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Howard L. Henderson v. the City of New York; Police Department City of New York; Raymond W.
October 17, 2012
HOWARD L. HENDERSON,
THE CITY OF NEW YORK; POLICE DEPARTMENT CITY OF NEW YORK; RAYMOND W. KELLY, POLICE COMMISSIONER; GEORGE A. GRASSO, FIRST DEPUTY POLICE COMMISSIONER; NELDRA M. ZEIGLER, DEPUTY COMMISSIONER OFFICE OF EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY; CHARLES V. CAMPISI, CHIEF OF THE INTERNAL AFFAIRS BUREAU; RAYMOND F. KING, DEPUTY CHIEF, INTERNAL AFFAIRS BUREAU; JAMES DUFFY, DEPUTY INSPECTOR, FIELD SERVICES DIVISION; GEORGE D. O'BRIEN, CAPTAIN, INTERNAL AFFAIRS BUREAU GROUP 27; JULIO C. ORDONEZ JR., CAPTAIN, INTERNAL AFFAIRS BUREAU GROUP 27; BRESTER CREECH, LIEUTENANT, INTERNAL AFFAIRS BUREAU GROUP 27; RICHARD M. LEDDA, LIEUTENANT, INTERNAL AFFAIRS BUREAU GROUP 27; LES CATALANO, SERGEANT, INTERNAL AFFAIRS BUREAU GROUP; JOHN A. EGAN, RETIRED SERGEANT, SOUTHEAST QUEENS INITIATIVE, EACH INDIVIDUAL DEFENDANT BEING SUED INDIVIDUALLY AND IN HIS OR HER OFFICIAL CAPACITY, DEFENDANTS
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Block, Senior District Judge:
After having reviewed the parties' submissions on the constructive discharge claim, the Court finds that plaintiff Howard Henderson is entitled to present evidence at trial concerning whether or not he was constructively discharged from the NYPD and the extent of any related damages. While not explicitly pled as a theory of recovery, the factual allegations contained in the amended complaint, combined with the defendants' knowledge of plaintiff's subsequent resignation as well as his deposition testimony relating to the same, were sufficient to put the defendants on notice of a constructive discharge claim. See Gaynor v. Enlarged City Sch. Dist., 1988 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 294, at *18 n.5 (N.D.N.Y. Jan. 19, 1988) (permitting plaintiff to attempt to show at trial that she was the victim of a constructive discharge claim where neither the original nor amended complaint put forth such a cause of action but where "the factual allegations  were sufficient to put defendant on notice of [the] claim"); Rosario v. Nat'l Housing P'ship, 1998 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3692, at * 6 n.4 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 26, 1998) (permitting constructive discharge claim where plaintiff "d[id] not explicitly allege constructive discharge in his complaint" but had alleged facts sufficient "to put defendant on notice of such a claim."). The plaintiff has put forth allegations sufficient to deem the complaint further amended as of October 6, 2006, the date of his deposition, to include a claim for constructive discharge.
FREDERIC BLOCK Senior United States District Judge
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