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Sentry v. Brand Management Inc.


December 19, 2012


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Roanne L. Mann, United States Magistrate Judge:


In this consolidated action, plaintiff Sentry Insurance A Mutual Company ("Sentry") moves for sanctions and a compulsion order against defendants Hershel Weber ("Weber") and Budget Services, Inc. ("Budget") (collectively, "defendants") for failing to comply with this Court's August 10, 2012 Memorandum and Order.See Letter Motion for Discovery and Sanctions (Oct. 18, 2012) ("10/18/12 Mot."), Electronic Case Filing ("ECF") Docket Entry ("DE") #153. In addition, Sentry moves to reopen the deposition of Jacob Rosenberg, the designated Rule 30(b)(6) witness for Budget, and renews its request for production of Weber's unredacted tax returns. See 10/18/12 Mot. at 5-7. For the reasons set forth below, the Court grants in part and defers ruling in part on Sentry's requests.


These cases arise out of two Workers' Compensation policies (the "Policies") that Sentry issued to Budget and a related entity called Brand Management, Inc. ("Brand"), which is the defendant in the first-filed of these two actions.*fn1 The Court previously set forth a detailed procedural history of these actions in its August 10, 2012 Memorandum and Order ("8/10/12 M&O"), see DE #137, which resolved, among other things, a series of disputes that occurred during the final few months of discovery in the Budget Action.*fn2 Below, the Court recounts the history relevant to the current motion.

I. The 8/10/12 M&O

A. Sentry's March 30, 2012 Motion for Sanctions

On March 30, 2012, Sentry moved for sanctions and a compulsion order against Weber and Budget (the "3/30/12 Sanctions Motion"). See 8/10/12 M&O at 8-11. The 3/30/12 Sanctions Motion was based on defendants' alleged failure to produce discovery in compliance with this Court's February 1, 2012 order (the "2/1/12 Order"), DE #32 in Budget, 11-CV-3966. See 8/10/12 M&O at 8-11. The 2/1/12 Order had directed defendants to produce, among other things, documents related to non-party entities that were associated with defendant Weber and that were insured under the Policies (collectively referred to as the "Insured Weber Entities"), and had ordered the production of a sworn statement from Weber to the extent he claimed not have possession, custody or control of any of the demanded documents. See 8/10/12 M&O at 8. The Court had also ordered defendants to produce "the contract between Brand and Budget" and "redacted copies of Weber's and Budget's tax returns."See id.

In its 8/10/12 M&O, the Court concluded that defendants had violated the 2/1/12 Order. See 8/10/12 M&O. First, defendants did not timely produce documents related to the Insured Weber Entities, and the minimal documents they did produce were woefully inadequate. See id. at 9-10. Nor did Weber produce his redacted tax returns or an affidavit concerning his discovery compliance, as directed by the Court. See id. at 9. Having concluded that Weber and Budget willfully violated this Court's 2/1/12 Order, it directed that defendants, by August 22, 2012: (1) fully comply with the 2/1/12 Order, including the production of Weber's redacted tax returns; (2) "provide an affidavit or affirmation [by Weber] attesting to the fact that he has produced all responsive documents in his possession, control or custody" (hereinafter, the "Weber Affidavit"); and (3) produce"any contract (whether or not presently in force) between Budget and Brand." See 8/10/12 M&O at 10. "If no contract ever existed," Weber was required to attest to that fact in his sworn statement. See id.

As a result of defendants' blatant violation of the 2/1/12 Order, this Court awarded Sentry the attorney's fees and costs it had incurred as a result of defendants' noncompliance.*fn3

B. Sentry's April 10, 2012 Motion to Compel

The 8/10/12 M&O also resolved Sentry's April 10, 2012 motion to compel defendants to produce the unredacted tax returns of the Insured Weber Entities ("4/10/12 Motion to Compel"). See 8/10/12 M&O at 12. In its 4/10/12 Motion to Compel, Sentry requested that, as a consequence of Weber's failure to comply with the 2/1/10 Order requiring him to produce redacted tax returns, the Court compel Weber instead to produce unredacted tax returns. See 8/10/12 M&O at 12.

The Court granted in part and denied in part Sentry's 4/10/12 Motion to Compel. Specifically, the 8/10/12 M&O compelled defendants to produce, by August 22, 2012, "redacted tax returns for the Insured Weber Entities that are in the custody, control or possession of the [defendants]." See 8/10/12 M&O at 15 (emphasis in original). The Court further directed that, to the extent that defendants did "not have all of the Insured Weber Entities' tax returns in their possession, custody or control, Weber must provide a statement under oath to that effect by August 22, 2012, and must state whether those documents exist and, if so, where they are located." Id. The Court declined to compel the production of Weber's unredacted tax returns. See id.

C. Sentry's July 25, 2012 Motion to Reopen Deposition of Jacob Rosenfeld

In its 8/10/12 M&O, the Court also addressed the July 25, 2012 motion by Sentry to reopen the deposition of Jacob Rosenfeld, the outside accountant for defendants and the Insured Weber Entities. See 8/10/12 M&O at 15-16. Rosenfeld, who was represented by defendants' counsel, had appeared for a deposition pursuant to a subpoena but failed to produce subpoenaed documents (the "Rosenfeld Documents"), resulting in a compulsion order by this Court. See id. After Sentry received and reviewed the Rosenfeld Documents, it sought to reopen Rosenfeld's deposition on the basis that the Rosenfeld Documents raised new issues concerning defendants' finances. The Court granted Sentry's motion, although it limited the deposition to three hours and to questions concerning the Rosenfeld Documents. See 8/10/12 M&O at 17.

II. Defendants' Response to the 8/10/12 M&O and Sentry's Current Motion

Not surprisingly, given the history of this matter, defendants could not manage to comply with the Court's 8/10/12 M&O without judicial intervention. See, e.g., Sentry's Letter Regarding Defendants' August 22 Letter (Aug. 23, 2012), DE #143; Defendants' Letter Responding to Sentry's August 23 Letter (Aug. 23, 2012), DE #144.Essentially, defendants took it upon themselves, without seeking leave of the Court, to make available a partial production of the documents required under the 8/10/12 M&O on the date they were due, August 22, 2012, but declined to release them that day for copying. See Memorandum and Order (Sept. 10, 2012) ("9/10/12 M&O") at 3, DE #152. As detailed in this Court's September 10, 2012 Memorandum and Order, defendants did not act in good faith and delayed releasing that partial production for another two weeks, see id. at 2-3, and eventually had to be compelled by this Court -- again -- to produce all documents responsive to the Court's 8/10/12 M&O by the close of business on September 10, 2012, nearly three weeks after the court-imposed deadline.See 9/10/12 M&O at 3-4. The Weber Affidavit required by the 8/10/12 M&O, although dated August 22, 2012, was not furnished to Sentry until September 5, 2012. See 10/18/12 Mot. at 2 n.2.

Having reviewed the documents produced by defendants, Sentry moves this Court for sanctions and an order compelling compliance with the 8/10/12 M&O. See generally 10/18/12 Mot. The primary target of Sentry's pending motion is the Weber Affidavit, which, in addition to its belated production,*fn4 does not, according to Sentry, contain all of the information required by the 8/10/12 M&O. See 10/18/12 Mot. at 1-3. Sentry also points to inconsistencies between the Weber Affidavit and other discovery responses provided by defendants, concerning Weber's interest in certain of the Insured Weber Entities. See id. at 3. Finally, Sentry contends that Weber failed to produce the tax returns and other financial documents for the Insured Weber Entities, in contravention of the 8/10/12 M&O. See 10/18/12 Mot. at 4-5.

In addition to sanctions and a compulsion order, Sentry also requests leave to re-open the deposition of Jacob Rosenberg ("Rosenberg"), the designated Rule 30(b)(6) witness for Budget. See 10/18/12 Mot. at 5-7. As noted above, the 8/10/12 M&O allowed for the reopened deposition of Rosenfeld, the outside accountant, based on new information contained in the Rosenfeld Documents. See discussion supra pp. 4-5. On September 13, 2012, pursuant to the 8/10/12 M&O, Sentry deposed Rosenfeld a second time and learned that some of the information contained in the Rosenfeld Documents had been provided to Rosenfeld by Rosenberg (the in-house accountant for Budget and various Weber-controlled entities), and therefore Rosenfeld could not meaningfully testify about some of the contents of the documents. See 10/18/12 Mot. at 5-6. Because Rosenberg had been deposed prior to the production of the Rosenfeld Documents, and Rosenfeld could not testify fully about the contents thereof, Sentry now asks to reopen the deposition of Rosenberg for the limited purpose of questioning Rosenberg on the Rosenfeld Documents, as well as on the belated 8/10/12 M&O production.

Defendants do not oppose reopening Rosenberg's deposition, provided that the questioning is no more than one hour and limited to the topic of the one offshore account identified in Sentry's motion to reopen; defendants object to any broader inquiry. See Memorandum in Opposition re Motion for Discovery (Nov. 12, 2012) ("Def. Opp.") at 2-3, DE #158. Defendants oppose Sentry's motion in all other respects.See generally id.Neither side cites any case law in support of its positions.


I. Sentry's Motion for Sanctions and a Compulsion Order

A. Defendants Violated the 8/10/12 Order

1. Weber Affidavit

It is clear that defendants violated the Court's 8/10/12 Order in a number of respects. First, the Weber Affidavit was produced on September 5, 2012 -- two weeks after the Court had directed its production. Second, the Weber Affidavit does not comply with the Court's requirement that it address particular topics. See generally Weber Affidavit, DE# 153-2. For instance, although no contract (whether currently in existence or not) between Budget and Brand has been produced, see 10/18/12 Mot. at 2, the Weber Affidavit contravenes the Court's mandate that it include a statement attesting to the fact that none currently exists or ever existed. See 8/10/12 M&O at 10. Defendants' opposition on this point is unavailing. Defendants argue that paragraph 17 of the Weber Affidavit establishes "that no such documents exist," see Def. Opp at 3, but they ignore the fact that Weber was also directed to disclose whether any such contracts previously existed and, if none ever existed, to attest to that fact in his affidavit. Weber's sworn statement contains none of this information.

Moreover, the 8/10/12 M&O directed defendants to produce the redacted tax returns of the Insured Weber Entities, and, if any of the demanded returns were not in his possession, custody or control, he was to confirm in the Weber Affidavit both the existence of the returns and identify where the missing tax returns could be located. See 8/10/12 M&O at 15; 10/18/12 Mot. at 3 n.5. In their opposition papers, defendants do not claim that they produced all responsive redacted tax returns of the Insured Weber Entities. See Def. Opp. at 6-7. Rather, they merely list the returns previously produced by non-party Rosenfeld -- and the list itself reveals unexplained gaps in the production. See id. Nowhere do they address the fact that Rosenfeld failed to produce all tax returns within the scope of the demand and the Court's order, nor do they explain why the Weber Affidavit failed to state whether these non-produced tax returns existed and, if so, where they could be located. See generally id.*fn5

Finally, the 8/10/12 M&O required Weber to attest to the fact "that he has produced all responsive documents in his possession, control or custody." 8/10/12 M&O at 10. Sentry argues that the Weber Affidavit does not comply with that instruction, as there is no statement to that effect included in the affidavit. See 10/18/12 Mot. at 2-3. Defendants counter that Weber expressly addressed the production of each specific document demand. See Def. Opp. at 4 ("In each case, where no documents existed, in response to a specific document demand, Weber so attested in the Weber Affidavit.").*fn6

To be sure, the fact that the Weber Affidavit does not specifically track the language specified in the Court's 8/10/12 M&O does not, by itself, give rise to a violation. On the other hand, the fact that Weber provided a request-by-request response is not dispositive of the question as to whether defendants complied with the Court's order. Some of Weber's responses are incomplete on their face. For example, in response to a request for all documents "relating to" the Policies, Weber merely avers that copies of the Policies themselves have been previously produced. Compare Weber Affidavit ¶ 5 with First Set of Requests for Production of Documents at 9, DE #23-1 in Budget, 11-CV-3966. In addition, at least one response contradicts previous interrogatory responses made under oath. Compare Weber Affidavit ¶ 1 (attesting that he never owned any interest in Grandison Management, Inc.) with Schedule of Weber Entities, DE #107-4 (Weber owned 40 percent of Grandison Management, Inc.). Other responses are worded in ways that suggest that Weber does not now possess certain documents, but leave open the question whether such documents are nevertheless in his custody or control. See, e.g., Weber Affidavit ¶ 50 ("I have no documents responsive to Document Request number 7."). Furthermore, the language used in the Weber Affidavit varies from request to request, and, given the history of obstructionism in this case, may indicate that the sworn statement was artfully drafted to create the appearance but not the reality of full compliance.*fn7

Since Weber's compliance with the Court's 8/10/12 compulsion order is critical to the scope of the sanction that this Court will impose, the Court directs Weber to file a supplemental affidavit no later than December 27, 2012. This supplemental affidavit must specifically confirm whether, following a diligent search, he has produced all responsive documents in his possession, control or custody. In order to avoid further obfuscation, the supplemental sworn statement must utilize the exact phrase "produced all responsive documents in my possession, control or custody"*fn8 and must address whether any responsive documents have been destroyed or misplaced. Moreover, the supplemental affidavit must identify and correct any and all errors contained in the Weber Affidavit. See Def. Opp. at 10 (admitting that the Weber Affidavit "contained an obvious error" with respect to Weber's ownership interest in the Insured Weber Entities).

2. USB Disk

When Sentry's copy service finally secured defendants' belated production of documents on September 5, 2012, Sentry did not obtain a "USB disk with all Sentry claims files," which purportedly was contained in one of the boxes; by email dated September 19, 2012, Sentry's counsel requested a copy of that USB disk. See 10/18/12 Mot. at 4 n.8 & Ex. A thereto. That information still has not been supplied. See id. at 4 n.8; Reply to Response to Motion (Nov. 15, 2012) ("Pl. Reply") at 2 n.1, DE #159. Defendants are directed to turn over, by December 21, 2012, the USB key.

3. Compact Discs from Bank of America

Finally, defendants produced several compact discs from Bank of America, which apparently require a license key in order to access the information contained therein; defendants claim they do not have the key. See Def. Opp. at 4 n.7. According to defendants, the discs contain payroll information provided by an outside vendor, whom defendants no longer utilize. See id. Although defendants contend that "no one in the company" (without specifying which "company"), "actually knows the license key," defendants fail to indicate whether they affirmatively sought the information from the outside vendor. See id. Therefore, defendants are directed to contact forthwith the outside vendor responsible for the unreadable compact discs and obtain the requisite information (whether by acquiring the license key for discs previously provided to Sentry, or by having that outside vendor supply new, readable copies of the payroll documents contained therein). Sentry must be provided with meaningful access to those payroll documents, at defendants' expense (if any), no later than January 4, 2013.

B. The Appropriate Sanctions for Defendants' Violations

Sentry also is seeking additional sanctions for defendants' continuing violations. See 10/18/12 Mot. at 4. As an initial matter, Sentry is entitled to its fees and costs in bringing its 10/18/12 Motion. Rule 37(b)(2)(C) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure ("FRCP") provides that, if a party fails to obey a court order to provide or permit discovery, "the court must order the disobedient party, the attorney advising that party, or both to pay the reasonable expenses, including attorney's fees, caused by the failure, unless the failure was substantially justified or other circumstances make an award of expenses unjust." Fed. R. Civ. P. 37(b)(2)(C) (emphasis added). Absent sufficient justification, an award of fees under Rule 37(b) is mandatory. See John B. Hull, Inc. v. Waterbury Petroleum Prods., Inc., 845 F.2d 1172, 1177 (2d Cir. 1988); Thai Lao Lignite (Thailand) Co. v. Gov't of the Lao People's Democratic Republic, No. 10 Civ. 5256(KMW), 2011 WL 4111504, at *9-10 & n.8 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 13, 2011); Robbins & Myers, Inc. v. J.M. Huber Corp., No. 01-CV-201S(F), 2010 WL 3992215, at *5 (W.D.N.Y. Oct. 12, 2010) (noting that a fee award under Rule 37(b) "is not a matter of judicial discretion, but is required, absent substantial justification"). Defendants have not substantially justified their noncompliance, and thus attorney's fees are mandatory in this case.*fn9

Furthermore, the Court rules that defendants' counsel, Avrom Vann, is jointly and severally liable with his clients for those fees, pursuant to Rule 37(b)(2)(C), which authorizes the Court to sanction "the disobedient party, the attorney advising that party, or both," in the amount of the reasonable fees incurred by the party injured by their disobedience. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 37(b)(2)(C) (emphasis added); see also Farricker v. Pension Dev., Inc., No. 07 Civ. 11191 (PKC), 2010 WL 4456850 (S.D.N.Y. Oct. 28, 2010) (imposing fees jointly and severally against party and counsel for, among other things, failing to file an affidavit attesting to compliance with discovery obligations and later filing one that did not include specific statement required by the court). Here, defendants' counsel was well aware of the explicit requirements of this Court's 8/10/12 M&O and failed to substantially justify why he filed a noncompliant affidavit on behalf of his client.*fn10

Sentry is directed to confer with defendants in an effort to reach agreement as to a reasonable amount of attorney's fees and costs incurred by Sentry as a result of defendants' failure to comply with the 8/10/12 Order. If the parties cannot agree on a specific amount, then Sentry may submit an application for fees, with relevant time-records and documented expenses, no later than December 28, 2012. Defendants' opposition thereto must be filed by January 4, 2013.

Given defendants' history of ignoring this Court's discovery orders, thereby causing unnecessary delays and costs, Sentry requests "more stringent sanctions" than attorney's fees and costs, but fails to specify which sanctions it seeks. See 10/18/12 Mot. at 4. Rule 37(b)(2) of the FRCP grants courts broad discretion in fashioning appropriate sanctions for violating judicial discovery orders. See, e.g., Shcherbakovskiy v. Da Capo Al Fine, Ltd., 490 F.3d 130, 135 (2d Cir. 2007); Pall Corp. v. 3M Purification, Inc., 279 F.R.D 209, 212 (E.D.N.Y. 2011) (collecting cases). The Court has previously warned defendants that further noncompliance would result in harsh sanctions. See 8/10/12 M&O at 10. Since most of the delayed and/or outstanding discovery relates to the Insured Weber Entities, and, thus, Sentry's alter ego claim, this Court would be justified in entering an order precluding defendants from offering evidence opposing Sentry's alter ego claim. See Amway Corp. v. Shapiro Exp. Co., 102 F.R.D. 564, 570 (S.D.N.Y. 1984) ("As the parties' efforts to unravel the tangled web of companies which seem to 'own' Mr. Shapiro's assets have been frustrated by his refusal to cooperate with discovery, an order pursuant to Fed R. Civ. P. 37(b)(2)(B) precluding him from opposing such a piercing of the corporate veil is appropriate."); accord Indep. Nat'l Distrib. Inc. v. Black Rain Comm'ns, Inc., No. 94 Civ. 8464 (JFK), 1996 WL 238401, at *5 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 4, 1996).*fn11 The Court will defer imposing such a preclusion sanction until the submission of Weber's supplemental affidavit. If the supplemental affidavit is unsatisfactory or untimely, the Court will revisit the issue of a preclusion order sanction. See Shcherbakovskiy, 490 F.3d at 140 ("Rule 37 permits the imposition of 'just' sanctions; the severity of the sanction must be commensurate with the non-compliance."). Discovery ended more than six months ago; the Court will tolerate no further delays.

II. Motion to Reopen the Deposition of Jacob Rosenberg

Sentry seeks leave to reopen the deposition of Jacob Rosenberg, Budget's designated Rule 30(b)(6) witness. See 10/18/12 Mot. at 5. Sentry argues that such relief is appropriate because at the time of Rosenberg's deposition, on June 20, 2012, Sentry had not yet received any documents from defendants related to its alter ego claim, nor had it received the Rosenfeld Documents. See id. While defendants do not oppose reopening the Rosenberg deposition, they contend that the examination should not exceed one hour and should be limited in scope to questions concerning the previously identified offshore account. See Def. Opp. at 2.

Defendants' position can be swiftly rejected. By the time of the Rosenberg deposition, defendants had failed to produce documents in response to the Court's 2/1/12 Order and Rosenfeld had failed to produce the subpoenaed Rosenfeld Documents. See Ganci v. U.S. Limousine Serv., Ltd., No. CV 10-3027 (JFB)(AKT), 2011 WL 4407461, at *2 (E.D.N.Y. Sept. 21, 2011) ("Courts will typically reopen a deposition where there is new information on which a witness should be questioned."). Defendants' attempts to penalize Sentry for defendants' own discovery delays are unavailing. Therefore, the Court will reopen the deposition of Rosenberg, with the following limitations: (1) the deposition topics will be limited to the Rosenfeld Documents and the documents produced pursuant to the 8/10/12 M&O and this Order; and (2) the deposition will not exceed six hours. The Rosenberg deposition must be completed by January 18, 2013.

III. Sentry's "Renewed" Motion to Compel Production of Weber's Unredacted Tax Returns

The Court's 2/1/12 Order directed defendants to produce redacted tax returns of Budget and Weber. See 8/10/12 M&O at 12. Defendants failed to comply, and Sentry thereafter renewed its motion to compel the production of unredacted copies of the Weber and Budget returns. See id. In its 8/10/12 M&O, this Court adhered to its prior ruling, denied Sentry's motion for unredacted tax returns, and compelled Weber to produce redacted copies. See id. at 15. Weber reportedly has done so, and Sentry now again "renew[s]" its request for the unredacted Weber returns. See 10/18/12 Pl. Mot. at 6. Sentry's chief concern is that "[t]he redacted returns impede Sentry's ability to reconcile the charitable contributions claimed on Weber's personal tax returns" with the returns of the Insured Weber Entities. See id. Defendants challenge the relevance of Weber's personal charitable contributions to its alter ego claim. See Def. Opp. at 9. In reply, Sentry argues in broad strokes about the need to "test the legitimacy of these contributions," but does not articulate a specific basis for believing that the charitable contributions would reveal improper transferring of funds to Insured Weber Entities. See Pl. Reply at 5. Nor does Sentry offer any explanation as to why it is identifying the portions of the returns it deems relevant to its alter ego claim for the first time on its second "renewed" motion for unredacted returns.

In addition, Sentry argues for the first time that Sentry should be allowed to explore Weber's real estate holdings and information concerning his interest and dividend income. See 10/18/12 Mot. at 7. However, Sentry has not established that the referenced redacted portions are relevant to its alter ego claim; rather, Sentry appears to be on a premature quest for discovery useful in collecting a judgment. Furthermore, the Court has conducted an in camera review of Weber's unredacted 2008 tax return, and nothing on the pages cited by Sentry references or appears to relate to any of the Insured Weber Entities. Given Sentry's weak showing of relevance, and the presumption in favor of maintaining the confidentiality of tax returns, see Johnson & Johnson Consumer Cos. v. Aini, No. 02-CV-6624 (DLI) (RLM), 2008 WL 4470160, at *1 (E.D.N.Y. Oct. 2, 2008), the Court denies Sentry's (second) renewed motion to compel production of Weber's unredacted federal tax returns.


For the foregoing reasons, the Court grants in part and defers ruling in part on Sentry's motion for sanctions and a compulsion order. As defendants have violated this Court's 8/10/12 M&O -- and, indeed, appear to have done so willfully -- defendants and defendants' counsel are jointly and severally liable for the fees incurred by Sentry in bringing its motion. The parties are directed to confer as to a reasonable amount of attorney's fees and, if no agreement is reached, Sentry may file a motion for fees by December 28, 2012, with defendants' opposition due on January 4, 2013.

In addition, no later than December 27, 2012, defendant must file a supplemental affidavit from Weber that fully complies with this Order. Defendants must also, by December 21, 2012, provide the USB key to Sentry and any other documents previously withheld but required to be produced by the 8/10/12 and 2/1/12 Orders. Payroll records and other documents contained on the unreadable compact discs must be produced to Sentry by January 4, 2013.

The Court defers ruling at this time as to whether to issue an order precluding defendants from opposing Sentry's alter ego claim, pending the submission of the supplemental Weber affidavit.

The Court also grants Sentry's motion to reopen the deposition of Jacob Rosenberg. The deposition, which must be complete by January 18, 2013, is limited to six hours and to the topics arising out of the Rosenfeld Documents and the defendants' production following the 8/10/12 M&O and this Order.

Finally, the Court denies Sentry's renewed motion to compel the production of Weber's unredacted tax returns.

The parties are directed to file a joint status report by January 22, 2013, informing the Court whether either party plans to make a dispositive motion before the Honorable Eric N. Vitaliano, or whether this Court should set a schedule for the preparation and filing of a joint pretrial order in accordance with Judge Vitaliano's Individual Rules.

Any objections to this Memorandum and Order must be filed with Judge Vitaliano on or before January 7, 2013.*fn12 Failure to file objections in a timely manner may waive a right to appeal the District Court order.



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