The opinion of the court was delivered by: William M. Skretny Chief Judge United States District Court
Presently before this Court is Defendant Corrections Officer G.
McGrain's Motion to Dismiss Plaintiff's claims against him.*fn1
(Docket No. 18.) For the reasons that follow, McGrain's
motion is granted.
Plaintiff, an inmate at the Elmira Correctional Facility ("ECF"), is a
Native American who wore his hair consistent with Native American
religious and cultural styles for more than 20 years.*fn2
On April 20, 2010, McGrain and Defendant "Lieutenant
?"*fn3 challenged whether Plaintiff's Native American
hairstyle was "legal" in the facility. McGrain said, "you tell me this
hairstyle is on your I.D [?]." In response, Plaintiff produced his
identification, but McGrain and Defendant "Lieutenant ?" were not
satisfied. They allegedly "locked [Plaintiff] in" for about an hour
until they determined that his hairstyle was permissible.
Upon screening, this Court found that Plaintiff's allegations, liberally construed, were sufficient to order service of the complaint as alleging a First Amendment religious-liberty claim and a claim under the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act ("RLUIPA"), 42 U.S.C. § 2000cc, et seq. (Docket Nos. 10, 13.)
McGrain now moves to dismiss these claims against him. Rule 12 (b)(6) allows dismissal of a complaint for "failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted." Fed. R. Civ. P. 12 (b)(6). When determining whether a complaint states a claim, the court must construe it liberally, accept all factual allegations as true, and draw all reasonable inferences in the plaintiff's favor. ATSI Commc'ns, Inc. v. Shaar Fund, Ltd., 493 F.3d 87, 98 (2d Cir. 2007).
"To survive a motion to dismiss, a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to 'state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.'" Ashcroft v. Iqbal, __ U.S. __, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1945, 173 L.Ed.2d 868 (2009)(quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570, 127 S.Ct. 1955, 167 L.Ed.2d 929 (2007)). Facial plausibility exists when the facts alleged allow for a reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct charged. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1949. The plausibility standard is not, however, a probability requirement: the pleading must show, not merely allege, that the pleader is entitled to relief. Id. at 1950; Fed. R. Civ. P. 8 (a)(2). Well-pleaded allegations must nudge the claim "across the line from conceivable to plausible." Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570.
Even construing Plaintiff's First Amendment and RLUIPA claims in the most liberal fashion possible, and drawing the strongest inferences in Plaintiff's favor, this Court reaches the inescapable conclusion that the claims must be dismissed. To sustain either claim, Plaintiff must prove that he was subjected to a "substantial burden" on his religious practices. See Ramsey v. Goord, 661 F.Supp.2d 370, 395 (W.D.N.Y. 2009) ("Whether asserted under the First Amendment or the RLUIPA, a religious liberty claim requires the prisoner to demonstrate 'that the disputed conduct substantially burdens his sincerely held religious beliefs.'" (quoting Salahuddin v. Goord, 467 F.3d 263, 274-75 (2d Cir. 2006)). A substantial burden is one that "pressures [Plaintiff] to commit an act forbidden by his religion or prevents him from engaging in conduct or having a religious experience mandated by his faith." Brown v. Graham, No. 9:07-CV-1353, 2010 WL 6428251, at *15 (N.D.N.Y. Mar. 30, 2010).
Under any formulation - and Plaintiff has now stated his claim at least three different times - McGrain's decision to "lock in" Plaintiff for an hour while he investigated the legality of Plaintiff's haircut does not raise a plausible claim that McGrain substantially burdened Plaintiff's religious beliefs or practices. The most that could be said is that Plaintiff was inconvenienced, which is not actionable. See Brown, 2010 WL 6428251 at *15 (holding that "the interference must be more than an inconvenience"); Alameen v. Coughlin, 892 F.Supp. 440, 448 (E.D.N.Y. 1995) (similar). Defendant McGrain's motion will therefore be granted.
IT HEREBY IS ORDERED, that Defendant McGrain's Motion to Dismiss (Docket No. 18) is GRANTED.