New York Supreme and/or Appellate Courts Appellate Division, First Department
December 13, 2012
THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK,
People v Bonilla
Decided on December 13, 2012
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Tom, J.P., Sweeny, Moskowitz, Renwick, Clark, JJ.
Judgment, Supreme Court, New York County (Robert M. Stoltz, J.), rendered September 29, 2010, convicting defendant, after a jury trial, of robbery in the second degree and possession of tear gas in violation of Administrative Code § 10-131(e)(1), and sentencing him, as a second violent felony offender, to an aggregate term of 10 years, unanimously affirmed.
The verdict was based on legally sufficient evidence and was not against the weight of the evidence (see People v Danielson, 9 NY3d 342, 348-349 ). There is no basis for disturbing the jury's credibility determinations. It is undisputed that defendant stole merchandise from a store, and the evidence, viewed as a whole, supports the conclusion that the shoplifter was the same person who sprayed a pursuing cashier in the face with a noxious substance.
The court properly declined to submit robbery in the third degree as a lesser included offense. There was no reasonable view of the evidence, viewed most favorably to defendant, that defendant used force against the cashier to retain stolen property but did not cause physical injury within the meaning of Penal Law § 10.00(9) (see People v Diggs, 60 AD3d 459 [1st Dept 2009], lv denied 12 NY3d 914 ; People v Gonzalez, 60 AD3d 447, 448 [1st Dept 2009], lv denied 12 NY3d 915 ). The cashier's testimony, the testimony of witnesses who observed the cashier's condition and heard him screaming after he was sprayed, and the testimony of law enforcement and medical witnesses as to the effects of being sprayed with mace or pepper spray compelled a conclusion that the cashier sustained "more than slight or trivial pain" (People v Chiddick, 8 NY3d 445, 447 ). The evidence did not merely provide persuasive evidence that the cashier sustained physical injury; instead, the jury would have had no rational basis to conclude otherwise.
THIS CONSTITUTES THE DECISION AND ORDER OF THE SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE DIVISION, FIRST DEPARTMENT.
ENTERED: DECEMBER 13, 2012
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