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Firetree, Ltd. et al v. Town of Colonie et al


November 21, 2012


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gary L. Sharpe Chief Judge


I. Introduction*fn1

Plaintiffs Firetree, Ltd. and Orange Stones Company (collectively "Firetree") commenced this action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against defendants Town of Colonie, New York, Joseph LaCivita, Michael M. Rosch, Michael J. Lyons, Michael C. Magguilli and Paula A. Mahan (collectively "Colonie defendants"), alleging violations of their First, Fifth and Fourteenth Amendment rights. (See Compl., Dkt. No. 1.)

On October 9, 2012, this court granted Colonie defendants' motion for summary judgment, dismissing all of Firetree's causes of action.*fn2 (See Dkt. Nos. 69.) Pending is Colonie defendants' motion for attorneys' fees and costs. (See Dkt. No. 71.) For the reasons that follow, the motion is granted; however the fees requested are reduced.

II. Legal Standard

Generally, the so-called "American Rule" mandates "each party to bear his own litigation expenses, including attorney's fees, regardless whether he wins or loses." See Fox v. Vice, 131 S. Ct. 2205, 2213 (2011). However, Congress has enacted fee shifting provisions which permit a prevailing party to recoup costs from its adversary in certain types of cases. See id. (citing Burlington v. Dague, 505 U.S. 557, 562 (1992)). To this end, 42 U.S.C. § 1988 authorizes courts to award "a reasonable attorney's fee as part of the costs" to the prevailing party in any action brought under, inter alia, section 1983. 42 U.S.C. § 1988(b). Although available to both parties, attorney's fees may only be awarded to a defendant if either the entirety, or a part, of the "plaintiff's action was frivolous, unreasonable, or without foundation." Fox, 131 S. Ct. at 2213 (internal quotation marks and citations omitted). In making this determination, and thereafter calculating the reasonable fee, trial courts are granted "substantial deference." Id. at 2216. "[R]ough justice," and not "auditing perfection" is the goal of the fee shifting provision. Id. Thus, "trial courts may take into account their overall sense of a suit, and may use estimates in calculating and allocating an attorney's time." Id.

III. Discussion

Colonie defendants argue that all of Firetree's causes of action were frivolous, and thus they, as the prevailing party, are entitled to attorneys' fees. (See Dkt. No. 71, Attach. 5 at 1-5.) In response, Firetree claims that its Complaint alleged "a serious and manifest injustice," and, while subtly rearguing its theory of the case, takes exception with each of the bases Colonie defendants cite in support of their motion. (Dkt. No. 72, Attach. 1 at 5-20.) Furthermore, Firetree claims there are "unresolved issues" with Colonie defendants' fee request, though it does contest the reasonableness of the hourly rates sought. (Id. 20-21.) After considering the overall record, the court concludes that Firetree's First and Fifth Amendment causes of action had no basis in law or fact.

First, Firetree's takings claim was flawed from its inception. Despite its assertion that it brought the "claim in good faith, based on pleadings in other cases," and "promptly" acknowledged the deficiency therein, Firetree's concession was neither prompt nor forthright. (See Dkt. No. 72, Attach. 1 at 9.) Indeed, it was not until Colonie defendants' filed their motion for summary judgment that Firetree "recognize[d]" that there "may" be a flaw in its Fifth Amendment claim. (Dkt. No. 66, Attach. 1 at 15.) Notwithstanding its reliance on "pleadings in other cases," (Dkt. No. 72, Attach. 1 at 9), the facts of this case-specifically the failure to even seek compensation through the state's procedure, (see Dkt. No. 69 at 8)-did not support Firetree's cause of action.

Likewise, its First Amendment retaliation claim was also baseless. This is so because in order to even state a claim for retaliation, Firetree had to allege, inter alia, that Colonie defendants' "action[s] effectively chilled the exercise of [its] First Amendment rights." Connell v. Signoracci, 153 F.3d 74, 79 (2d Cir. 1998). Here, there was no evidence that Firetree's right to seek judicial redress was chilled. (See Compl. ¶¶ 89-94.) In fact, after receiving the allegedly retaliatory letter, Firetree not only continued to prosecute its Article 78 proceeding, but also pursued an appeal. (See id. ¶¶ 49, 67-76.) Thus, based on its own allegations, the court is unable to discern any basis in law or fact for Firetree's First Amendment claim.

However, Firetree's due process claim was not frivolous. Not only did it present a moderately complex question of law that partially eluded Colonie defendants, (see Dkt. No. 69 at 6 n.3.), but it also could not have been resolved on the pleadings alone. Rather, as the docket shows, this case necessitated multiple consultations with Magistrate Judge Treece to resolve legitimate discovery disputes on issues such as the attorney-client privilege. While the claim was ultimately unsuccessful, the court disagrees that it rose to the level of frivolity.

In sum, the record unequivocally shows that Firetree's retaliation and takings clause causes of action were "frivolous . . . [and] without foundation." Fox, 131 S. Ct. at 2213. Although both are recognized claims, neither the law nor the facts of this case supported Firetree's assertion of them. See id. at 2214. It follows that Colonie defendants are entitled to fees with respect to these claims.

As for the $34,830.15 in fees requested, which represents the total amount billed for attorneys' services, the court concurs with Colonie defendants that its hourly rates are reasonable, (see Dkt. No. 71, Attach. 3 ¶ 3), but only finds support in the attached records for $26,811.65 in attorneys' fees, (see Dkt. No. 71, Attach. 2), and $1,140.20 in costs, (see Dkt. No. 71, Attach. 6). See Fed. R. Civ. P. 54(d)(2)(B); Weyant v. Okst, 198 F.3d 311, 316 (2d Cir. 1999) (stating that the cost of preparing a section 1988 motion "should be granted whenever underlying costs are allowed") (internal quotation marks and citation omitted). Moreover, the fees need to be reduced by one-third to exclude compensation for Firetree's due process claim.*fn3 Accordingly, Colonie defendants' are awarded $17,874.43 in attorneys' fees and $1,140.20 in costs.

IV. Conclusion

WHEREFORE, for the foregoing reasons, it is hereby ORDERED that Colonie defendants' motion for attorneys' fees and costs (Dkt. No. 71) is GRANTED, however the awards requested are reduced to $17,874.43 in attorneys' fees and $1,140.20 in costs; and it is further ORDERED that the Clerk provide a copy of this Memorandum-Decision and Order to the parties.


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