UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
November 21, 2012
JOHN MEZZALINGUA ASSOCIATES, INC., D/B/A PPC, PLAINTIFF,
CORNING GILBERT INC., DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gary L. Sharpe Chief Judge
Plaintiff John Mezzalingua Associates, Inc., doing business as PPC, commenced this action against defendant Corning Gilbert, Inc. for alleged infringement of two of PPC's coaxial cable connector patents. (See Compl., Dkt. No. 1.) Following the parties' request for the construction of ten disputed terms in the two patents in suit, the court referred the matter to Magistrate Judge David E. Peebles for a Markman hearing. (See Dkt. Nos. 34, 36, 37.) In a Report-Recommendation and Order (R&R) filed September 5, 2012, Judge Peebles recommended constructions for five of the disputed terms, and, with respect to the remaining five, found that no construction was necessary.*fn1 (See generally R&R, Dkt. No. 59.) Pending are Corning Gilbert's objections to the R&R. (See Dkt. No. 61.) For the reasons that follow, the R&R is adopted in its entirety.
II. Standard of Review
Before entering final judgment, this court routinely reviews all report-recommendation and orders in cases it has referred to a magistrate judge. If a party has objected to specific elements of the magistrate judge's findings and recommendations, this court reviews those findings and recommendations de novo. See Almonte v. N.Y. State Div. of Parole,No. Civ. 904CV484GLS, 2006 WL 149049, at *6-7 (N.D.N.Y. Jan. 18, 2006). Where no party has filed an objection, only vague or general objections are made, or a party resubmits the same papers and arguments already considered by the magistrate judge, this court reviews the findings and recommendations of the magistrate judge for clear error. See id. at *4-5.
Corning Gilbert's principal objection is to Judge Peebles' recommendation that a plain meaning construction-i.e, no construction at all-should be applied to the terms "cylindrical body member" and "connector body" (collectively "body members"). (See Dkt. No. 61 at 12-16.) Adopting an analogous argument to that of the defendant-appellants in O2 Micro International Limited v. Beyond Innovations Technology Company, 521 F.3d 1351, 1360 (Fed. Cir. 2008), Corning Gilbert claims that given the importance of these terms, the failure to construe them would effectively force the trier of fact to decide what is undisputably a question of law. (See Dkt. No. 61 at 13-16.) In response to Corning Gilbert's objections, PPC argues that Judge Peebles' recommendations were appropriate. (See Dkt. No. 63 at 9-20.) In so doing, PPC requests that the court's construction order should include what is essentially a disavowal of Corning Gilbert's proposed construction of the body members. (See id. at 10-11.) The court will address each of these arguments in turn.
When faced with "an actual dispute regarding the proper scope" of a patent claim, the court must construe the allegedly infringed claim to determine its meaning and scope. O2 Micro, 521 F.3d at 1360. In so doing, the court is cognizant that unless the patentee "acts as his own lexicographer" or "disavows the full scope of a claim term either in the specification or during prosecution," the words of a claim are "given their ordinary and customary meaning as understood by a person of ordinary skill in the art when read in the context of the specification and prosecution history." See Thorner v. Sony Computer Entm't Am. LLC, 669 F.3d 1362, 1365 (Fed. Cir. 2012). While there are certainly cases in which "the meaning of a claim term as understood by persons of skill in the art is not readily apparent," O2 Micro, 521 F.3d at 1360, such is not the case here.
In discussing the deficiencies in both parties' proposed construction of the body members, Judge Peebles noted that the record was devoid of any evidence that the patentee ascribed the terms a different meaning or intended to narrow the scope of the claim. (See R&R at 22.) Furthermore, the court agrees that the terms are "comprised of three words each of which is of ordinary usage and fully capable of being understood by a person reading the patents at issue." (Id.) As such, the ordinary and customary meaning approach that Judge Peebles recommended is both adequate and appropriate in this case. (See id. at 29.)
By contrast, Corning Gilbert's reliance on in 02 Micro, where the district court incorrectly refused to construe the term "only if," is unavailing. (See Dkt. No. 61 at 14-16); O2 Micro, 521 F.3d at 1361-63. As the Federal Circuit held, the term in that case needed construction with respect to its scope, not its meaning; thus, application of the "plain and ordinary meaning" standard did not resolve the dispute. O2 Micro, 521 F.3d at 1361-63. To this end, the Federal Circuit noted that where a term has more than one "ordinary" meaning, the "plain and ordinary meaning" standard "may be inadequate." Id. at 1361-62 (citing cases where ordinary terms such as "board," "golden brown," "cover," "included," "attachment," and "removable" were construed). Indeed, in this case, there is neither ambiguity in the terms, nor a dispute as to the scope of the claim. Although Corning Gilbert's proposed construction implicates scope insofar as it seeks to define the body members as "'single, unitary piece[s],'" (see Dkt. No. 36 at 14), this attempt, standing alone, does not necessitate departure from the "plain and ordinary meaning" standard. Equally unpersuasive-for the time being-is PPC's attempt to foreclose any argument at trial regarding the composition of the body members.*fn2 (See Dkt. No. 63 at 10.) It follows that Corning Gilbert's objection to the construction of the body members is denied.
So too are Corning Gilbert's remaining objections, which consist of arguments it already presented to Judge Peebles. (Compare Dkt. No. 61 at 16-21, 23-25, with Dkt. No. 36 at 9-15, 16-18.) Despite its claim that the entire R&R is reviewed de novo, (see Dkt. No. 61 at 9), the court need only conduct a clear error review with respect to arguments that have already been submitted to the Magistrate Judge. See Almonte,2006 WL 149049, at *4. Having reviewed those arguments and the remainder of Judge Peebles' R&R for clear error, and finding none, the court accepts and adopts Judge Peebles' R&R in its entirety.
As an aside, the court, mindful of the highly technical nature of this matter and the expertise of Judge Peebles in this particular area of law, directs the parties to notify the court, within fourteen (14) days of the date of this Memorandum-Decision and Order of their intentions regarding consent to have Judge Peebles conduct all further proceedings in this case under 28 U.S.C. § 636(c). By consenting, the parties-in addition to retaining the right to appeal any decisions to the Federal Circuit, see 28 U.S.C. §§ 636(c)(3), 1295(a)(1)-will not only be able to conduct all future proceedings in Syracuse, New York, but also will have considerable flexibility in scheduling, inter alia, the trial, by simply consulting with Judge Peebles on a mutually agreeable date. On the contrary, should the parties wish to pursue all future proceedings with this court, those proceedings, which may include oral arguments on motions, status conferences, and the trial, will be conducted in person at the James T. Foley United States Courthouse in Albany, New York. Moreover, given, among other things, the court's criminal docket, it is usually unable to either provide a fixed trial date and/or accommodate individual scheduling requests. To facilitate this request, the Clerk is directed to provide a copy of the consent form to the parties along with this Memorandum-Decision and Order.
WHEREFORE, for the foregoing reasons, it is hereby ORDERED that Magistrate Judge David E. Peebles' September 5, 2012 Report-Recommendation and Order (Dkt. No. 59) is ADOPTED in its entirety; and it is further
ORDERED that the following meanings shall be affixed to the patent claim terms in dispute:
Disputed Term Proposed Construction Cylindrical Body Member No Construction Necessary First End No Construction Necessary Cylindrical Sleeve No Construction Necessary First Central Bore "A cavity lying between the inner wall of the cylindrical sleeve ('194 Patent) or connector body ('940 Patent) and the tubular post ('194 Patent) or the post ('940 Patent)" Compression Ring "structure of a connector that deforms the rear end portion of the cylindrical sleeve inwardly toward the tubular post when slid axially over the cylindrical body member"
Central Passageway "a cavity in the center of the compression ring ('194 Patent) or fastener member ('940 Patent) extending between the first and second ends thereof."
Commensurate mean "of corresponding extent, magnitude, or degree; proportionate, adequate."
Said Inwardly Tapered Annular No Construction Necessary Wall Causing Said Rear End Portion of Said Cylindrical Sleeve to be Deformed Inwardly Connector Body Member No Construction Necessary Fastener Member "the structure of the connector that deforms the connector body member inwardly toward the post when slid over the connector body member"
ORDERED parties to notify the court, within fourteen (14) days of the date of this Memorandum-Decision and Order of their intentions regarding consent to have Judge Peebles conduct all further proceedings in this case under 28 U.S.C. § 636(c); and it is further
ORDERED that the Clerk provide a copy of this Memorandum-Decision and Order to the parties.
IT IS SO ORDERED.