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The People of the State of New York, Respondent v. Mark A. Youngs

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Fourth Judicial Department


December 21, 2012

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, RESPONDENT,
v.
MARK A. YOUNGS, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.

Appeal from a judgment of the Steuben County Court (Peter C. Bradstreet, J.), rendered June 27, 2011.

People v Youngs

Released on December 21, 2012

Appellate Division, Fourth Department

Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.

This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.

PRESENT: FAHEY, J.P., PERADOTTO, CARNI, WHALEN, AND MARTOCHE, JJ.

The judgment convicted defendant, upon a non-jury verdict, of rape in the first degree and endangering the welfare of a child.

It is hereby ORDERED that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously affirmed.

Memorandum: On appeal from a judgment convicting him, following a non-jury trial, of rape in the first degree (Penal Law § 130.35 [3]) and endangering the welfare of a child (§ 260.10 [1]), defendant contends that he was denied effective assistance of counsel as a result of defense counsel's failure to make a motion to dismiss the indictment based on the denial of his statutory right to a speedy trial (see CPL 30.30 [1] [a]). The record on appeal is inadequate to enable us to determine whether such a motion would have been successful and whether defense counsel's failure to make that motion deprived defendant of meaningful representation (see People v Obert, 1 AD3d 631, 632, lv denied 2 NY3d 764), and thus defendant's contention is appropriately raised by way of a motion pursuant to CPL article 440 (see id.; see also People v Oliver, 24 AD3d 1305, 1305, lv denied 6 NY3d 836). To the extent that we reached a contrary result in People v Manning (52 AD3d 1295), that case is no longer to be followed.

Defendant asserts that certain exhibits admitted in evidence at trial, i.e., photographs, could not be located for purposes of this appeal, thereby precluding meaningful appellate review. Those exhibits, however, were provided to us upon our request and thus defendant's contention is moot. We reject defendant's contention that New York lacked criminal jurisdiction (see CPL 20.20). Preliminarily, we note that preservation of that contention is not required (see People v Carvajal, 6 NY3d 305, 311-312). We nevertheless conclude that the People provided enough evidence to establish that "the alleged conduct or some consequence of it must have occurred within the State" (People v McLaughlin, 80 NY2d 466, 471).

Defendant's contention that the evidence is legally insufficient to support the conviction of rape is not preserved for our review because defendant failed to renew his motion for a trial order of dismissal after presenting proof (see People v Hines, 97 NY2d 56, 61, rearg denied 97 NY2d 678). Viewing the evidence in light of the elements of the crimes in this non-jury trial (see People v Danielson, 9 NY3d 342, 349), we conclude that the verdict is not against the weight of the evidence (see generally People v Bleakley, 69 NY2d 490, 495). Defendant's contention that the search warrant was stale is not preserved for our review (see People v Martinez, 39 AD3d 1246, 1246-1247, lv denied 9 NY3d 878). Likewise, defendant failed to preserve for our review his contention that County Court erred in refusing to consider lesser included offenses (see People v Buckley, 75 NY2d 843, 846). We decline to exercise our power to review those contentions as a matter of discretion in the interest of justice (see CPL 470.15 [6] [a]). Finally, we conclude that the sentence is not unduly harsh or severe. Entered: December 21, 2012 Frances E. Cafarell Clerk of the Court

20121221

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