SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Fourth Judicial Department
November 9, 2012
KEITH V. WILLIAMS,
TAWNY B. WILLIAMS, NOW KNOWN AS TAWNY M. BIRMINGHAM,
Appeal from an order of the Supreme Court, Onondaga County (Michael L. Hanuszczak, A.J.), entered February 18, 2011.
Williams v Williams
Appellate Division, Fourth Department
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Released on November 9, 2012
PRESENT: SMITH, J.P., PERADOTTO, CARNI, LINDLEY, AND MARTOCHE, JJ.
The order, among other things, awarded plaintiff sole legal and physical custody of the subject children.
It is hereby ORDERED that the order so appealed from is unanimously modified on the law by awarding defendant an
additional day of visitation each week on a specific weekday, which visitation shall begin at the completion of the children's
school day and shall continue until such time in the evening that they are able to return to plaintiff's home for their regular
bedtime, and as modified the order is affirmed without costs and the matter is remitted to Supreme Court, Onondaga County,
for further proceedings in accordance with the following Memorandum: Defendant mother appeals from an order modifying
the custody provisions of the parties' judgment of divorce and granting sole legal and physical custody of the parties' two
children to plaintiff father and visitation to the mother. Supreme Court properly determined that joint custody is inappropriate
"inasmuch as the parties have an acrimonious relationship and are unable to communicate with each other in a civil manner"
(Matter of Christopher J.S. v Colleen A.B., 43 AD3d 1350, 1351). Contrary to the mother's contention, the court properly determined that
the best interests of the children warranted the award of sole custody to the father. "The best interests of a child, which is the foremost
consideration in matters of custody and visitation, is within the discretion of the hearing court whose determination will not be set aside
unless it lacks a sound and substantial evidentiary basis" (Matter of Arelis Carmen S. v Daniel H., 78 AD3d 504, 504, lv denied 16 NY3d 707;
see Dubuque v Bremiller, 79 AD3d 1743, 1744). Here, we see no reason to disturb the court's custody determination inasmuch as it is
supported by the requisite "sound and substantial basis in the record" (Dubuque, 79 AD3d at 1744 [internal quotation marks omitted]).
We agree with the court's conclusion that, although both parties appear to be fit and loving parents, the evidence presented at the hearing
establishes that the father is better able to provide for the children's educational and medical needs.
We further conclude, however, that the court erred in limiting the mother's visitation to alternate weekends. Although there was a sound and substantial basis in the record for the court's determination to modify the prior visitation schedule (see generally Matter of Nicole J.R. v Jason M.R., 81 AD3d 1450, 1451, lv denied 17 NY3d 701; Matter of Flood v Flood, 63 AD3d 1197, 1198), we agree with the mother and the Attorney for the Children that the court erred in eliminating visitation between the mother and the children during the week. Thus, we conclude that the court "improvidently exercised its discretion in determining the amount of visitation for the [mother], which did not include an award of weekday . . . visitation" (Matter of Solovay v Solovay, 94 AD3d 898, 900, lv denied 19 NY3d 808; see Matter of Brown v Brown, 97 AD3d 673, 674; see generally Matter of Roody v Charles, 283 AD2d 945, 946).
Based on the record before us, we conclude that the best interests of the children would be served by awarding the mother an additional day of visitation each week on a specific weekday, which visitation shall begin at the completion of the children's school day and shall continue until such time in the evening that they are able to return to the father's home for their regular bedtime. We therefore modify the order accordingly, and we remit the matter to Supreme Court to set a specific day of the week and the specific times during which such visitation should occur, either upon agreement of the parties or after a hearing if they are unable to agree. Entered: November 9, 2012 Frances E. Cafarell Clerk of the Court
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