue is what quantity of crack cocaine Judge Schwartz attributed to the defendant at the sentencing hearing.
Judge Schwartz found at the sentencing hearing that the defendant was only responsible for 1.5 kilograms of crack cocaine. It is settled law that "in the event of variation between an oral pronouncement of sentence and a subsequent written judgment, the oral pronouncement controls." United States v. Rosario, 386 F.3d 166, 168 (2d Cir. 2004) (citing United States v. Handakas, 329 F.3d 115, 117 (2d Cir. 2003)). Although the PSR attributed at least 11 kilograms of crack cocaine to the defendant, (PSR ¶ 15), and Judge Schwartz's written judgment subsequent to the sentencing hearing accepted the findings of fact in the PSR (see Judgments), the written judgment is inconsistent with the Judge's findings at the sentencing hearing. At the hearing, Judge Schwartz announced his findings of fact and adopted paragraphs 30 and 31 of the PSR: the defendant's crimes "involved the receipt and distribution of in excess of 1.5 kilograms of crack cocaine . . . at least five kilograms of cocaine and approximately 116 grams of heroin in New York. When these amounts of narcotics are converted to marijuana, their aggregate weight is approximately 30,300 kilograms of marijuana." (Sentencing Tr. 21-22.) As the defendant argues correctly, based on the drug equivalency tables in effect at the time of sentencing, 1.5 kilograms of crack cocaine was equal to 30,000 kilograms of marijuana. See
U.S.S.G. § 2D1.1 cmt. n.10 (1998). Therefore, because the Judge announced an aggregate weight of only 30,300 kilograms of marijuana, given that there were five kilograms of cocaine and 116 grams of heroin as well, Judge Schwartz could not possibly have found the defendant culpable for more than 1.5 kilograms of crack cocaine.*fn3 Based on the record at the sentencing hearing, a finding of 11 kilograms of crack cocaine was not possible.
Moreover, Judge Schwartz's oral pronouncement on the aggregate quantity of converted marijuana attributable to the defendant makes it mathematically impossible for the defendant to have been attributed the quantity of crack cocaine the Government urges. Had Judge Schwartz agreed with the Government or with the portion of the PSR that indicates that the defendant was responsible for at least 11 kilograms of crack cocaine, the aggregate weight of crack cocaine converted into marijuana would have been at least 220,000 kilograms of marijuana. Judge Schwartz only found an approximate aggregate weight of 30,300 kilograms of marijuana, which, even excluding the heroin and cocaine, could only be the result of a finding of 1.515 kilograms of crack cocaine.
The Government argues that such a high aggregate quantity was not orally pronounced by Judge Schwartz because it was not necessary, in view of the fact that the highest base offense level had already been triggered. However, this argument ignores the fact that courts do in fact explain their findings with respect to marijuana conversions even if such conversions are far more than the 30,000 kilograms necessary to trigger the highest base offense level. See, e.g., United States v. Enriquez, No. 02 Cr. 1536, 2005 WL 3099017, at *4 (S.D.N.Y. Nov. 17, 2005) (finding an aggregate quantity of 50,000 kilograms of marijuana); see also United States v. Alanis, 265 F.3d 576, 590 (7th Cir. 2001) (660,481.648 kilograms of marijuana). In any event, Judge Schwartz made oral findings that the approximate total weight of the drugs including crack cocaine had a marijuana equivalent of 30,300 kilograms, which is incompatible with an amount of crack cocaine in excess of about 1.5 kilograms. Despite the subsequent written Judgments in which the Court adopted the factual findings of the PSR, because there is a contradiction between paragraph 15 of the PSR and the oral pronouncement, the oral sentence controls. See Rosario, 386 F.3d at 168.
The Government also argues that because the defendant
waived his Fatico hearing, he consented to the factual findings of the PSR. Not only is this argument contradicted by the express oral findings of the Court discussed above, it ignores the context in which the defendant waived the Fatico hearing. Judge Schwartz explicitly stated that based only on the record presented to him at the sentencing hearing, a finding as to the quantity of crack cocaine was not possible. (Sentencing Tr. 4.) Rather than hold a Fatico hearing, the defendant agreed at the sentencing hearing that he would not contest the quantity necessary to meet the minimum for the highest base offense level, 1.5 kilograms of crack cocaine. (Sentencing Tr. 9.) The Government did not object or argue that a hearing on drug quantity should still be held, likely because it too was satisfied with an arrangement by which the defendant would admit to the lowest amount necessary for the highest base offense level at the time. In light of this apparent agreement among the parties that the defendant would admit to the minimum for the highest base offense level and the Government would not argue for a higher quantity of drugs attributable to the defendant, the Government is foreclosed from arguing, as it does here, that the defendant admitted to any drug quantity in excess of the amount he actually admitted to at the time. The defendant's concession to "1.5 kilograms or more" is not an admission of responsibility for 11 kilograms of crack cocaine.
This case is similar to United States v. Chaparro, No. 89 Cr. 99, 2012 WL 3242337 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 9, 2012). In Chaparro, the defendant pleaded guilty to a narcotics conspiracy in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 846. Id. at *1. At the defendant's sentencing hearing, despite evidence of far larger quantities, Judge Stanton of this Court found that the information adduced would "easily support the 500 grams" of crack cocaine necessary to meet base offense level 36 in effect at the time. Id. at *2. After Amendment 750, Chaparro, like the defendant in this case, moved for a sentencing reduction. Id. at *1. The Government argued that Chaparro was responsible for a far larger quantity of drugs, sufficient to deny the motion for a sentence reduction notwithstanding Amendment 750. Id. Judge Stanton granted the motion for a sentence reduction, explaining that the sentencing determination "amounted to no more than finding that Mr. Chaparro was responsible for at least the 500 grams" and although "much of the trial evidence could have supported a finding of a considerably larger amount . . . I made no finding of a larger amount then and, over 20 years later, I make no such finding now." Id. at *2. Similarly, in this case, although there is evidence in the PSR that could have supported a larger quantity finding, no such finding was made at the time of sentencing.
The defendant is eligible for a sentencing reduction under the Guidelines. The defendant's sentencing range under the Guidelines in effect at the time of his initial sentencing was 262 to 327 months imprisonment. (Sentencing Tr. 28.) Under the now-amended Guidelines, the 1.5 kilograms of crack cocaine attributable to the defendant, together with the other drugs included in the sentence computation, leads to a base offense level of 34, which after applying the three level acceptance of responsibility downward adjustment and two level obstruction of justice enhancement yields a total offense level of 33.
U.S.S.G. § 2D1.1(c)(3). Base offense level 33 and the defendant's Criminal History Category III yields a Guidelines sentencing range of 168 to 210 months imprisonment. Because this sentencing range is lower than the defendant's initial sentencing range, the defendant is eligible for a reduction.
Although the defendant is eligible for a sentence reduction, that is not the end of the inquiry. Dillon step two requires that the Court "consider any applicable § 3553(a) factors and determine whether, in its discretion, the reduction authorized by reference to the policies relevant at step one is warranted in whole or in part under the particular circumstances of the case." Dillon, 130 S. Ct. at 2692. "Because the statute states that a district court may reduce the term of imprisonment, it clearly allows for a district court to exercise its discretion when considering a motion to reduce a sentence brought pursuant to § 3582(c)(2)." United States v. Borden, 564 F.3d 100, 104 (2d Cir. 2009). In addition to the traditional § 3553(a) factors, a court can consider the post-sentencing behavior of the defendant and any public safety concerns a reduction in sentence would raise in deciding: (1) whether a reduction in the defendant's term of imprisonment is warranted, and (2) what sentence to impose within the applicable amended Guidelines range. See § 1B1.10 appl. n.1(B)(ii-iii).
The Court has reviewed the parties' submissions including the record of the defendant's post-sentencing behavior. These materials support granting the motion for the sentence reduction. While imprisoned, the defendant has had good behavior, has received his G.E.D., and has participated in a number of programs that demonstrate his commitment to abiding by the law. Any public safety concerns are diminished because it is likely that the defendant will be removed from the United States after his release from imprisonment.
The Government has made no argument that the § 3553(a) factors weigh against granting a sentence reduction. Applying the factors under 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a), as required by 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2), particularly, the nature and circumstances of the offense and the history and characteristics of the defendant, § 3553(a)(1); the need for the sentence imposed to afford adequate deterrence to criminal conduct, § 3553(a)(2)(B); and the applicable policy statements issued by the Sentencing Commission, see U.S.S.G. § 1B1.10; 18 § 3553(a)(5)(A), the Court finds that a sentence reduction is warranted.
The Court finds that a sentence reduction to 186 months imprisonment is the reasonable and appropriate sentence.
At the time of the initial sentencing, the defendant's Guidelines range was 262 to 327 months and Judge Schwartz indicated that he believed that 290 months, a sentence "somewhere in the middle of the guideline[s] range," was appropriate. (Sentencing Tr. 33.) "Applying the same proportionate decrease from the Sentencing Guideline Range that the Court applied at the time of sentence," United States v. Sosa, No. 03 Cr. 502, 2008 WL 336472, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 6, 2008), to the new Guidelines range of 168 to 210 months results in a sentence of 186 months imprisonment. See also United States v. Fleming, 845 F. Supp. 2d 470, 475 (N.D.N.Y 2012) (keeping new sentence at the "high end of the [G]uidelines range" in proportion with former sentence). The defendant's motion for a reduction of his sentence pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) is granted.
The Court has carefully considered all of the parties' arguments. To the extent not specifically addressed above, the remaining arguments are either moot or without merit. For the reasons set forth above, the defendant's motion for a reduction of his sentence pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c) (2) is granted and the 290 month term of imprisonment imposed upon defendant is reduced to 186 months. The defendant should also receive credit, as Judge Schwartz previously indicated, for time served in prison in the Dominican Republic. The applicable provisions for supervised release, and other release conditions remain in effect. The Government is directed to convey this Order to the Bureau of Prisons so that the Bureau of Prisons can promptly calculate the new release date for the defendant. The Clerk is directed to close Docket Nos. 24 and 26 in 95 cr. 980.