Appeal from an order of the Supreme Court, Erie County (Michael F. Griffith, A.J.), entered October 17, 2011 in a personal injury action.
Appellate Division, Fourth Department
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Released on November 9, 2012
PRESENT: SCUDDER, P.J., CENTRA, PERADOTTO, LINDLEY, AND WHALEN, JJ.
The order granted plaintiffs' motion for partial summary judgment.
It is hereby ORDERED that the order so appealed from is unanimously affirmed without costs.
Memorandum: Plaintiffs commenced this action seeking damages for injuries sustained by Christopher Gill (plaintiff) when a vehicle operated by Donald J. Braasch (defendant) and owned by defendant Donald J. Braasch Construction, Inc. struck plaintiff and pinned him against a tractor-trailer. Contrary to defendants' contention, Supreme Court properly granted those parts of plaintiffs' motion for partial summary judgment on liability and dismissal of the affirmative defense of comparative negligence.
Plaintiffs met their initial burden by establishing as a matter of law that the sole proximate cause of the accident was defendant's negligence in, inter alia, backing his pickup truck into plaintiff without properly looking behind him (see Vehicle and Traffic Law §§ 1146 [a]; 1211 [a]; Pries-Jones v Time Warner Cable, Inc., 93 AD3d 1299, 1301). Plaintiff, a delivery driver, testified at his deposition that, after he transferred freight from his tractor-trailer to defendant's pickup truck, he observed defendant get into the pickup truck and pull away from the tractor-trailer. Plaintiff then descended from the back of the trailer compartment of the tractor-trailer and was standing on the ground behind it, latching the door of the trailer compartment, when defendant backed his pickup truck into plaintiff, pinning him against the tractor-trailer. Plaintiff was facing the back of the tractor-trailer and did not see defendant backing toward him. Defendant similarly testified at his deposition that, when he pulled the pickup truck forward, away from the tractor-trailer, plaintiff was situated in the trailer compartment. Defendant testified that he did not turn his head to look behind him before putting the truck in reverse and backing toward the tractor-trailer. Based on the deposition testimony of plaintiff and defendant, we conclude that plaintiffs established as a matter of law that defendant was negligent in failing to see that which, under the circumstances, he should have seen and in backing his pickup truck toward the tractor-trailer before ascertaining that it was safe to do so (see generally Waltz v Vink, 78 AD3d 1621, 1621-1622). Further, contrary to the contention of defendants, plaintiffs established as a matter of law that plaintiff "was free from fault in the occurrence of the accident" (Hillman v Eick, 8 AD3d 989, 991), and defendants failed to raise an issue of fact with respect thereto (see generally Zuckerman v City of New York, 49 NY2d 557, 562). Plaintiff was not required to anticipate that defendant would back his vehicle toward plaintiff or the tractor-trailer, and "defendants' speculation that plaintiff might have done something to avoid the accident is insufficient to raise an issue of fact concerning plaintiff's comparative fault" (Whitfield v Toense, 273 AD2d 877, 878; see Garcia v Verizon N.Y., Inc., 10 AD3d 339, 340; Irwin v Mucha, 154 AD2d 895, 896).
Entered: November 9, 2012
Frances E. Cafarell Clerk of the Court
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