United States District Court, S.D. New York
Norman Mactas Ackerman, Miami, FL, pro se.
Jack S. Dweck, The Dweck Law Firm, LLP, New York, NY, for Defendant.
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
JOHN G. KOELTL, District Judge.
The plaintiff, Norman Ackerman, sued his son, the defendant John Ackerman, alleging that the plaintiff entrusted certain property to the defendant that the defendant sold without the plaintiffs consent. The plaintiff seeks to impose a constructive trust on the proceeds from the defendant's sale of the property. The defendant has moved to dismiss the action as time-barred, pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
In deciding a motion to dismiss pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6), the allegations in the complaint are accepted as true, and all reasonable inferences must be drawn in the plaintiff's favor. McCarthy v. Dun & Bradstreet Corp., 482 F.3d 184, 191 (2d Cir.2007); Arista Records LLC v. Lime Group LLC, 532 F.Supp.2d 556, 566 (S.D.N.Y.2007). The Court's function on a motion to dismiss is " not to weigh the evidence that might be presented at trial but merely to determine whether the complaint itself is legally sufficient." Goldman v. Belden, 754 F.2d 1059, 1067 (2d Cir.1985). The Court should not dismiss the complaint if the plaintiff has stated " enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570, 127 S.Ct. 1955, 167 L.Ed.2d 929 (2007). " A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 173 L.Ed.2d 868 (2009). While the Court should construe the factual allegations in the light most favorable to the plaintiff, " the tenet that a court must accept as true all of the allegations contained in the complaint is inapplicable to legal conclusions." Id.; see also SEC v. Rorech, 673 F.Supp.2d 217, 221 (S.D.N.Y.2009).
When a plaintiff is pro se, the Court should " construe [the] complaint liberally and interpret it to raise the strongest arguments that it suggests." Chavis v. Chappius, 618 F.3d 162, 170 (2d Cir.2010) (alterations and internal quotation marks omitted). " Even in a pro se case, however, ... threadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice." Id. (internal quotation marks omitted). Thus, although the Court is " obligated to draw the most favorable inferences" that the complaint supports, it " cannot invent factual allegations that [the plaintiff] has not pled." Id.; see also Mallet v. Johnson, No. 09 Civ. 8430, 2011 WL 2652570, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. July 7, 2011).
In September 2010, the plaintiff filed this lawsuit. The defendant filed a Motion to Dismiss, which this Court granted without prejudice in February 2012 finding that the six year statute of limitations on actions to impose a constructive trust had run by the time the action was filed.
Ackerman v. Ackerman, No. 10 Civ. 6773, 2012 WL 407503, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 9, 2012). Accordingly, the Court denied the defendant's motion to remove the notices of pendency that the plaintiff had placed on the defendant's properties without prejudice to renewal. Id. at *4. The dismissal without prejudice permitted the plaintiff to file an amended complaint containing allegations regarding the existence of an acknowledgment or promise by the defendant sufficient to create a timely new or continuing contract. Id.
The plaintiff filed an amended complaint in February 2012, and, in July 2012, filed a Motion for Leave to File a Second Amended Complaint. The Second Amended Complaint is dated September 3, 2012. In an Order dated December 12, 2012, this Court granted the plaintiff's motion and, with the consent of the parties, deemed the Motion to Dismiss as directed against the Second Amended Complaint.
The Court accepts the allegations in the Second Amended Complaint as true for the purposes of this Motion to Dismiss. In 1968, the plaintiff purchased a brownstone building on West 74th Street in Manhattan (the " Brownstone" ). (Second Amended Complaint (" SAC" ) ¶ 20.) In 1969, the plaintiff deeded the Brownstone to Education Counseling, Inc., a New York corporation that the plaintiff established " to function as a family trust." (SAC ¶ 21.) The plaintiff was ...