Glynn v 177 W. 26th St. Realty Corp.
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Decided on October 18, 2012
Friedman, J.P., Moskowitz, Freedman, Richter, Abdus-Salaam, JJ.
Order and judgment (one paper), Supreme Court, New York County (Eileen A. Rakower, J.), entered October 12, 2011, to the extent appealed from as limited by the briefs, awarding defendant 177 West 26th St. Realty Corp. possession of eight loft units at the subject building, and denying defendant's motion for summary judgment to the extent it sought possession of Unit 501 and sought to dismiss the causes of action for breach of warranty of habitability as to Unit 501 and for restitution, unanimously modified, on the law, to dismiss the cause of action for restitution, and to grant possession of Unit 501 to defendant, and otherwise affirmed, without costs. Order, same court and Justice, entered September 8, 2011, which granted plaintiff leave to amend the complaint to add a cause of action for constructive trust, unanimously reversed, on the law, without costs, and the motion denied.
Defendant established its entitlement to an ejectment and to the dismissal of the breach of warranty of habitability claim through affidavits, leases, and notices terminating the tenancies. Plaintiff failed to raise a triable issue of fact as to Unit 501.
The cause of action for restitution for the improvements plaintiff made to the units must be dismissed because the leases, which contain merger clauses, provide that any improvements to the units will become the landlord's property (see Clark-Fitzpatrick, Inc. v Long Is. R.R. Co., 70 NY2d 382, 388 ).
Plaintiff's motion for leave to amend the complaint to add a cause of action for constructive trust must be denied because plaintiff failed to show that the parties' business transaction gave rise to a confidential or fiduciary relationship between them (see Sharp v Kosmalski, 40 NY2d 119, 121 ).
THIS CONSTITUTES THE DECISION AND ORDER OF THE SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE DIVISION, FIRST DEPARTMENT.
ENTERED: OCTOBER 18, 2012
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