Decided on December 11, 2012
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Andrias, J.P., Friedman, DeGrasse, Roman, Gische, JJ.
Judgment, Supreme Court, Bronx County (Steven L. Barrett, J., at suppression hearing; Martin Marcus, J. at jury trial and sentencing), rendered January 9, 2009, convicting defendant of attempted burglary in the first degree, and sentencing him to a term of 10 years, unanimously affirmed.
Even were this Court to find, as urged by defendant, that the People failed to prove the voluntariness of defendant's statements beyond a reasonable doubt, and that defendant's suppression motion should have been granted, the error would have been harmless beyond a reasonable doubt. There is no reasonable possibility that the error contributed to defendant's conviction (see People v Crimmins, 36 NY2d 230, 237 ).
The statements added nothing to the People's case, because they merely tended to establish the elements of attempted burglary that were otherwise uncontested at trial. They also provided no material support for the People's case on the contested elements. In his trial testimony, defendant admitted that he had broken a window, but claimed that he believed that he had permission to enter his friend and drug supplier's apartment for the purpose of obtaining drugs. None of the admitted statements involved the disputed issue of permission. Even to the extent the statements referred to a "plan" to enter the apartment, this statement was entirely consistent with a plan to make a permitted entry, as defendant claimed. Moreover, there was overwhelming evidence refuting defendant's claim that he believed he was entering the apartment with permission. Defendant's testimony was both unbelievable (see People v Hall, 18 NY3d 122, 132  [considering defendant's "ridiculous explanation" in harmless error analysis]) and contradicted by physical evidence, raising an inference that defendant was aware he was committing a crime.
We perceive no basis for reducing the sentence.
THIS CONSTITUTES THE DECISION AND ORDER OF THE SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE DIVISION, FIRST DEPARTMENT.
ENTERED: DECEMBER 11, 2012
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